The Instigator
Radicalconservative
Con (against)
Tied
0 Points
The Contender
FordKareem
Pro (for)
Tied
0 Points

Death Penalty

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 12/7/2018 Category: Politics
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,298 times Debate No: 119388
Debate Rounds (5)
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Radicalconservative

Con

The death penalty isn't an efficient or effective manner in punishing criminals. Now I am a pretty hardcore conservative, But I just can't see why the death penalty is a good thing. Many people are wrongly executed and it is very expensive. That's my main point, Too much money. I won't go into facts here because I want to save them for the actual argument. Also, The death penalty doesn't deter crime. Many studies show that too. I would love to hear your argument on this one.
FordKareem

Pro

1. The death penalty costs the government less as opposed to life imprisonment without parole.
Proponents say despite expenses incurred by the government from imposing capital punishment, The death penalty is still cheaper compared to the costs of life without parole. Although there is no contention that the cost of the former is high, Life imprisonment is accumulatively higher given the expenses for food, Health care and other costs of sustaining the lives of incarcerated individuals serving life.

2. It deters would-be criminals to commit felonies.
Advocates of death penalty cite examples on how imposing the death sentence or abolishing it has affected the crime rate. According to a study conducted in the late 1960s, There was a 7% crime rate increase on the years when this law was abolished. On the other hand, Fewer crimes were committed with the increase in the number of inmates in the death row who were executed each year. Proponents say that these figures clearly indicate the efficacy of capital punishment on deterring crimes.

3. The absence of the death penalty is synonymous to a crime rate increase.
As reported by Time magazine, An estimated 2, 000, 000 people in the United States have been victims of crimes, From assault to murder. With insufficient laws to address this problem or the lack of teeth in these laws, Criminals become careless and bolder to commit heinous crimes because of the leniency in punishments and loopholes in the justice system. For these reasons, There is a need for the death penalty.

4. It is constitutional and does not violate the Eighth Amendment which prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, Fines and cruel and unusual punishments, Including torture.
Advocates of the death penalty say that the pain associated with the execution of a death row inmate is not improbable. Even the U. S. Supreme Court has rejected the Eighth Amendment challenge which stated that the drug used to render the criminal coma-like unconscious before injecting the lethal drug is not capable to do so completely. The Supreme Court was firm on its stand that any method of execution definitely will inflict some pain and states with capital punishment have already adopted more humane methods to carry out executions.

5. The death penalty is a just punishment for crimes committed against the rights to life, Freedom, And safety of victims.
It is the right of an individual to live peacefully and be free from harm. Unfortunately, Crimes like murder, Rape, And assault are committed by perpetrators who have no regard for life and property of others. Since they violate other people’s lives, It is but fair that they are brought to justice and suffer the fate they rightfully deserve. People who are for capital punishment also talk about free will wherein an individual is given the right to do things in his or her own volition and he or she is responsible for his or her own fate.

Need I continue?

Debate Round No. 1
Radicalconservative

Con

The death penalty does not improve public safety

We all want a criminal justice system that"s sensible, Effective, And creates a safe society with less crime"and evidence shows that the death penalty has no impact on public safety. Stats from the Death Penalty Information Center indicate that in the past forty years, There have been 1, 184 executions in the South compared to just four in the Northeast, And yet homicide figures in 2015 were nearly 70 percent higher in the Southern states.

We need to take a closer look at what works and what doesn"t and use a common-sense approach to improve public safety. By abolishing the death penalty, We could focus our time, Energy and resources on supporting victims and families harmed by violence. We must ensure that all victims are treated fairly and with respect. If you listen to victims speak about their experience with the death penalty, You find that virtually all are frustrated with the current system. There"s no such thing as quick and easy in a system that"s supposed to be deliberative to ensure that the innocent aren"t punished along with the guilty"and even then the system gets it wrong too often.

Moreover, All victims are not treated fairly. Survivors of homicide who oppose the death penalty report being treated like second-class victims by some prosecutors. Questions about the death penalty divide families needlessly. Further, There are stark disparities in how victims are treated based on race. A study by the Vera Institute in 2014 found that victim assistance services including treatment for trauma are routinely unavailable to young African American men. Despite their ordeal, The system is more likely to treat African American men as perpetrators or even complicit in their victimization. We need to take the focus, Attention, And resources that the death penalty steals to focus our hearts and hands-on creating a culture of healing and support for victims of homicide and violence.

The death penalty does not address the root causes of crime

Our focus needs to be on preventing crime and violence. We know that to reduce crime and violence we must focus on the root causes of crime. Crime happens when other issues are neglected such as mental health, Housing, Access to education and sustainable employment options. When these issues are addressed, Communities become safe and vibrant, And when you look at those on death row in the United States, You see the costly evidence of neglecting children, Families, And communities at risk. We can help move communities and our nation forward by addressing the root causes of crime to create strong, Healthy families and our communities.

Most law enforcement officials agree that the death penalty is not a deterrent to crime. Perpetrators rarely consider the consequences when they engage in violence"if they did they wouldn"t commit crimes in the first place. The few people who might think about the consequences also think they won"t get caught, So the death penalty isn"t a factor.

These same people rank the death penalty last among their priorities for crime reduction. We already know that executions have no impact in reducing crime, So shouldn"t we get ahead of the problem? Shouldn"t we provide positive interventions for people and communities at risk? A brutal execution in the middle of the night won"t prevent the next tragedy.

The death penalty is not applied fairly across the country

In 2016, 30 death sentences were imposed across the United States, Making it the lowest number in 40 years. In fact, The death penalty is in decline by every measure; only 20 executions took place last year and just four states, Georgia, Texas, Florida and Missouri, Were responsible for 90 percent of them. The death penalty has also been eliminated in six states and four more states have put a moratorium on executions. Overall, Only a handful of counties (just two percent) impose death sentences in the U. S.

As the use of the death penalty declines, We must pay attention to those who are selected for this severe punishment. Being sentenced to death doesn"t depend on whether you"ve committed the worst crime, But where the crime is committed. People who live in the South are more likely to receive death sentences than people in other parts of the country"even when they commit the same crime. One of the reasons that the death penalty is used more in the South is because these states are notorious for failing to provide public defenders to those who can"t afford one, Even though the Constitution requires them to do so. And, Often, Whether you"re sentenced to death or not depends on whether you had a good lawyer.

We can change

We"re all more than the worst thing we"ve ever done because all human beings are capable of change. If our criminal justice system is to change, It should be designed not just to punish, But to also rehabilitate those who"ve committed crimes. There should always be an opportunity for rehabilitation, Redemption, And grace. We have the capacity to hold people accountable and separate dangerous people from society without foreclosing that opportunity.

So, Do we continue down a path that has failed repeatedly to produce results? Do we continue with an institution that inflicts harm? The death penalty traumatizes everyone it touches: victim survivors, Prosecutors, Defense lawyers, Prison workers, And families. Former wardens, Guards and execution team members report severe damage to their mental and physical health because of the stress and trauma of participating in executions and killing prisoners. It doesn"t have to be this way. The death penalty is an old-fashioned, Outdated, Harmful practice, And it must be abolished.

Shall I continue?
FordKareem

Pro

Morally speaking, "We reserve the death penalty in the United States for the most heinous murders and the most brutal and conscienceless murderers. This is not, As some critics argue, A kind of state-run lottery that randomly chooses an unlucky few for the ultimate penalty from among all those convicted of murder. Rather, The capital punishment system is a filter that selects the worst of the worst. . .

Put another way, To sentence killers like those described above to less than death would fail to do justice because the penalty " presumably a long period in prison " would be grossly disproportionate to the heinousness of the crime. Prosecutors, Jurors, And the loved ones of murder victims understand this essential point. . .

Perhaps most importantly, In its supreme gravity, It [the death penalty] promotes belief in and respect for the majesty of the moral order and for the system of human law that both derives from and supports that moral order. "

Constitutionally speaking, "Petitioners, Sentenced to die for the crimes they committed (including, In the case of one petitioner since put to death, Raping and murdering an 11"month-old baby), Come before this Court asking us to nullify their sentences as 'cruel and unusual' under the Eighth Amendment. They rely on this provision because it is the only provision they can rely on. They were charged by a sovereign State with murder. They were afforded counsel and tried before a jury of their peers" tried twice, Once to determine whether they were guilty and once to determine whether death was the appropriate sentence. They were duly convicted and sentenced. . .

Not once in the history of the American Republic has this Court ever suggested the death penalty is categorically impermissible. The reason is obvious: It is impossible to hold unconstitutional that which the Constitution explicitly contemplates. The Fifth Amendment provides that '[n]o person shall be held to answer for a capital. . . Crime, Unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, ' and that no person shall be 'deprived of life. . . Without due process of law. . .
Historically, The Eighth Amendment was understood to bar only those punishments that added "terror, Pain, Or disgrace" to an otherwise permissible capital sentence. . .
I would not presume to tell parents whose life has been forever altered by the brutal murder of a child that life imprisonment is punishment enough. "

In ways regarding deterrence, "Some crimes are so heinous and inherently wrong that they demand strict penalties " up to and including life sentences or even death. Most Americans recognize this principle as just. . .

Studies of the death penalty have reached various conclusions about its effectiveness in deterring crime. But. . . The majority of studies that track effects over many years and across states or counties find a deterrent effect.

Indeed, Other recent investigations, Using a variety of samples and statistical methods, Consistently demonstrate a strong link between executions and reduced murder rates. . . In short, Capital punishment does, In fact, Save lives. "

America doesn't care about your feelings when you didn't care about others so much that you performed an evil act. The death penalty is very underrated and needs to be shown more regard to after a very evil crime.
Debate Round No. 2
Radicalconservative

Con

Radicalconservative forfeited this round.
FordKareem

Pro

FordKareem forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 3
Radicalconservative

Con

Radicalconservative forfeited this round.
FordKareem

Pro

FordKareem forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 4
Radicalconservative

Con

Radicalconservative forfeited this round.
FordKareem

Pro

FordKareem forfeited this round.
Debate Round No. 5
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