The governments of both sides had a variety of intentions on both sides, but both were some form of republic or democracy, so those intentions could and would change over time. The people on each side were fighting because they had to, wether they wanted it or not they were at war. If you want to see the best of both sides look at the surrender at appomatox.
In the end, both sides were evil. The Confederacy fought for states rights, and their right to make money in the economy. The Union at the time was making laws to limit slavery, which the Confederacy depended on. The Union was very willing to let the South die off in the name of freedom. The Confederacy, or the South, was also somewhat evil in the way that they would fight for their ideals instead of simply talking them over. Neither side was in the right, despite how the average person believes that the Union was better.
Neither side was more evil than the other. They both had their opinions and differences and ended up going to war over it. I am glad that the union saw that the slavery was no longer an option and did what they thought was right, but I do not feel the other side was necessarily evil.
For one it was part of the Anglo-Saxon imperialistic empire. The Confederates were Scots-Irish. They were the ones who drove Native Americans off the land. They were the ones who went into Panama to loot and steal and kill anyone who stood in their way. They were the ones who brought slavery here. The Confederates were way more accepting than people give credit for. And Newman epitomizes the evil Anglo-Saxon/Scandinavian racist elite.
They claimed to the world and even their own people that they were fighting for states rights. But what they were fighting for was their money. Plantations require huge numbers of workers. Paying that many workers is very expensive. If freedom was what they were about; then why did the pass a law in one of the states that said speaking out against slavery was punishable by death.
The South wanted to rule itself, just like the colonists almost a hundred years earlier. The Civil War was not strictly about slavery, but of a groups right to rule themselves. The North didn't even make slavery a large part of their supposed motivation until two years into the war, when Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation out of necessity, they needed more troops.
Those ideas, however, were fundamentally wrong. They rested upon the assumption of the equality of races. This was an error. It was a sandy foundation, and the government built upon it fell when the "storm came and the wind blew." Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner-stone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery subordination to the superior race is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth
REMEMBER nothing about war is justified on the basis of ideals. The Civil War was all about states rights but was it worth over 600,000+ lives? No it sure as hell wasn't. The whole problem escalated into total chaos when it could have been avoidable on the idea that the leaders of each state got together and compromise the whole issue. It is easy to say what is wrong or right now but living in a different time period has its own set of morals and values that might seem different to todays standards.So unless your over 150 years old then shut the hell up and read a history book.