The expulsion of black Freedmen from the Cherokee Nation was an act of sovereignty for the tribe. This is because every group has its own identity and it would be wrong to force others to bond with people who are different than them. They made the right decision in their case.
The expulsion of black Freedman from the Cherokee Nation was an act of sovereignty for the tribe not an act of racism. The Cherokee Nation amended their constitution to require that only direct descendants of Cherokee tribesmen were allowed to vote. This new requirement required that a member of the Cherokee Nation had to be a blood descendant of the Cherokee nation and as a result 25,000 freedmen were excluded from the tribe. The Cherokee Nation's decision to set the criteria for tribal citizenship was an act of sovereignty for the tribe.
Asking to be equal and then kicking others out of your group is still racist. The Cherokee nation excluding the black freedmen was an act of racism. This insistent desire to not accept like minded people because of skin tone is destructive to the cause of progress. They would have been better focused to try at their problems jointly.
I believe that the expulsion of black Freedman from the Cherokee Nation was an act of sovereignty for the tribe. I think that their intention was to give them their own land and sense of governing. I do not think it was about racism at all more than the idea of letting them rule themselves.
The Cherokee Nation was forced to walk the Train of Tears prior to the Civil War. Indians were victims of mass slaughter in the west. The treatment of native Americans by the United States Government was atrocious. Some Cherokee served in the Confederacy and some even owned slaves. The black or African plight with slavery and civil rights was their battle and did not match that of the Native Americans.