Rulers (governments) have the responsibility to provide education, to educate the masses. 'Let careful attention be paid to education in schools, inculcating in it especially the filial and fraternal duties, and grey-haired men will not be seen upon the roads, carrying burdens on their backs or on their heads.' (Mencius 1.3) Only through education correct values be instilled in the people. Of course there are other reasons why education must be provided, but this is by far the most important one.
Yes, everyone has the right to eduation and I even think it's indicated in the Charter of Human Rights. It is proven that a society which offers its citizens access to education has a better chance of fighting poverty and a shot to good governance. Anyone should have access, it should be a priority.
Everyone has the right to an education, it's not a privilege for those who can afford it or live in a particular neighborhood or region. Education is an investment in our children and our workforce that will benefit everyone in the long-term, and everyone should have that opportunity to help produce a better world.
Not only that, but everyone has the right to open their minds to whatever their dreams want to take them. If someone wants to be an engineer or a lawyer or nurse, they should be able to pursue that education as far as their dreams will take them.
Sure sometimes people flunk out, or maybe they find a particular subject/major that isn't the right fit for them. But everyone should be given a chance to open their minds to the possibility of their future. It's in everyone's best interest to make education reform a priority for our next generation.
I'm sure there will be a lot of flack for this, but here it goes...Legally, there is not only no mention of education in the constitution (especially the bill of rights) about education, but also the Federal Supreme court does not recognize a tax-payer funded education program as a right. Morally, a right is something that all humans are born with and are inalienable (side note: without religion, it's difficult to define what rights you are or are not born with, so I will leave religion out of this). They are things that, as human beings, we are morally entitled just for having been born and are equal among all. Unfortunately, education isn't on that list. If so, under what basis is that assumption made. It is not the role of the government. The government was made under the intention that it's only role was to protect the rights of the people from threats both external and domestic. In the drafting of that government, education was not mentioned once, even though schools did exist. We, as a nation over time, keep choosing to give the govt more and more power, and all that happens in return is more and more people who become dependent on the government, so it becomes more and more of a nanny state.
Of course there is no question that better education and more access to it would have a positive impact on the country, but that doesn't make it a right. I also believe that it would be great if everyone in the world had a nice house, clean water, nice clothes, access to technology, etc., but that doesn't make it the government's job to supply everyone with those things. The government's only job was supposed to be to make sure that everyone's rights were protected, allowing them the freedom to work to better their own lives and seek happiness for themselves. The issue most of the nation has with this is the fact that with freedom, comes responsibility and that your choices in life actually do matter. Instead of taking responsibility for our own lives by working to provide ourselves with food/shelter/education, we would rather the government give it to us for free by saying that it's our right to have it. They believe that it's the government's job to make sure that everyone ends up with the same outcome in life, regardless of their choices, all under the guise of "fairness".
Is that it is very much like the question, "Is Atheism a Crime?" Well, of course atheism is a crime, but it's a crime in very few places and It's morally wrong to outlaw atheism (at least in my opinion). When discussing whether education is a universal right or not, we have to consider countries like Somalia, Niger, and Liberia. With nearly 2/3 of the poorest girls in Pakistan not attending school, you could safely say that no, education is not a universal right.
But it SHOULD be. In fact, I personally blame a lack of education for poverty worldwide. Gackhammer even said, "It's in everyone's best interest to make education reform a priority for our next generation." making it plainly clear that education cannot be found everywhere.
In conclusion, "Is education a universal right" and "Is Atheism a Crime" are not judicious questions because they're beside the point. We should be asking "why" or "should," but not "is."