The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste , commonly known as East Timor /ˌiːst ˈtiːmɔr/ , is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. The small country of 15,410 km² is located about 640 km northwest of Darwin, Australia. East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence,...
|Founded:||November 28, 1975|
|Official language:||Tetun Language, Portuguese Language|
|Currency:||United States Dollar|
|Area:||5,794.2 sq. mi.|
|Form of government:||Unitary state, Republic, Democracy|
|Also known as:||Timor Timur, East Timor|