The Instigator
gabster3gf
Pro (for)
The Contender
mperez
Con (against)

School should start later

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Voting Style: Open Point System: 7 Point
Started: 3/28/2018 Category: Education
Updated: 3 years ago Status: Debating Period
Viewed: 801 times Debate No: 111912
Debate Rounds (3)
Comments (0)
Votes (0)

 

gabster3gf

Pro

A later start for schools will help improve students health and performance. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends teenagers get a daily 8-10 hours of sleep in order to maintain good health (1). The truth is, with sports, extracurricular activities, a social life, and homework, students sleep late and have to wake up too early. Most schools start before the recommended 8:30 am start time. This means that students are sleeping less than what is healthy for their growing bodies and minds. The risks that can arise from a lack of sleep include becoming overweight, performing poorly, suffering from depression, and engaging in risky health behaviors like drinking and smoking (2). When a student does not adequately sleep, they do not feel alert and cannot retain information (3). With a later start time, students will be able to sleep the amount needed and therefore stay healthy and focused in order to perform at their top potential.

(1) https://aasm.org...
(2) https://www.cdc.gov...
(3) https://sleepfoundation.org...
mperez

Con

School should not start at a later time because it may only cause the students to sleep even later, since they don't have to wake up at an earlier time, and will cause them to be exposed to light at night, making it harder for them get up for school in the morning. The Scientific Reports published a research in 2017 done by scholars from the Surrey Sleep Research Centre and Department of Mathematics. In this research, they used "mathematical modeling" to understand that people are not naturally a morning or evening person and it depends on when they're exposed to light. According to a TES article, published in March of 2017, the academics from Surrey University and Harvard Medical School argue that changing the time of when school starts will only cause most teenagers' "internal clocks" to drift later. To further explain, students will be up later and their exposure to light at night will make it harder for them to get up later in the morning. They believe that exposure to light during the day is best for them because the lights will be off or dimmed by night. Their predictions on how to get more and better sleep are based on how light interacts with the "biological clock." So, if school starting times are delayed, then students will most likely be up later, exposing themselves to artificial light from things, such as lamps or phones, which will make it harder for them to get up later in the morning.
Debate Round No. 1
gabster3gf

Pro

I understand that natural light is preferable over artificial light, but many students have jobs and activities that cause their "internal clocks" to shift anyways, but they still have to wake up early causing many unhealthy side effects. Not only this but according to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, a later starting time can increase attendance at schools and decrease car accidents because teens are more awake while behind the wheel (1). When students work, their shifts are later in the afternoon, and they do not get home until the nighttime causing them to sleep late because of their circumstances. A later start time would allow them to sleep more feel better, and perform better. Teens are naturally wired to sleep later, so no matter what time they have to be up they are still sleeping late (2). Personally, I sleep late every day if I have to be up at 6 am or 9 am. Having extra time to sleep would make a huge difference in my mood, alertness, and focus. In middle school, our start time was 9 am. Those two years were the best years of my life when it came to my sleeping schedule. I slept over 7 hours each day. Now, 6 hours of sleep sounds amazing to me. For people who do sports, sleep is important and can help your performance as well as prevent sports injuries. Everything factored in, a later school time would be the best remedy for sleep-deprived students who struggle every day to stay awake in class and make their best of their education.

(1) https://aasm.org...
(2) http://time.com...
(3) https://www.athleticbusiness.com...
mperez

Con

While it is true that a lack of sleep may danger students when driving, starting school at a later time may not affect these circumstances. More sleep will increase their ability to perform and feel better, however, if a school starting time is delayed, it'll only push back and affect other schedules. My opponent mentioned that students need more sleep especially if they're in sports, for it affects their performance. Starting school at a later time will change their schedules and students will get out of school later in the afternoon, pushing their after-school practices even farther back. In other words, it'll make no difference. According to the National Federation of State High School Association (NFHS), in the years of 2016-2017, nearly 8 million students were playing sports in school. This means that a very large amount of students who play sports, and even more with those in other after-school activities, will not be benefitted by the change of a school's starting time because their practices will just start later, causing them to go home at a later time anyway. To add on to my argument, in an article by the U.S. News and World Report published in November of 2015, they discuss reports done by the American Association of Caregiving Youth. In these reports, it is stated that approximately 1.4 million children between the ages of 8-18 are caregivers. They take care of their family members in need, but if school started later, they would be going home at a later time. Every day after school, I watch my younger brothers because my mother is at work. If I got out of school later, my brothers would not have anyone to watch over them. Delaying the school starting time may benefit a student who does not participate in after-school activities, but it may also negatively affect what they do for their family.

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- https://www.nfhs.org...
- https://health.usnews.com...
Debate Round No. 2
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