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Russian Arctic

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7/3/2019 10:39:48 PM
Posted: 2 weeks ago
Russia is historically the world leader in the development of Arctic wealth and the construction of the economy in high latitudes. Since those distant times, When Arkhangelsk city was the main port of the country, The role of the northern territories of Russia was very important for the country's inclusion in world trade. A century later, The north got much more important.

The total area of Arctic possessions of Russia is about 3 million square kilometers (18% of the entire territory of the Russian Federation), Including 2, 2 million square kilometers land, Where live about 2, 4 million of people. It is about 40% of the total population of the entire Arctic.

According to Nikolai Patrushev, The secretary of Security Council of the Russian Federation, The Arctic provides 11% of the national income of Russia and here 22% of the total Russian export is created. Minerals mined in the Arctic, Its proven reserves and probable resources make up the bulk of the mineral resource base of the Russian Federation.

Currently, 100% of diamonds, Antimony, Apatite, Rare earth metals, 95% of gas, 90% of nickel and cobalt, 60% of cuprum and oil are mined in the Arctic zone of Russia, And the total value of proven mineral reserves of the Arctic subsoil`s
mineral raw materials is about 1, 5-2 trillion.

Due to the fact that the development of the Arctic has a serious economic significance, The state intends to strengthen its presence beyond the Arctic Circle and help businesses there. Projects in the Arctic mainly are "long". This is the development of the shelf, The development of large fields and the maintenance of large infrastructure projects. It is all have a life cycle of more than 20 years.

Today in the Arctic policy of Russia the principle of "targeted" support of investment projects in individual mode. For example, This concerns the "Yamal LNG" project, Which today is being implemented at a faster pace.

One of the main tasks and difficulties in the Arctic is infrastructure construction. At the same time, The volume of infrastructure construction in the Arctic region is unprecedented: today, 425 objects have already been built with a total area of more than 700 thousand square meters. No one in the world could carry out such large-scale construction in the conditions of the Far North and permafrost.

At present, The development of extreme tourism in the Arctic conditions has considerable potential. There is a national park "Russian Arctic" in the Arctic zone (located in the northern part of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago and was created in 2009). In 2016, It included "Franz Josef Land", Which is the territory of the nature reserve of federal significance (created in 1994). Moreover, Wrangel Island has a state reserve listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. During the summer months, 10"20 cruise tours are carried out annually in the Arctic, In particular, On the Russian nuclear icebreaker "50 Years of Victory". The total number of tourists is about 2 thousand people.

On April 2, 2019, The State Duma of the Russian Federation in the first reading passed a bill that allows foreign tourists to be landed on shore in a number of ports in the Arctic and the Far East for sightseeing. According to Sergey Galkin, The deputy minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, This measure will increase the flow of tourists in the Russian part of the Arctic in two or three times.
Russia needs the military presence in the region in order to provide its northern frontiers with reliable protection from land, Earth and sea. In connection with this, The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation is paying special attention to its units in the northern region of the country. Separate versions of weapons and equipment have been developed for work in the conditions of the Far North, And the construction of infrastructure facilities for 20 thousand servicemen is being completed.

From December 1, 2014, The joint strategic command "North" has been operating on the basis of the Northern Fleet, Whose task was to protect the national interests of Russia in the Arctic zone. On December 31, 2014, The 80th Separate Arctic Motorized Rifle Brigade was formed as part of the coastal forces of the Northern Fleet at the Alakurtti village (Murmansk region). Groups of troops in the island territories of the Russian Federation in Arctic were formed, Including on Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, The New Siberian Islands, Wrangel Island and Schmidt Cape. Creation of a group of troops in the Arctic allowed the presence of the Russian Federation in strategic areas of the North to be restored and to ensure the safety of economic activities in the region.

It should be noted that according to experts, The future of the world`s economy is in the Arctic and in this regard, The Russian leadership pays great attention to the development of economic projects in the region, Provides diverse support to business projects in the Arctic. Moreover, In order to protect its interests in the region, Russia is developing its military presence in the Far North region.