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Are Thomas Aquinas's five arguments for the existence of God convincing? Explain in detail your thoughts. (I will post a brief synopsis as a comments)

Asked by: WesleyBColeman
Are Thomas Aquinas's five arguments for the existence of God convincing? Explain in detail your thoughts. (I will post a brief synopsis as a comments)
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WesleyBColeman says2020-10-30T06:25:47.250
1 The Argument from Motion:

Evident to our senses in motion—the movement from actuality to potentiality. Things are acted on. (Again, Note that the argument proceeds from empirical evidence; hence it is an à posteriori or an inductive argument. )

Whatever is moved is moved by something else. Potentiality is only moved by actuality. (An actual oak tree is what produces the potentiality of an acorn. )

Unless there is a First Mover, There can be no motions. To take away the actual is to take away the potential. (Hence, Which came first for Aristotle, The chicken or the egg? )

(E. G. , The reason a student has the potential to be awake is that he had (actual) toast for breakfast. Toast has the potential to keep the student awake. But (actual) bread has the potential to become toast, And actual grain has the potential to become bread. Actual water, Dirt, And air have the potential to become grain. To take away any of these actualities is ultimately to take away the potential for the student to be alert. )

(Aquinas is not rejecting an indefinite or an infinite series as such, The idea is that a lower element depends on a higher element as in a hierarchy, Not a temporal series. )

Thus, A First Mover exists.
WesleyBColeman says2020-10-30T06:26:41.820
2 The Argument from Efficient Cause:

There is an efficient cause for everything; nothing can be the efficient cause of itself.

It is not possible to regress to infinity in efficient causes.

To take away the cause is to take away the effect.

If there is no first cause then there will be no others.

Therefore, A First Cause exists (and this is God).
WesleyBColeman says2020-10-30T06:27:28.760
3 The Argument from Necessity:

Since objects in the universe come into being and pass away, It is possible for those objects to exist or for those objects not to exist at any given time.

Since objects are countable, The objects in the universe are finite in number.

If, For all existent objects, They do not exist at some time, Then, Given infinite time, There would be nothing in existence. (Nothing can come from nothing—there is no creation ex nihilo) for individual existent objects.

But, In fact, Many objects exist in the universe.

Therefore, A Necessary Being (i. E. , A Being of which it is impossible that it should not exist) exists.
WesleyBColeman says2020-10-30T06:28:16.870
4 Summary of the Argument from Gradation:

There are different degrees of goodness in different things.

There are different degrees of being in different things—the more being, The more goodness. (The notion of the Great Chain of Being is being presupposed. )

For there to be degrees of being at all, There must be something which has “being” in the highest degree.

Therefore, A Being in the Highest Degree or Perfect Being exists.

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