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Origins of Homochirality

ebuc
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12/26/2017 2:17:37 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
..."The scientific driving force for this work arises from an interest in understanding the origin of life, because the homochirality of biological molecules is a signature of life."...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

..."Short of constructing a Time Machine, we have no way of elucidating precisely the chain of events that led to life on earth today. What we may do instead is highlight the modern experimental and theoretical work that has attempted to probe these questions. After a brief discussion of the first question, this review focuses primarily on the second of the two questions raised earlier: the discussion of plausible mechanisms for the evolution of molecular homochirality as exemplified by the d-sugars and l-amino acids found in living organisms today."...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
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Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
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12/30/2017 4:54:58 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
https://phys.org...

......"For me, the most exciting thing is that this mechanism shows that homochirality is really a biosignature of life, a 100% signature, and should be expected anywhere life emerges," said Goldenfeld. "So for example, we just learned that there is a global ocean of liquid water under the ice of Enceladus ... I think that looking for homochirality in the organic molecules that have been detected there would be a fantastic way to look for life there."

"There are other models, and they may be correct for the origin of homochirality on earth, if you can prove that those prerequisites existed during the emergence of life," said Jafarpour. "But whether those foundations exist or not, for life that emerged anywhere in the universe, you'd expect that it would have self-replication, and our model says that's enough to get homochirality."

The model relies on mathematical and computational techniques that were not available in Frank's time. It takes into account the chance events involving individual molecules"which chiral self-replicator happens to find its next substrate first. The detailed statistics built into the model reveal that if self-replication is occurring efficiently enough, this incidental advantage can grow into dominance of one chirality over the other. The forerunner of this mathematical mechanism came from Biancalani's previous work on how chance events influence the foraging patterns of ant colonies.

Goldenfeld attributes part of their success to the interdisciplinary environment of the IGB and of the Institute for Universal Biology (IUB), a member of the NASA Astrobiology Institute. "If we hadn't been in this environment, we wouldn't have been so prepared to think about this problem; we might have just stuck with ants, and never made the jump to realizing that we can apply this to this origin of life problem," he said.

The work leads to a key conclusion: since homochirality depends only on the basic principles of life, it is expected to appear wherever life emerges, regardless of the surrounding conditions.

Read more at: https://phys.org...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
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12/30/2017 5:02:23 PM
Posted: 9 months ago
https://robertlovespi.net...
..."The similar polyhedron below, however, features an overall "twist," causing it to qualify as a chiral polyhedron. In its mirror-image (not shown, unless you use a mirror to make it visible), the "twisting" goes in the opposite direction. The direction of rotation would be reversed as well, of course, in a reflected image.:...

The cubo-octahedron via Fullers Jitterbug twists/torques left and right ergo handed-ness,

This leads to left and right skew icosahedral subdivisions ergo 31 left and 31 right-skew great circles derivatives.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
Dirty.Harry
Posts: 2,625
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1/20/2018 4:01:01 PM
Posted: 8 months ago
At 12/30/2017 5:02:23 PM, ebuc wrote:
https://robertlovespi.net...
..."The similar polyhedron below, however, features an overall "twist," causing it to qualify as a chiral polyhedron. In its mirror-image (not shown, unless you use a mirror to make it visible), the "twisting" goes in the opposite direction. The direction of rotation would be reversed as well, of course, in a reflected image.:...

The cubo-octahedron via Fullers Jitterbug twists/torques left and right ergo handed-ness,

This leads to left and right skew icosahedral subdivisions ergo 31 left and 31 right-skew great circles derivatives.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

More horse sh!t? don't you ever get tired of everyone (yes it's everyone) either ignoring you or ridiculing you?
ebuc
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1/25/2018 2:02:25 PM
Posted: 8 months ago
That last post below leads to entropic heat death scenarios ---O|O--- ergo any big bang{ WOW! } initiating circumstances scenarios ---O|O---.

In a purely non-spherical , ergo straight line Euclidean scenario, the flatten, subidivided triangular VE/cubo-octahedron/jittterbug ---See link http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

has a 2:1 ratio of the three perimeter trianles ergo a non-symmetrical condition, wherein any O|O scenarios are Euclidean icosahedra on each side of the flatten VE, ---ex /\|/\--- i.e. that that each of the icosahedron on each side of the flatten VE{ | }, bond to the VE's perimeter triangles, however,

in a non-symmetrical way i.e. two of the subidvided flatten VE triangle fold to bond with the left or rights-skew icosahedral set, and,

that leaves only the one perimeter triangle to fold bond with the other left or right-skew icosahedral set. So we think of this way /\ /\|/\ i.e. 2:1 ratio of triangle bonding/valencing from flatten VE to left and right icosaehedral sets.

So we may see this as accounting for why we have a particle Universe and do not see the anti-particles in nature i.e. were living in the side of Universe that has the 2 triangle set or 1 triangle set.

We may see this also as why biologicals are all left handed instead of right-handed.

There is more preference of one over the other purely by teh 2:1 ratio of the 3 perimeter triangles of the flatten, subidivided VE which is the final entropic end state of fermionic Unierse as one{ single } very large, and very flat{ lowest frequency and amplitude photon { | }, that,

is bonded/valenced by icosahedron on one side that has 20 surface triangles two those 20 being bonded to two of VE perimeter triangles that fold high or lower to bond/valence to the left or right-skew icosahedron, and,

the other icosahedrons one of its triangles bonded/valenced to the other higher-or-lower folding perimeter triangle.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

Here is the mapping of of VE's 25 great circles on one of its 8 surface triangles.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

Since this triangle is bonded with at least one of the icosaehedrons 20 surface triangles, we add the icosahedrons 31 great bisecting mapping with the VEs mapping on one triangle.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

So, we have at least three cosmic triangles that have the combination of bisecting trajectories as mapped on VE and icosaehdrons surface triangles.

So 25 + 31 bisecting trajectories is 56, but since we have left and right-skew icosahedra, the mapping is happening twice on one side or the other of the flatten { | } VE/cubo-octahedron.

And also we can consider that those 56 or 83 -14 redundant bisecting trajectories, are only the initial primary set of great bisecting trajetories, we may say there is 2nddary set, trinary set, 4th set and so and so on so each triangle surface gets more complex with its mapping as new potential axi for spin occur ergo more bisecting trajectories appear.

At 12/30/2017 5:02:23 PM, ebuc wrote:
The cubo-octahedron via Fullers Jitterbug twists/torques left and right ergo handed-ness,
This leads to left and right skew icosahedral subdivisions ergo 31 left and 31 right-skew great circles derivatives.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
Dirty.Harry
Posts: 2,625
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1/27/2018 6:43:51 PM
Posted: 8 months ago
At 1/25/2018 2:02:25 PM, ebuc wrote:
That last post below leads to entropic heat death scenarios ---O|O--- ergo any big bang{ WOW! } initiating circumstances scenarios ---O|O---.

In a purely non-spherical , ergo straight line Euclidean scenario, the flatten, subidivided triangular VE/cubo-octahedron/jittterbug ---See link http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

has a 2:1 ratio of the three perimeter trianles ergo a non-symmetrical condition, wherein any O|O scenarios are Euclidean icosahedra on each side of the flatten VE, ---ex /\|/\--- i.e. that that each of the icosahedron on each side of the flatten VE{ | }, bond to the VE's perimeter triangles, however,

in a non-symmetrical way i.e. two of the subidvided flatten VE triangle fold to bond with the left or rights-skew icosahedral set, and,

that leaves only the one perimeter triangle to fold bond with the other left or right-skew icosahedral set. So we think of this way /\ /\|/\ i.e. 2:1 ratio of triangle bonding/valencing from flatten VE to left and right icosaehedral sets.

So we may see this as accounting for why we have a particle Universe and do not see the anti-particles in nature i.e. were living in the side of Universe that has the 2 triangle set or 1 triangle set.

We may see this also as why biologicals are all left handed instead of right-handed.

There is more preference of one over the other purely by teh 2:1 ratio of the 3 perimeter triangles of the flatten, subidivided VE which is the final entropic end state of fermionic Unierse as one{ single } very large, and very flat{ lowest frequency and amplitude photon { | }, that,

is bonded/valenced by icosahedron on one side that has 20 surface triangles two those 20 being bonded to two of VE perimeter triangles that fold high or lower to bond/valence to the left or right-skew icosahedron, and,

the other icosahedrons one of its triangles bonded/valenced to the other higher-or-lower folding perimeter triangle.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

Here is the mapping of of VE's 25 great circles on one of its 8 surface triangles.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

Since this triangle is bonded with at least one of the icosaehedrons 20 surface triangles, we add the icosahedrons 31 great bisecting mapping with the VEs mapping on one triangle.
http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

So, we have at least three cosmic triangles that have the combination of bisecting trajectories as mapped on VE and icosaehdrons surface triangles.

So 25 + 31 bisecting trajectories is 56, but since we have left and right-skew icosahedra, the mapping is happening twice on one side or the other of the flatten { | } VE/cubo-octahedron.

And also we can consider that those 56 or 83 -14 redundant bisecting trajectories, are only the initial primary set of great bisecting trajetories, we may say there is 2nddary set, trinary set, 4th set and so and so on so each triangle surface gets more complex with its mapping as new potential axi for spin occur ergo more bisecting trajectories appear.





At 12/30/2017 5:02:23 PM, ebuc wrote:
The cubo-octahedron via Fullers Jitterbug twists/torques left and right ergo handed-ness,
This leads to left and right skew icosahedral subdivisions ergo 31 left and 31 right-skew great circles derivatives.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

More horse sh!t? don't you ever get tired of everyone (yes it's everyone) either ignoring you or ridiculing you?
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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2/8/2018 3:15:58 PM
Posted: 8 months ago
https://www.chemistryworld.com...

..."The presence of carbon atoms with four chemically distinct substituents leads to chiral molecules, with non-superimposable mirror image forms known as stereoisomers. In any chemical synthesis, without intervention, an almost equal or racemic mixture of left- and right-handed molecules will form. So where did our homochiral world come from? "...

..."They knew that there are two different ways in which four different objects can be arranged at the corners of a tetrahedron, and that the two arrangements are mirror images of one another. Van't Hoff and LeBel proposed that carbon has a tetrahedral structure, and that optically active substances have at least one carbon atom with four different groups attached. The "+" and "-" forms of tartaric acid therefore corresponded to molecules containing two mirror image tetrahedral structures, each centred on a carbon atom.

It is worth noting that Van't Hoff and LeBel made their proposal at a time when very little was known about the structure of atoms or chemical bonds. It was initially controversial, but soon came to be generally accepted and is now regarded as fact.

Contemporary Understanding of Chiral Molecules
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/9/2018 3:07:43 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
This graphic shows left and right icosahedra patterns within VE/jitterbug transformations.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

There exist better graphics to explain why icosahedron as derived from VE, has left and right-skew versions of its 20 triangle that subdivide into 120 rigth-triangles

https://www.chemistryworld.com...

..."The presence of carbon atoms with four chemically distinct substituents leads to chiral molecules, with non-superimposable mirror image forms known as stereoisomers. In any chemical synthesis, without intervention, an almost equal or racemic mixture of left- and right-handed molecules will form. So where did our homochiral world come from? "...

..."They knew that there are two different ways in which four different objects can be arranged at the corners of a tetrahedron, and that the two arrangements are mirror images of one another. Van't Hoff and LeBel proposed that carbon has a tetrahedral structure, and that optically active substances have at least one carbon atom with four different groups attached. The "+" and "-" forms of tartaric acid therefore corresponded to molecules containing two mirror image tetrahedral structures, each centred on a carbon atom.

It is worth noting that Van't Hoff and LeBel made their proposal at a time when very little was known about the structure of atoms or chemical bonds. It was initially controversial, but soon came to be generally accepted and is now regarded as fact.

Contemporary Understanding of Chiral Molecules
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/10/2018 2:04:14 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
...."By virtue of the fact that there are tentacles among the two main taxons of bilaterally symmetrical animals, it is logical to assume that the common ancestor also had them. It means that the common ancestor of chordate animals including people also had tentacles," -- Elena Temereva explains."

https://www.sciencedaily.com...
This graphic shows left and right icosahedra patterns within VE/jitterbug transformations.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

There exist better graphics to explain why icosahedron as derived from VE, has left and right-skew versions of its 20 triangle that subdivide into 120 rigth-triangles


https://www.chemistryworld.com...

..."The presence of carbon atoms with four chemically distinct substituents leads to chiral molecules, with non-superimposable mirror image forms known as stereoisomers. In any chemical synthesis, without intervention, an almost equal or racemic mixture of left- and right-handed molecules will form. So where did our homochiral world come from? "...

..."They knew that there are two different ways in which four different objects can be arranged at the corners of a tetrahedron, and that the two arrangements are mirror images of one another. Van't Hoff and LeBel proposed that carbon has a tetrahedral structure, and that optically active substances have at least one carbon atom with four different groups attached. The "+" and "-" forms of tartaric acid therefore corresponded to molecules containing two mirror image tetrahedral structures, each centred on a carbon atom.

It is worth noting that Van't Hoff and LeBel made their proposal at a time when very little was known about the structure of atoms or chemical bonds. It was initially controversial, but soon came to be generally accepted and is now regarded as fact.

Contemporary Understanding of Chiral Molecules
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/10/2018 2:55:41 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
..."The scientific driving force for this work arises from an interest in understanding the origin of life, because the homochirality of biological molecules is a signature of life."...:

.."Icosahedral capsids with a triangulation number T=7 are composed of 12 pentameric and 60 hexameric capsomeres for a total of 420 capsid proteins. These capsids are skewed, and are therefore described as either right- (dextro) or left- (laevo) handed."...

O|O

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

..."Short of constructing a Time Machine, we have no way of elucidating precisely the chain of events that led to life on earth today. What we may do instead is highlight the modern experimental and theoretical work that has attempted to probe these questions. After a brief discussion of the first question, this review focuses primarily on the second of the two questions raised earlier: the discussion of plausible mechanisms for the evolution of molecular homochirality as exemplified by the d-sugars and l-amino acids found in living organisms today."...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/10/2018 3:39:18 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
..."Rotating properly the image of the second icosahedron of the chromatically chiral pair, one can emphasize that the face colourings of the two icosahedra are symmetrical with respect to a vertical mirror placed between the two polyhedra put side by side."....

http://www.mi.sanu.ac.rs...

...."By virtue of the fact that there are tentacles among the two main taxons of bilaterally symmetrical animals, it is logical to assume that the common ancestor also had them. It means that the common ancestor of chordate animals including people also had tentacles," -- Elena Temereva explains."

https://www.sciencedaily.com...
This graphic shows left and right icosahedra patterns within VE/jitterbug transformations.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com...

There exist better graphics to explain why icosahedron as derived from VE, has left and right-skew versions of its 20 triangle that subdivide into 120 rigth-triangles


https://www.chemistryworld.com...

..."The presence of carbon atoms with four chemically distinct substituents leads to chiral molecules, with non-superimposable mirror image forms known as stereoisomers. In any chemical synthesis, without intervention, an almost equal or racemic mixture of left- and right-handed molecules will form. So where did our homochiral world come from? "...

..."They knew that there are two different ways in which four different objects can be arranged at the corners of a tetrahedron, and that the two arrangements are mirror images of one another. Van't Hoff and LeBel proposed that carbon has a tetrahedral structure, and that optically active substances have at least one carbon atom with four different groups attached. The "+" and "-" forms of tartaric acid therefore corresponded to molecules containing two mirror image tetrahedral structures, each centred on a carbon atom.

It is worth noting that Van't Hoff and LeBel made their proposal at a time when very little was known about the structure of atoms or chemical bonds. It was initially controversial, but soon came to be generally accepted and is now regarded as fact.

Contemporary Understanding of Chiral Molecules
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/13/2018 3:12:54 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
God{ ess } is bilateral O|O

Origins of bilateral symmetry
https://www.sciencedaily.com...

...."Lingula ---looks like a sperm ---(>) --- is one of the oldest brachiopods having survived survived to the present day. It is known from the Early Ordovician what means about 500 million years ago.

....The fossils of Lingula are found all over the world. Most of the were found in Europe, Southeast Asian and North America:....

31 bilateral spinal nerves--totals 62
...5-fold icosa{20}hedron has 31 left and right-skew great circle planes---totals 62
.....Pi^3 = 31.00 62 7 66
....66 lines-of-relationship is resultatnt of icosahedron and VE's 12 vertexes
......6, 10, 15 great circle planes { bisecting }

12 pairs of cranial nerves--total 24
..5-fold icosahedron has 12 vertexes
..4-fold cubo{6}-octa{8}hedron has 12 vertexes---aka vector equilibrium
..4-fold Vector Equilibrium has 24 chords and 24 radii--total 48
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 60 degree angles
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 90 degree angles
...3, 4, 6, and 12 great circle planes { bsiecting }
...3 ---primary structural of Universe--- divides equally into 24, as does 2, 4, 6 and 12.

The 4-fold cubo-octahedron { Vector Equilibrium } as operating system of Universe, flatten to seeming 2D.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com.........

If have icosaehedron with 31 great circles attached to each of the 8 surface triangles, when it flattens to a single subdivided triangle, we have four sets of dual 31 left and right great circles,

O|O
O|O
O|O
O|O

or if infolds teh three perimeter triangles into the central one then we have four icosaehedral sets bonded/valenced as one, on each side of seemingly on one, flattened VE as a single traingle ergo,

O|O

Next think of each great circle as a great torus.

( )( ) = sidewise vertical bisection/cross-section of a torus, ex doughnut or inner tube sitting on counter and we see it from the side, not birds-eye-view

( ) = positive shaped gravity ( )

)( = negative shaped dark energy )(

>< = invaginations from peak of positive and negative curvature ergo (><)(><) and also seen as a sine-wave topology /\/\/ or as ^v^v inside the torus aka observed reality or observed Time { quantised or quantified }

* * = complex bilateral consciousness is resulant of obser

(>*<)(>*<) = complex bilateral consciousness resultant of many great tori in specific integral patterns that defined a animals.

Vagus nerve ---captain of parasypathetics nervous system--- is a tube and largest longest of cranial nerves.
https://www.sciencedirect.com......

Human has two primary openings INput of food and water OUTput of food and water and that defines animal as a torus

However since animals have more holes than just two they are complex torus 2, 3, 4 , 5 or more hole torus.

http://www.skbutton.com.........
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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3/16/2018 8:32:58 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
The ess-ence of our eternally existent, finite, occupied space Universe, is;

Gravity ( ) and,
Dark Energy )(, with,

Observed reality/Time/Frequency as a resultant of invaginations from both of those two ergo trinary.

(> invagination from peak of positive curvature

<) invagination from peak of negative curvature,

Both of these defined a sine-wave /\/\/\/ patterned frequency ^v^v, between them ergo

(><) is a tube and one half of a torus aka toroidal tube ergo,

(><)(><) and resultant of this trinary set when comosed of many tori we arrive at complex bilateral consciousness with access to metaphysical-1, mind/intellect/concepts ergo,

(>*<) i (>*<)

This is relatively simple no brainer for those choose to follow rational, logical common sense approach to discovery of truth.

God{ ess } is bilateral O|O

Origins of bilateral symmetry
https://www.sciencedaily.com...

...."Lingula ---looks like a sperm ---(>) --- is one of the oldest brachiopods having survived survived to the present day. It is known from the Early Ordovician what means about 500 million years ago.

....The fossils of Lingula are found all over the world. Most of the were found in Europe, Southeast Asian and North America:....



31 bilateral spinal nerves--totals 62
...5-fold icosa{20}hedron has 31 left and right-skew great circle planes---totals 62
.....Pi^3 = 31.00 62 7 66
....66 lines-of-relationship is resultatnt of icosahedron and VE's 12 vertexes
......6, 10, 15 great circle planes { bisecting }

12 pairs of cranial nerves--total 24
..5-fold icosahedron has 12 vertexes
..4-fold cubo{6}-octa{8}hedron has 12 vertexes---aka vector equilibrium
..4-fold Vector Equilibrium has 24 chords and 24 radii--total 48
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 60 degree angles
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 90 degree angles
...3, 4, 6, and 12 great circle planes { bsiecting }
...3 ---primary structural of Universe--- divides equally into 24, as does 2, 4, 6 and 12.

The 4-fold cubo-octahedron { Vector Equilibrium } as operating system of Universe, flatten to seeming 2D.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com.........

If have icosaehedron with 31 great circles attached to each of the 8 surface triangles, when it flattens to a single subdivided triangle, we have four sets of dual 31 left and right great circles,

O|O
O|O
O|O
O|O

or if infolds teh three perimeter triangles into the central one then we have four icosaehedral sets bonded/valenced as one, on each side of seemingly on one, flattened VE as a single traingle ergo,

O|O

Next think of each great circle as a great torus.

( )( ) = sidewise vertical bisection/cross-section of a torus, ex doughnut or inner tube sitting on counter and we see it from the side, not birds-eye-view

( ) = positive shaped gravity ( )

)( = negative shaped dark energy )(

>< = invaginations from peak of positive and negative curvature ergo (><)(><) and also seen as a sine-wave topology /\/\/ or as ^v^v inside the torus aka observed reality or observed Time { quantised or quantified }

* * = complex bilateral consciousness is resulant of obser

(>*<)(>*<) = complex bilateral consciousness resultant of many great tori in specific integral patterns that defined a animals.

Vagus nerve ---captain of parasypathetics nervous system--- is a tube and largest longest of cranial nerves.
https://www.sciencedirect.com......

Human has two primary openings INput of food and water OUTput of food and water and that defines animal as a torus

However since animals have more holes than just two they are complex torus 2, 3, 4 , 5 or more hole torus.

http://www.skbutton.com.........
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
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3/20/2018 2:29:45 PM
Posted: 7 months ago
....."Predominantly left-handed amino acids were found in six out of six meteorites examined by a pair of astrobiologists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Some of the imbalances were so high that one remarked, "I have to admit I didn't believe it at first."

... With no better idea, the astrobiologists suggest that water caused the anomalous chirality " the effects of water are evident in the meteorites. But water itself has no chirality. Or maybe polarized light was responsible? But light comes equally in right- and left-handed polarity.

chirality illustration On the other hand, life as we know it creates only left-handed amino acids. And when life dies out, this chirality slowly degrades away. For some amino acids, this degradation can take billions of years. Could the surprising excess of left-handed amino acids in all six meteorites have been left by ancient microbial life on their parent bodies?"...

http://www.panspermia.org...
The ess-ence of our eternally existent, finite, occupied space Universe, is;

Gravity ( ) and,
Dark Energy )(, with,

Observed reality/Time/Frequency as a resultant of invaginations from both of those two ergo trinary.

(> invagination from peak of positive curvature

<) invagination from peak of negative curvature,

Both of these defined a sine-wave /\/\/\/ patterned frequency ^v^v, between them ergo

(><) is a tube and one half of a torus aka toroidal tube ergo,

(><)(><) and resultant of this trinary set when comosed of many tori we arrive at complex bilateral consciousness with access to metaphysical-1, mind/intellect/concepts ergo,

(>*<) i (>*<)

This is relatively simple no brainer for those choose to follow rational, logical common sense approach to discovery of truth.

God{ ess } is bilateral O|O

Origins of bilateral symmetry
https://www.sciencedaily.com...

...."Lingula ---looks like a sperm ---(>) --- is one of the oldest brachiopods having survived survived to the present day. It is known from the Early Ordovician what means about 500 million years ago.

....The fossils of Lingula are found all over the world. Most of the were found in Europe, Southeast Asian and North America:....



31 bilateral spinal nerves--totals 62
...5-fold icosa{20}hedron has 31 left and right-skew great circle planes---totals 62
.....Pi^3 = 31.00 62 7 66
....66 lines-of-relationship is resultatnt of icosahedron and VE's 12 vertexes
......6, 10, 15 great circle planes { bisecting }

12 pairs of cranial nerves--total 24
..5-fold icosahedron has 12 vertexes
..4-fold cubo{6}-octa{8}hedron has 12 vertexes---aka vector equilibrium
..4-fold Vector Equilibrium has 24 chords and 24 radii--total 48
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 60 degree angles
...4-fold VE has 24 surface 90 degree angles
...3, 4, 6, and 12 great circle planes { bsiecting }
...3 ---primary structural of Universe--- divides equally into 24, as does 2, 4, 6 and 12.

The 4-fold cubo-octahedron { Vector Equilibrium } as operating system of Universe, flatten to seeming 2D.

http://www.rwgrayprojects.com.........

If have icosaehedron with 31 great circles attached to each of the 8 surface triangles, when it flattens to a single subdivided triangle, we have four sets of dual 31 left and right great circles,

O|O
O|O
O|O
O|O

or if infolds teh three perimeter triangles into the central one then we have four icosaehedral sets bonded/valenced as one, on each side of seemingly on one, flattened VE as a single traingle ergo,

O|O

Next think of each great circle as a great torus.

( )( ) = sidewise vertical bisection/cross-section of a torus, ex doughnut or inner tube sitting on counter and we see it from the side, not birds-eye-view

( ) = positive shaped gravity ( )

)( = negative shaped dark energy )(

>< = invaginations from peak of positive and negative curvature ergo (><)(><) and also seen as a sine-wave topology /\/\/ or as ^v^v inside the torus aka observed reality or observed Time { quantised or quantified }

* * = complex bilateral consciousness is resulant of obser

(>*<)(>*<) = complex bilateral consciousness resultant of many great tori in specific integral patterns that defined a animals.

Vagus nerve ---captain of parasypathetics nervous system--- is a tube and largest longest of cranial nerves.
https://www.sciencedirect.com......

Human has two primary openings INput of food and water OUTput of food and water and that defines animal as a torus

However since animals have more holes than just two they are complex torus 2, 3, 4 , 5 or more hole torus.

http://www.skbutton.com.........
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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4/3/2018 9:41:02 PM
Posted: 6 months ago
..." In this article, the researchers sought to determine if a fundamental property of chirality and crystallization could be discovered by analyzing the behavior of a bunch of simple, microscopic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

....Usually, when you do a reaction in the lab that will give you a chiral molecule, you end up with a 50/50 mix of left- and right-handed molecules. For the most part, these molecules are chemically equivalent. So when we find that nature only uses L-amino acids (left-handed) and D-sugars (right-handed) in organisms, there is something odd about this.

....Again, laboratory syntheses of amino acids and sugars typically yield the expected 50/50 mixture. This means if we assume a purely chemical origin of life, then there must be some mechanism that selects one molecule over its mirror-image counterpart. Unfortunately, for Darwinists anyway, scientists have yet to identify a physical mechanism for selecting one chiral molecule over another.

....Or have they? A Nature Communications article is being touted as bringing us one step closer to solving the chirality mystery."...

https://evolutionnews.org...

....."Predominantly left-handed amino acids were found in six out of six meteorites examined by a pair of astrobiologists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Some of the imbalances were so high that one remarked, "I have to admit I didn't believe it at first."

... With no better idea, the astrobiologists suggest that water caused the anomalous chirality " the effects of water are evident in the meteorites. But water itself has no chirality. Or maybe polarized light was responsible? But light comes equally in right- and left-handed polarity.

chirality illustration On the other hand, life as we know it creates only left-handed amino acids. And when life dies out, this chirality slowly degrades away. For some amino acids, this degradation can take billions of years. Could the surprising excess of left-handed amino acids in all six meteorites have been left by ancient microbial life on their parent bodies?"...

http://www.panspermia.org...
skbutton.com......
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
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4/5/2018 3:53:16 PM
Posted: 6 months ago
https://pubs.acs.org...
..."The self-assembly of homochiral salen-based 60" corner building blocks and Cu2+ ions results in either a homochiral molecular triangle or a homochiral helix depending on solvent ratio (MeOH/pyridine).

.... The process is reversible, and each compound has been characterized by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study."...

..." In this article, the researchers sought to determine if a fundamental property of chirality and crystallization could be discovered by analyzing the behavior of a bunch of simple, microscopic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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4/9/2018 4:08:48 PM
Posted: 6 months ago
http://www.mdpi.com...

..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. This is sometimes called Chiral Symmetry breaking or Homochirality.
In the physical world the concepts of Symmetry and Symmetry breaking are of key importance, while Symmetry principles are key to important physical theories (i.e. Lorentz Invariance and the Theory of Relativity).

....Asymmetry comes into the nature of the weak force (that drives the energy production in the sun). This depends on a symmetry breaking that leads to a massive particle the Z" with the same properties as the photon of liquid but is 90 proton masses heaver.*

...Some Biologists believe that the very existence of life depends on the chiral symmetry breaking or Homochirality; therefore, understanding the origin of this aspect of life could be related to the understanding of the origin of life to some"...

https://pubs.acs.org...
..."The self-assembly of homochiral salen-based 60" corner building blocks and Cu2+ ions results in either a homochiral molecular triangle or a homochiral helix depending on solvent ratio (MeOH/pyridine).

.... The process is reversible, and each compound has been characterized by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study."...

..." In this article, the researchers sought to determine if a fundamental property of chirality and crystallization could be discovered by analyzing the behavior of a bunch of simple, microscopic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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4/22/2018 8:23:08 PM
Posted: 5 months ago
Pi^5 = 306.01 96 8 47 8528145326274131004344

306.01 96 8 47 / 5{ renorailzation to XYZ/3D } =

61.20 39 3 69 57056290652548262008687
http://www.mdpi.com...
..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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5/23/2018 2:46:20 PM
Posted: 4 months ago
http://www.georgehart.com...

..."Fig. 3 shows this arrangement, with one circle for each symmetry plane. The planes divide the surface of a sphere into 120 right triangles called Mobius triangles, which are alternately left-handed and right-handed. The symmetry axes are located where the planes intersect.

....When one studies the possible sets of symmetries, what mathematicians call group theory, it turns out that only a relatively small number of polyhedral symmetry structures are possible. In the case of icosahedral symmetry, there are two possibilities:

...an object either has fifteen mirror planes or it has none. An object with no mirror planes is called chiral (Latin for hand). A chiral object appears different in a mirror; it comes in left-hand and right-hand forms.

...The opposite, e.g., the icosahedron which has one or more planes of reflection, is called reflexible."...
Pi^5 = 306.01 96 8 47 8528145326274131004344

306.01 96 8 47 / 5{ renorailzation to XYZ/3D } =

61.20 39 3 69 57056290652548262008687
http://www.mdpi.com...
..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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7/2/2018 11:50:41 AM
Posted: 3 months ago
Pi^5 = 306.01 96 8 47 8528145326274131004344

306.01 96 8 47 / 5{ renorailzation to XYZ/3D } =

61.20 39 3 69 57056290652548262008687
http://www.mdpi.com......
..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }

..."The scientific driving force for this work arises from an interest in understanding the origin of life, because the homochirality of biological molecules is a signature of life."...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

..."Short of constructing a Time Machine, we have no way of elucidating precisely the chain of events that led to life on earth today. What we may do instead is highlight the modern experimental and theoretical work that has attempted to probe these questions. After a brief discussion of the first question, this review focuses primarily on the second of the two questions raised earlier: the discussion of plausible mechanisms for the evolution of molecular homochirality as exemplified by the d-sugars and l-amino acids found in living organisms today."...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
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7/8/2018 4:49:55 PM
Posted: 3 months ago
...."The 61 codons used to code amino acids can be read by many fewer than 61 distinct tRNAs:....
Pi^5/5 = 61.20 39 3 69 57 05 62
.Pi^5 = 306.01 96 84 78 52 81

..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

http://www.mdpi.com......

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }

Many viruses have icosahedral protein shells and the frequency formula for those shells is something Fuller calculated and supplied to the viroligist when they asked understand the geometry of those protein shells.

..."The scientific driving force for this work arises from an interest in understanding the origin of life, because the homochirality of biological molecules is a signature of life."...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

..."Short of constructing a Time Machine, we have no way of elucidating precisely the chain of events that led to life on earth today. What we may do instead is highlight the modern experimental and theoretical work that has attempted to probe these questions. After a brief discussion of the first question, this review focuses primarily on the second of the two questions raised earlier: the discussion of plausible mechanisms for the evolution of molecular homochirality as exemplified by the d-sugars and l-amino acids found in living organisms today."...
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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7/13/2018 3:22:15 PM
Posted: 3 months ago
Duality is abundant everywhere we look.

SPACE (>*<) i (>*<) SPACE

...."The 61 codons used to code amino acids can be read by many fewer than 61 distinct tRNAs:....
Pi^5/5 = 61.20 39 3 69 57 05 62
.Pi^5 = 306.01 96 84 78 52 81

..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

http://www.mdpi.com.........

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }

Many viruses have icosahedral protein shells and the frequency formula for those shells is something Fuller calculated and supplied to the viroligist when they asked understand the geometry of those protein shells.
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron
ebuc
Posts: 2,912
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7/19/2018 3:54:03 PM
Posted: 2 months ago
..."A new find in deep space may explain one of the biggest mysteries here on Earth. Researchers have spotted the first evidence of a chiral molecule"a molecule with two mirror image "twins""in interstellar space. "

http://www.sciencemag.org...
SPACE (>*<) i (>*<) SPACE

...."The 61 codons used to code amino acids can be read by many fewer than 61 distinct tRNAs:....
Pi^5/5 = 61.20 39 3 69 57 05 62
.Pi^5 = 306.01 96 84 78 52 81

..."We now know that 19 of the 20 Amino Acids that make proteins in life are left-handed. opic, geometric figures (equilateral triangles) at various densities.

http://www.mdpi.com.........

The 5-fold icosahedron come in chirality orientations of left and right, as derived from left and right contractions of the 4-fold cubo-octahedron{ Vector Eqilibrum }

Many viruses have icosahedral protein shells and the frequency formula for those shells is something Fuller calculated and supplied to the viroligist when they asked understand the geometry of those protein shells.
" U "niverse > Universe > Universe I -verse < you-verse we-verse > them-verse
Gravitational SPACE ( + )
Dark Energy SPACE )-(
Time >66.4< --frequency ^v^v
Mind/Intellect 12--3-fold 4-fold and 5-fold
Biological *8* --bilateral four's
Spin <left 6 right >---Pitch, Yaw Roll{ 3 * 2 = 6 }
IS >2<--positive and negative tetrhaedron