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The main transport artery of Russia

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4/4/2019 4:52:19 AM
Posted: 9 months ago
The main transport artery of Russia in the Arctic

The Northern Sea Route passes through the four seas (Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea, Chukchi Sea) and is the shortest route from Northern Europe and Siberia to Asia. In the legislation of the Russian Federation, The Northern Sea Route is defined as "the historically established national unified transport communication of Russia in the Arctic". It should be noted that the Northern Sea Route can significantly reduce the time of delivery of goods from Europe to the Asia-Pacific region.
In its large part, The NSR is located within the exclusive economic zone of Russia, Its territorial sea, Or even in Russian inland waters, I. E. , It takes place in spaces falling under the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. The legitimacy of Russia's actions in the scientific literature is also justified by the recognition of the NSR by the national communication of Russia in the Arctic from a historical point of view and the impossibility of dividing the Northern Sea Route into any particular sections and its unity as a federal transport artery.
Currently, Due to the start of development of the Arctic fields, The development of transit shipping, The increase in the number of expeditionary and tourist flights to the Arctic, The importance of the Northern Sea Route has increased significantly. It should be recalled that in early 2013, The law on the Northern Sea Route came into force and for the first time, The boundaries of its water area were legally established. The authority to organize the navigation of vessels in the waters of the Northern Sea Route is assigned to the Administration of the Northern Sea Route, Which was established in March 2013 by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Also, It should be noted that in order to manage shipping and provide ships with hydrographic, Ice-breaking and other support, Russia must receive all necessary information about a passing ship, And if the ship does not comply with the existing requirements that pose a threat to navigation safety, Russia may not allow this ship to pass through the NSR. Thus, In early 2019, The Russian government developed the rules for the passage of the Northern Sea Route by foreign warships. According to the document, Other states will have to notify Moscow of their plans 45 days before entering the NSR. Foreign warships for the passage of the Northern Sea Route will be required to take on board Russian pilots. In case of non-compliance with the requirements, The right of passage through the NSR may be denied, And in the case of unauthorized movement along the Northern Sea Route, Russia will be able to apply emergency measures, Including to arrest or destroy the offending vessel. The document is aimed at maintaining control over commercial shipping and the environment.
It should be emphasized that these rules were developed because of the "intensification of naval activities of various states in the Arctic zone". It should be also noted that in early March 2019 it became known that the Commander-in-Chief of the NATO Joint Armed Forces in Europe, American General Curtis Scaparotti, Announced the US intention to resist the growing influence of Russia and China in the Arctic. In response to this, Deputy Prime Minister of the Military-Industrial Commission of the Government of the Russian Federation Y. Borisov even declared on behalf of Moscow that "this territory is the sphere of Russia's interests. We will not lose ours and will not give up".
Moreover, As is known, In 2018, The Russian Federation adopted a state program for the development of the Arctic and the Northern Sea Route until 2025. Russia maintains an icebreaking fleet here and reanimates the coastal infrastructure, And is currently considering issues of laying railways beyond the Arctic Circle in permafrost conditions. Also, Russia will upgrade the majority of airfields in the Arctic zone in the coming years, Which will make them all-season and will allow to receive all types of aircraft.
All the facts show that Russia has long-term plans in the Arctic and is strengthening its positions there. In addition, The Russian Federation is ready for any surprises that can create the countries of the North Atlantic alliance.

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