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USA in pursuit of Arctic resources

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3/19/2019 9:34:42 AM
Posted: 10 months ago
The Arctic has always attracted and will attract the attention of investors because of its resource potential. Sergei Shoigu, Minister of Defense of the Russian Federationk3; back in August last year, Stated that the Arctic is an object of interest for a number of states, Which could be a cause for conflict between countries. According to his words, Now in this region there are icebreakers not only of Russia, But also of South Korea, Sweden, Germany, The USA and China.
It should be noted that previously these lands were belonging to the Soviet Union, But after its collapse, The United States began to talk about the economic and coastal zone. The interest of the United States and the European Union in the Arctic is explained simply: according to experts, There are up to 30 percent of all undiscovered oil and gas reserves, As well as other important natural resources - platinum, Gold, Nickel, And diamonds.
However, Until recently, Little attention was paid to northern latitudes and their development. The climate there is so severe that the cost of production is very high, And therefore could not make a profit. The problem was the transportation of mined minerals. But because of global warming, The situation in the Arctic Ocean began to change. The ice is gradually receding and opens not only access to oil and gas, But also the Arctic transport routes. Experts predict that until the end of the century there will be almost no ice in the Arctic Ocean, And this will make shipping free almost all year round.
Also, There are two major areas in the Arctic: the Northern Sea Route along the coast of Russia and the Northwest Passage, Which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The use of these ways significantly reduces the time for the supply of goods and energy from Asia to Europe and North America.
Where there are rich natural resources and the most important sea routes lie, The risk of military-political conflicts is inevitable. Not only the countries that are directly adjacent to it, But also China, The United Kingdom, And even India, Claim the Arctic region. Beijing officially announced its strategic goals in the Arctic as follows: China "is a country in the Arctic zone" and will actively invest in this region, Including sending ships on expeditions in order to prepare the Polar Silk road for operation. Anne-Marie Brady, A political analyst from New Zealand, In her book "China as a Great Arctic Power" writes that China allocates more funds for the development of the Arctic than all other countries, Including new polar bases, Maritime infrastructure, Construction of icebreakers and satellite communications.
The United States has limited access to the Arctic through Alaska. Therefore, Washington, Along with other countries that do not have access to the Arctic Ocean, Advocates the collective use of its resources. This is being done to prevent the Russian Federation from becoming a monopolist in the extraction of energy resources. On March 5, 2019, The commander of the European command of the US Armed Forces, General Curtis Scaparrotti, Even declared that he was ready to hold back Russia in the Arctic.
But "the United States has the smallest sector of the Arctic through Alaska and generally in the Arctic on bird rights. " Claiming free access to the entire Arctic for Americans is inappropriate and unwise: the United States does not have the capabilities and technical means to provide such access.

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