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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 7/16/2016 Category: Politics
Updated: 2 years ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 503 times Debate No: 93800
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Should the British apologise to the Indians for the 15 famines they created in British India between 1765 and 1947, which killed 54,225,005 million Indians? Each famine devastated India. Towards the end of British colonial rule, as the British intellectual classes began to campaign about poverty issues in Britian, where the working classes were also oppressed, they also began pressurising the government about the lack of of famine relief for the Indians, however the government was indifferent and ignored their appeals to provide famine relief.

The British forced Indians to convert agricultural land to growing opium, wheat, indigo, jute, and cotton and also exported rice.

Indian rulers traditionally stocked rice for emergencies and dispensed with taxes etc, therefore they had policies to assist during hardship. Florence Nightingale implored the government to help the Indians, but she was ignored. The government said it was not responsible. During these famines, the British India company's profits fell because the amount of people dying reduced productivity. The famines resulted from British interference in the way Indian's grew and managed food.

Several of these famines killed half the population of India. Each famine devastated the country and it's people.

769"70 Great Bengal Famine Bihar, Northern and Central Bengal 10 million[2] (about one third of the then population of Bengal).[3]
1782"83 Madras city and surrounding areas Kingdom of Mysore
1783"84 Chalisa famine Delhi, Western Oudh, Eastern Punjab region, Rajputana, and Kashmir Severe famine. Large areas were depopulated. Up to 11 million people may have died during the years 1782"84.[4]
1791"92 Doji bara famine or Skull famine Madras Presidency Hyderabad, Southern Maratha country, Deccan, Gujarat, and Marwar One of the most severe famines known. People died in such numbers that they could not be cremated or buried. It is thought that 11 million people may have died during the years 1788"94.[5]
1837"38 Agra famine of 1837"38 Central Doab and trans-Jumna districts of the North-Western Provinces (later Agra Province), including Delhi and Hissar 800,000.[6]
1860"61 Upper Doab famine of 1860"61 Upper Doab of Agra; Delhi and Hissar divisions of the Punjab Eastern Rajputana 2 million.[6]
1865"67 Orissa famine of 1866 Orissa (also 1867) and Bihar; Bellary and Ganjam districts of Madras 1 million (814,469 in Orissa, 135,676 in Bihar and 10,898 in Ganjam)[7]
1868"70 Rajputana famine of 1869 Ajmer, Western Agra, Eastern Punjab Rajputana 1.5 million (mostly in the princely states of Rajputana)[8]
1873"74 Bihar famine of 1873"74 Bihar An extensive relief effort was organized by the Bengal government. There were little to none significant mortalities during the famine.[9]
1876"78 Great Famine of 1876"78 (also Southern India famine of 1876"78) Madras and Bombay Mysore and Hyderabad 5.5 million in British territory.[6] Mortality unknown for princely states. Total famine mortality estimates vary from 6.1 to 10.3 million.[10]
1888"89 Ganjam, Orissa and North Bihar 150,000 deaths in Ganjam. Deaths were due to starvation as famine relief was not provided in time.[11]
1896"97 Indian famine of 1896"97 Madras, Bombay Deccan, Bengal, United Provinces, Central Provinces Northern and eastern Rajputana, parts of Central India and Hyderabad 5 million in British territory.[6]
1899"1900 Indian famine of 1899"1900 Bombay, Central Provinces, Berar, Ajmer Hyderabad, Rajputana, Central India, Baroda, Kathiawar, Cutch, 1 million (in British territories).[6] Mortality unknown for princely states.
1905"06 Bombay Bundelkhand 235,062 in Bombay (of which 28,369 attributed to Cholera). Mortality unknown for Bundelkhand.[12]
1943"44 Bengal famine of 1943 Bengal 1.5 million from starvation; 3.5 million including deaths from epidemics.[12]
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