Turkey was already known to have a lot of human rights violations before the unsuccessful coup. Erdogan was already basically a dictator. Now, the coup attempt will give him an excuse to violate Turkish citizens' rights even further. He will do whatever he feels is necessary for him to remain in power.
Yes, the failed coup attempt in Turkey will lead to a crack down on human rights within the country. In fact, the crack down on human rights in Turkey has already begun. It does not make sense to believe that all university deans need to resign. To outsiders it seems as though the country wants to keep people ignorant to keep them in line.
Turkey's failed coup attempt will likely lead to a crackdown on individual rights and freedoms. The Turkish government is demanding the resignation of all university deans. Many of these deans would not have had anything to do with the coup attempt. Therefore, it is likely that the government is just using the coup as an attempt to gain more control over the country.
While it would be magnificent for such an event to trigger a social movement that would benefit many individuals, based on prior happenings, this will most likely not happen. In Mexico, teachers have striked against the government and this had no improvements at all. It takes a huge social movement to truly make a change.