Over 39 recent outbreaks of food-borne illnesses are connected to imported food. This includes Hepatitis A, Salmonella, Botulism, and coli. There are also cases of preservatives, used to keep shined food fresh, causing lung cancer. This information was discovered by the Seoul National University in South Korea, so if possible eat locally.
Whenever possible we should buy locally produced food.This way we help the environment as well as ourselves.We help the environment because the food does not have as far to travel.We help ourselves because most of the time locally grown food is much more healthy in the long run than food that traveled in from a longer distance.
We should buy locally produced food because it supports the local economy and saves transportation costs. Consumers also know where this food is grown and can probably go out to the farm and pick their own options. Even better are farms that grow organic food and sell their wares at farmer's markets.
Yes, we should buy locally produced food, but only if it is comparable in cost and quality to what can be purchased elsewhere. There is merit to locally produced food, because it is often more fresh than what is shipped from elsewhere. It is also nice to support local farmers. If it is not the produce that you want to purchase, there is no reason to buy local. But if it is between that and something else, by all means, buy local.
Buying locally-grown food does several things. First, it saves gas as the produce doesn't have to travel as far. Second, it keeps local dollars in the local economy. Third, it promotes a healthy lifestyle as consumers eat more vegetables. Fourth, it also gets the community involved in their food choices. It is very empowering to know exactly where your food comes from and how it was grown.
If you look back in history, as cities were just starting to grow, people would obtain their food from the surrounding country side. I believe we were far better off when this was the case because less chemicals were used and the food was far healthier. I think, if it is possible, people should attempt to support any smaller farms within their region. It would be best for the community and any individuals health.
Like all products, specialization and trade are essential in order for anyone to gain from sale. With food however, this is especially important. The reason is that agriculture relies on conditions and natural endowments more than any other business. The temperature, soil composition, rainfall, sunlight, terrain, and costs of land in certain areas all impact the quality and price of food.
Luckily, since global trade is higher than ever, we can grow or raise certain types of food in the best places to grow or raise those foods. For example it would make no sense to grow potatoes in California, wheat in Peru, cattle in Canada, and coffee beans in France. Even though we all consume all of these things, we can't make all of them in the same place.
Consumers have to decide which food to eat based on quality and price, not on where it is made.
Some say that the transportation of food across the country or across the globe is costly and is a waste of money and gas. This would be true except that farmers and distributors make decisions based on what will make the most profit. So if olives are coming from Peru, there is a reason why suppliers chose to grow them there even though they have to pay for shipping. If you buy the best and cheapest olives and you live in a region that makes olives, you will be inadvertently buying locally produced food (because the cost of fuel is lower and the quality of that region's olives is higher).
In terms of environmental impacts, organic non-GMO locally produced food is bad for you and the environment. This is because organic food has no resistance to pests and disease and mold and neither do non-GMO food, thus, for every ton of energy and resources put into the production of the food, very little is actually eaten by humans. If you buy potatoes grown in Alabama, for instance, because you live in Alabama and want to buy local, the potatoes were grown in conditions not suited for potatoes and so very little output for all the input is made. Buy the best, buy the cheapest, don't necessarily buy the closest!
The most common eaten food in the USA is wheat. However, some climates do not support the production of wheat, and so lots of pesticides would be being used for the production of wheat. Also, studies have show that it was better, from a greenhouse-gas perspective, for Swedes to buy Spanish tomatoes than Swedish tomatoes, because the Spanish tomatoes were grown in open fields while the local ones were grown in fossil-fuel-heated greenhouses.