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ja2018
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e75y
Con (against)
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Homework should be banned.

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/27/2018 Category: Education
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Post Voting Period
Viewed: 1,289 times Debate No: 111758
Debate Rounds (3)
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ja2018

Pro

Homework should be banned from the education system because it has detrimental health effects. School work does not certainly make a student perform better in their studies, but it does affect a student's physical and mental health. According to the Advocate Health Care News, an article was published in 2014 on a study performed by Denise Pope from the University of Stanford, on the effects of homework. The study found "Too much homework was found to be counterproductive. In a poll, 56 percent of students attributed any stress in their lives to too much homework. Less than 1 percent of students said that homework was not a stressor.When asked how homework affects them, students reported lack of sleep, headaches, exhaustion and stomach problems" (Pope 2014). This demonstrates how homework is a stress factor that impacts one's sleep and eating habits, which can lead to serious health effects. In other words, the amount of time spent on homework can cause sleep deprivation which can affect their school performance and mental health, as well as cause eating disorders leading to an overall effect in their physical state. Overall, homework should be banned as it can affect one's health, leading to impacts on their academic performance and causing life-threatening health problems.

How homework can affect your child's health. (2014, March 24). Retrieved March 25, 2018, from http://www.ahchealthenews.com...
e75y

Con

Homework should not be banned from the education system because it allows for better academic success. Homework is meant to augment learning and facilitate proficiency of specific skills. A study conducted on September 23, 2006 by Harris Cooper, distinguished professor in the Department of Psychology & Neuroscience at Duke University, aimed to look at the correlation between homework and academic improvement. The results suggested that homework improves students" scores on test at the end of that topic. "Students assigned homework in 2nd grade did better on math, 3rd and 4th graders did better on English skills and vocabulary, 5th graders on social studies, 9th through 12th graders on American history, and 12th graders on Shakespeare" (Cooper 2006). Other studies conducted to oversee the correlation (with no attempt to control student differences) found that 77 percent find the link between homework and achievement is positive (Cooper 2006). Homework does help. Although the learning is supposed to happen at school, many students are engulfed in a sea of distractions that makes it difficult to stay focused in the classroom environment. According to Katrina Schwartz, journalist for KQED News, digital classroom tools like computers, tablets, and smartphones can be distracting to students. Not all children are capable of coping with the distractions, not limited to digital tools, that a classroom may bring. With that being said, the home environment is where one can truly learn because the limited distractions allow for productivity.

Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement?. (2006). Today.duke.edu. Retrieved 29 March 2018, from https://today.duke.edu...
Age of Distraction: Why It's Crucial for Students to Learn to Focus. (2013). KQED. Retrieved 29 March 2018, from https://www.kqed.org...
Debate Round No. 1
ja2018

Pro

Even though homework does have a positive impact on the student's academic success, it should be banned because it creates physical and mental exhaustion which leads to negative impacts on the student's health. According to a 2006 study, by Harris Cooper, Duke University Psychology Professor, who focused on the effects of homework towards academic success, stated that not only did his studies demonstrate higher performance levels due to homework, but Cooper's studies also demonstrated, "that homework can cause physical and emotional fatigue, fuel negative attitudes about learning and limit leisure time for children" (Cooper 2006). While homework may be improving one's academic success it is also creating physical and mental exhaustion, which impacts the student's attitude towards school, as well as creating physical health problems, high levels of stress, and alienation from society. According to an article published in 2014 by CNN-Health, "Is Homework Making Your Child Sick," a study performed by Denise Pope, from the University of Stanford, on the impacts of homework, found that homework had "a clear connection between the students' stress and physical impacts -- migraines, ulcers, and other stomach problems, sleep deprivation and exhaustion, and weight loss" (Pope 2014). Thus, a student's health should come first then their education, as one needs to be living in good health to perform effectively in school and achieve academic success. Moreover, homework should be banned, because school is where the learning occurs and should not be continued at home as it leads to an imbalance in the student's life. According to an article by Stanford News, Stanford Researcher, Denise Pope, performed a study on the effects of homework by which she found that "many students struggle to find balance between homework, extracurricular activities and social time..many students felt forced or obligated to choose homework over developing other talents or skills" (Pope 2014). This shows how homework leaves students with no leisure time leading to alienation from society, so it should be banned as this imbalance can come into play affecting their health, as students need a break from the workload at school. Lastly, not only do distractions occur in the classroom, affecting the student's learning environment but students are most distracted at home - with the use of technology/media- and does not allow for effective productivity on the given homework. In an article by Michael Howard, a study was conducted focusing on the student distractions with technology, performed by Dr. Larry Rosen, a psychology professor at California State University Dominguez Hills, found that "Across all grade levels, 80% of students reported that they switch between studying and technology somewhat often to very often. Rosen calls this "Continuous Partial Attention," meaning that most of the time, students are not focused on studying but rather are moving their attention back and forth between studying and various forms of technology" (Howard 2015). This demonstrates how distractions can also be found at the home whereas the students are less productive and do not have the time/ability to do homework. These distractions are not only from technology but can also occur with the presence of people - disruptions. From this, students are not able to focus because they are in need of leisure time to rest their working brains from school. That being said, homework should be banned as it has detrimental health effects - physical and mental exhaustion, it leads to an imbalance life with less leisure time leading to alienation from society, and students are not able to work productively due to technological and family distractions at home.

How homework can affect your child's health. (2014, March 24). Retrieved March 27, 2018, from http://www.ahchealthenews.com...

Enayati, A. (2014, March 21). Is homework making your child sick? Retrieved March 29, 2018, from https://www.cnn.com...

Stanford University. (2016, April 16). Stanford research shows pitfalls of homework. Retrieved March 29, 2018, from https://news.stanford.edu...

Howard, M. (n.d.). Distracted by Technology: Focusing Attention on Homework. Retrieved March 29, 2018, from https://www.beyondbooksmart.com...
e75y

Con

Homework should not be banned from the education system because, although school is where the teaching is given, the understanding occurs at home; independently. Homework boosts children's self-esteem, teaches responsible habits, allows them to be independent thinkers, teaches time management, and allows for more learning opportunities. As stated by Bonnie Terry Learning, board-certified educational therapist #10167 known as America's leading learning specialist, Regular accomplishments like finishing homework build self-esteem, which aids students" mental and physical health. When children complete a homework assignment, they feel better about themselves, thus, improving their self-esteem; they feel worthwhile. Self-esteem, confidence, friendship, problem-solving are all part of every human"s basic needs, as seen in Abraham Maslow"s Hierarchy of Needs. According to Maslow, psychiatrist and psychology professor, once an individual meets their basic human needs, they are able to move on to the next step where one achieves self-actualization (morality, creativity, acceptance of facts, problem-solving, etc). Once here, they are able to learn more effectively and even develop skills as accomplishment, achievement, and responsibility.
As stated by Cathy Vatterott, writer for Association for Middle-Level Education (AMLE)
on September 2017, many teachers may often say that homework teaches responsibility because it demonstrates that the student is capable of receiving a task and completing such task within a certain amount of time. Aside from homework encouraging responsibility for work ethic, the students take responsibility for their learning. When properly designed, homework encourages students to reflect on their learning and self-evaluate whether or not they understood the concept. By doing so, students gain independence through the efforts they display(AMLE). Dr. Sam Goldstein and Dr. Sydney Zentall, Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Utah School of Medicine and professor of Special Education at Purdue University, explains to parents at that Fostering independence is accomplished by moving [their] child from dependence on [the parent] to dependence on homework buddies and material resources for the Learning Disabilities Associaton of America (LDA). Homework is the first step for children to have opportunities to make their own choices, to make plans, and to set goals. By doing so, students become independent learner which is a critical skill through all years of higher education. Being an independent, responsible student ties in with having good time management skills. On October 20, 2014, Brian Sztabnik"s Homework: Helping Students Manage their Time elaborates on how, with good time management, students know how much time they have, how long it will take to get assignments done, and what they can accomplish in the time they have. By doing so, students have more breathing room, which reduces the feeling of being rushed, which then leads to less frustration and stress (which of course is bad for one"s health). Although there are distractions at home, the distractions at school are worse. Rosen"s "Continuous Partial Attention" is defined as students" lack of focus because of the constant interaction between them and their technology (Howard). Because of Continuous Partial Attention, children aren"t able to focus in class because of technology and their peers. Banning homework would only take away students" opportunity to learn outside of the distracting classroom environment.

Homework. (2013). AMLE - Association for Middle Level Education. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://www.amle.org...
Howard, M. (2018). Distracted by Technology: Focusing Attention on Homework. Beyondbooksmart.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://www.beyondbooksmart.com...
How Homework Can Help Build Kid's Self-Esteem and Confidence. (2018). Bonnie Terry Learning. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://www.bonnieterrylearning.com...
Developing Self-Regulation Skills: The Important Role of Homework. (2018). Davidsongifted.org. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://www.davidsongifted.org...
Homework: Helping Students Manage their Time | Edutopia. (2018). Edutopia. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://www.edutopia.org...
Morgan, H. (2018). Helping Your Child Gain Independence with Homework. Learning Disabilities Association of America. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://ldaamerica.org...
Debate Round No. 2
ja2018

Pro

Homework should be banned, as the learning environment is at the school, whereas the understanding and independent learning do not always occur at home. In some cases, students may struggle with their homework at home which can decrease their confidence levels and self-esteem. To add on, students do not always receive help at home (if any needed), which can also lead to struggles and stress for not only the student but their parents as well (homework has an effect on everyone). According to an article published in The Daily Telegraph on August 21, 2014, by Dr. Justin Coulson, a parenting researcher and author, stated that "Homework increases family conflict. And the more parents help with children’s homework, the more tension children experience. It also reduces time for other activities that provide balance and variety to a child’s life, such as sport, music, art, or other extra-curricular activities, or to relax and simply be children" (Coulson 2014). Hence, homework leads to problems for the parents or any family member - who often don’t know how to help the student, especially if they have a disadvantage with their educational background. At times, this problem with homework can cause problems with family interactions - affecting family bonding or other fun and relaxing activities. This leads to issues for the parents because they do not know what to do if their kid has homework, knowing it has detrimental effects on their health. Most of the time, homework conflicts with the students quality- family time which is very significant, especially when they only have the weekend together as a family to interact with one another. Moreover, as homework can offer responsibility habits and time management skills, it actually deprives students of their other life responsibilities and does not allow time for other activities. Due to homework, students have an imbalance in their life as the workload can be very overwhelming leading to difficulties in time management. Students are unable to manage school and out of school activities, which builds stress and anxiety, leaving them depressed and having to back down/ give up on other life roles/activities. Thus, not only does homework become overwhelming for them, but it also causes depression and a sense of failure from the workload they have to find commitment and time to doing. With homework, students may gain independence but they are becoming introverts. Hence it should be banned because, with the workload of homework, students are not able to express themselves or do things they enjoy doing which leads to alienation from society. This can have serious effects on their health. Even though homework can build learning opportunities, it does not let them go learn outside of school borders. In other words, homework keeps the students trapped to only learning what they were given/taught, so they do not become aware of other life lessons - responsibilities. In the article, "Is More Homework Putting Stress on Families," published on the Boston Globe by Ami Albernaz on August 31, 2015, states that the researcher and director of the New England Center for PediatricPsychology, Stephanie Donaldson-Pressman, found that "Homework takes time away from the free play and learning creative thinking. It increases stress and cuts down on time for building social skills" (Albernaz 2015).By receiving homework students are unable to do family responsibilities or play an active role in their society, by which it should be banned because it only keeps them intact to school. For instance, with the workload of homework in high school, teens do not get to experience/ live their teen years, like hanging out with friends at the movies, spending time with family before they leave for college, or doing extracurricular activities like playing sports or joining clubs. Homework should be banned because it deprives students of their social skills.
Overall, even though homework can show signs of academic improvement and responsibility skills, it comes with detrimental effects on one's health, such as sleep deprivation, anxiety, increased levels of stress, depression, and eating disorders -physical and mental exhaustion. The amount of time spent on homework can also cause problems with family interaction or even lead to stress due to distractions in the household from people or technology. Furthermore, it should be banned because not only are students becoming independent but they are also closing themselves out from society and out of school activities which leads to alienation from society. Hence, with homework students are unable to develop social skills or fulfill their role in society, as it deprives them of family time. Therefore, banning homework would reduce the amount of stress in the student's life -benefiting their health- and give more opportunities for leisure time as they are able to participate in out of school activities which can help them enhance and develop their creative and interacting skills. As communication plays an important role in the lives of people, with the ban on homework, it will make a positive impact on the student's life as it opens the doors to developing social skills. Thus, making their view on life and school precious and worthwhile - students will want to get an education.

Is more homework putting stress on families? - The Boston Globe. (2015, August 31). Retrieved March 30, 2018, from https://www.bostonglobe.com...

Why kids are better off without homework - The Daily Telegraph. (2014, August 21). Retrieved March 30, 2018, from
https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au...
e75y

Con

Homework should not be banned. The learning environment can be anywhere, but we associate the name "school" with it. Although there is a posing argument that the school environment is where learning is meant to happen, and that the learning doesn"t happen at home, the same could be said about school. The teaching may be given at school, but the independent learning is more likely to happen at home; work at home leads to the growing of independent work ethic which ultimately leads to better success in college. On August 3, 2010, the Home School Legal Defense Association published a study done by Michael F. Cogan called Exploring Academic Outcomes of Homeschooled Students. The study was based on a medium-sized college located in the upper Midwest. The school has 11,000 students with an average 1,320 freshmen each year. Some of the major findings included: homeschoolers scored higher on the ACT (26.5) compared with the overall student body (25), homeschoolers earned more college credit (14.7) prior to their freshman year compared to the student body (6), homeschooled students earned a higher fall semester GPA (3.37) when compared to other freshman students (3.08), homeschooled students earned a higher first-year GPA (3.41) when compared to other freshman students (3.12), homeschooled students earned a higher fourth-year GPA (3.46) when compared to other freshman students who completed their fourth year (3.16) (HSLDA). What was also found was that, worldwide, homeschooled students achieved a higher graduation rate (66.7 percent) when compared to the overall population (57.5 percent). There may be many differences amongst these groups of students, but the key difference is their learning environment. At times, students may struggle with homework and may turn to a parent/guardian for assistance, and sometimes that is still not helpful because some parents/guardians have a disadvantage with their educational background. As stated by the US Department of Education, connecting with some parents can be a challenge and many parents lead exceptionally busy lives. This is why parents are "not expected to know or teach specific information to their children, particularly as their children get older. Parents can be an enormous help, however, in creating an environment at home that allows learning to take place" (USDE pg 21).Teachers, however, can also help create situations that allow parents and educators to work together to strengthen all learning, including what takes place at home. Teachers push for this positive home environment, but if that is not possible, the teacher highly encourages the student to come to them personally, ask their questions, and be confident in the material so they do not feel discouraged or lower their self esteem. As stated by Psychology Today, " [Introverts] disposition is frequently misconstrued as shyness, social phobia, or even avoidant personality disorder, but many introverts socialize easily; they just strongly prefer not to. In fact, the self-styled introvert can be more empathic and interpersonally connected than his or her outgoing counterparts". Homework does not create introversion; homework demonstrates one"s skill in managing time. George Lucas Educational Foundation, Edutopia, states that having good time management, which is learned through doing homework, gives students more breathing room, which reduces the feeling of being rushed, which in turn leads to less frustration and stress. When one learns to manage their time, they are open to various social interactions including hanging out with friends at the movies, spending time with family before they leave for college, or doing extracurricular activities like playing sports or joining clubs. Homework should not be banned because, through the continuous effort to complete homework, students can build relationships with parents/guardians and teachers, increase their confidence to ask questions in times of distress, learn time management, which allows for social activities and decrease in stress, which in turn builds social skills.

Morgan, H. (2018). Helping Your Child Gain Independence with Homework. Learning Disabilities Association of America. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from https://ldaamerica.org......

Paulu, Nancy, and Perkinson, Kathy, (1995). Helping Your Child with Homework, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.

Introversion. (2018). Psychology Today. Retrieved 31 March 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com...

New Study Shows Homeschoolers Succeeding in College. (2013). Home School Legal Defense Association. Retrieved 31 March 2018, from https://hslda.org...
Debate Round No. 3
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