Both generalization and specialization plays a role in our life. In today's era where everyday something new rise up,so one should know that things not in brief ,but should have some idea about that new thing to match up the world. But to get success in particular field one has to become specialist on that field. Hence,both are important in our life
I am an Engineer, when I was a student I thought that is it required to study all the subjects? I thought it was not useful for me. But when I brought to do my Masters, I realized that all subjects are useful. Someone may specialize in one particular but everyone must be generalize.
Actually i think that both generalization and specialization are required.One can not stick on one particular things because in today's era you should be known all the basic things about any subject.If we take one example that person occurs some symptoms on his skin then we first go to the physician not to a surgeon.
In todays fast paced world nobody can be a master of anything. The simple reason being there are developments coming up every day in every field. But, definitely one can stay updated on any subject that interests him the most. Having an overall knowledge of all aspects is always best. Humans in current society are facing variety of problems. One should have an all round background knowledge to decide wisely on things.
In our daily life both the things are necessary.In the point of Generalization we should be in above average in all stuff.Why because we cant help our life style being as specialization.If Person is specialist in accounting or family budget planning then remaining things like family events and spirituality goes dump.
In point of specialization we cant help our business and profession being generalization,Why because little bit knowledge will not serve any purpose in that particular era.So, we need specialist in that area.
Specialization in a particular field is a must have in this era...But only if you want to sell your soul for 40+ years doing the same redundant work just to make the owner richer.
Generalisation is required for doing any kind of work at any point of time and is a number one quality of any entrepreneur's success. If a person can tackle any hindrance of business to some limit instead of just being able to overcome one area like Sales, he will be poor for the rest of his life..
N my opinion most people that are specialists are far more capable that people that consider themselves generalists. A specialist has put the time and energy necessary into studying a topic to come close to mastering it, this process develops other useful skills. A generalist pursues whatever whims occur, they may branch out further than a specialist, but in an environment with several specialists of different areas, it would seem hard to find a role for the generalist. In an "all-by-myself" situation it might be more useful to be above-average at everything; in a community setting, it seems more sensible to be average in most areas and far-above-average in others.
I remember the days when if I fell ill, my mother would take me to a
general physician. The doctor would prescribe some medicines as per his
initial diagnosis of the illness and past experience. In case of a
failure in effectiveness of the medicine, other options were sought to
address the illness. Zooming ahead to 2012, today we look at
specialization in all fields. Today if the child’s ear is blocked the
mother will take him to an ENT specialist.
Laws of economics support the practice, whereby, specialization and
division of labor is expected to provide highest levels of productivity.
This idea was, first, put forth by Mr. Adam Smith, the father of modern
economics, in his book ‘Wealth of the Nations’. Under this regime each
worker becomes an expert in one isolated area of production, thus
increasing his efficiency. The fact that laborers do not have to switch
tasks during the day further saves time and money. Specialization has
also been the basis of trade between nations. The countries specialized
in commodities that their resources could produce efficiently and then
proceeded to trade. It was observed that the world productivity levels
The world today is shifting from demanding a “jack of all trades” to
demanding the “master”. The abundance of information in today’s world
leads to any person adept at internet search skills is able to provide a
general perspective about any topic under the sun. The need is to be
able to provide an in-depth idea about the topic. Also, the level of
competition in today’s world leaves no scope for error and thereby,
comes the demand for specialization. With a team of such specialists,
the performance delivered tends to have been scrutinized from the
different perspectives, leaving lesser scope for flaws.
The shift to specialization has influenced the growth of new industries
and markets. It has also influenced our lifestyle, career choices and
decisions. The need of the hour today is to hone the skill that exists
nowhere but in yourself and thereby making oneself indispensable.
Generalization is a good thing. When you know a lot of nonspecific stuff about something, you are more likely to find a place in the world. If you are so specific that only one or two places will know what you are about and accept you, it makes life extremely hard.
In some cases generalization is required while in some cases specialization is required. Firstly If u talk about generalization if you look at the area of your life, it doesn’t make sense to specialize. What is the point of becoming extremely good in your financial life if your health, relationships or spirituality are in the dumps? Balance across all areas of your life is essential, so specialization here doesn’t really work.
If u look at specialization point of view , If you are getting heart surgery you want the doctor that is an expert in heart surgery, not someone who knows a little about surgery, a little about carpentry and a little about accounting. Specialization in business or career focuses is very important.
It is the specialisation that is needed particularly in the field of research. Generalisation can only help spread the already in-use technologies but specialisation help develop a new technology. Also one cannot expect the very difficult task to be performed by a generalist unless he spent a labourious time acquiring the knowledge for the same.