According to its constitution and official name, the USSR was a socialist state that was aiming to develop socialism. In the Cold War era, the USSR's leaders proclaimed that they had achieved "actually-existing socialism", even if it wasn't the best possible form socialism could take, they argued that it at least represented a form of industrial socialism.
The question of whether or not the USSR was "socialist" in political orientation and whether or not it actually had a socialist economic system rather than a state capitalist one are entirely separate questions.
; USSR standed for Union of Soviet Socialist Rebublic. This Means that they had a lot of socialism ideas. If they had used a lot of Communism ideas, they would have named it the USCR, -Union of Soviet Communist Rebublic-. This is why I beleive that the USSR was a socialist country
Its in their name USSR. Now they want me to use 50 words so im just writing this to be able to post this comment so please ignore this from here on and continue on with your lives. Im now at 41 and I only need a few more words. YAY im done!
Yes it was in fact socialist. The government owned the means of production. That is socialist. Even the communists would say it was socialist. In Marxist theory "socialism" referred to the stage the USSR was supposedly in and "communist" meant the supposed utopian world that would come afterwards. So it's more accurate to call the USSR socialist and not communist.
While the USSR is most commonly known for its role in the cold war, as being communists. Communism did not really come to light the way some would have hoped in the USSR. No matter what the hard right wing American people believe. It instead ended up being a socialistic country for a brief period, but lost that too, when Joseph Stalin started oppressing his own people. The country actually became the ultimate capitalist state, and is famous for exploiting its own workers, much like the US does today.
The USSR did have socialist in the name because it had wanted to achieve socialism, but it never got further than state capitalism. The state owning and managing the means of production is NOT socialism, it is state capitalism. Socialism is when the employees own and manage the means of production. The USSR never achieved socialism.
One class still owned the means of production. It just shifted from the bourgeoisie to the the state beuracrats. The state still exploited its workers and was corrupt. Since Soviet democracy was limited at best under Stalin, it was not a genuine worker's state and so state ownership does not characterize it as socialist because socialism is WORKER ownership/control of the means of production, not just state ownership.
To claim that the USSR was even communist, never mind socialist!, is quite laughable. The USSR operated under a state capitalist system, a system in which the ruling elites are simply replaced by bureaucratic elites, and the means of production instead of being privatised are state-controlled. In a truly socialist society, the means of production are owned by all members of society and not just those bureaucrats that run the state. Furthermore, the USSR still took part in the same activities that an archetypical capitalist state would. For example, trade, war and still used a monetary system. Therefore to claim that the USSR was socialist is absurd.
The creation of the name of the USSR came at the beginning before Marxist-Leninism took over and remained as part of the twisted propaganda of the Communist State or as "to conceal their own ritual practice as they destroyed every vestige of socialism.". As Stalinism emerged any remnants of leadership by the workers became leadership by the leader - not even God was allowed a place.
The concept of socialism is that the means of production would be controlled be the people. This was not the case in the USSR as the means of production were controlled by the state. The state can, and it did, make decisions that go against the will of the labor force. This is why some of the most well known critiques of the USSR came from socialists such as George Orwell. Please note that terms such as socialism and communism have been used to describe a wide number of ideas and systems. With this in mind the USSR could be described as one or the other, both, or neither socialism or communism.
The reality of the USSR during it's existence showed nothing of socialism. The incentive to work had been completely removed from the people and people would simply show up to work but not do any actual work. Putin was once quoted, "I lived in the Soviet Union, but I never saw any socialism, only self-serving greed."
No, I think that the USSR was more communistic in its approach to the government and control of the economy more than it was socialistic. The government of the former USSR tried to control all aspects of the economy and let no one have private property ownership, which would make it more communistic.
The USSR was Communist, not Socialist, though the two ideologies can overlap in certain ways. The USSR suffered from Communism, and it's my belief that Socialism actually creates equality and assists people. While the ideology of Communism can do the same, the practice of Communism does not play out that way because of the nature of people.