Free will is an illusion, because physically speaking in our universe free will can not exist*. Why do you choose something? Is it because its more favorable? To prove a point? When you break it down your brain is running a bunch of calculations that involve tons various factors. Sound familiar? Well like a computer, your brain has inputs (eyes, ears, etc.) and it runs through a bunch of disorganized calculations to result in an output (you saying something or doing something, etcetera), only it is a lot more complicated because it has an output of over 2.2 million floating point operations per second.
Back to physics, in our universe it is impossible for free will to exist because despite that anything atom sized and smaller are influenced by randomness constantly, they have no choice over what is happening, even though it is random.
Think about Schrodinger's Cat, an experiment where a cat has a 50% chance of dying and the same chance of surviving unharmed. The cat, like any small particle, has no free will over this random event. So therefore we have no free will and free will can't exist. Though all free will, luckily for you, will almost always be what you want. Your brain is on your side (mostly) after all.
*Note by in this universe I mean that some physicists theorize multiple, infinitely sized universe in which physics behaves differently.
There are no actions, words or thoughts which come from nothingness. They are each influenced while we are in our mother's womb until the day we die, from DNA or memories (of which we have no free will over either).
Show me an example of free will and I'll show you an illusion of the mind, influenced either from your DNA or your memories.
I dare say it's not all roses. Believing in free will is not unlike the olden days, where we attributed the rains, moods of people and the flying of birds to acts of mystical forces. It has it's uses, but it's time to move on. Believing in free will actually blocks rationally assessing a situation and predisposes people to play the blame and hate game. It's not just about responsibility, we want to actually hate and blame people for their actions, as if they made them up in some sort of vacuum. If free will is an illusion we will rationally view misdoings as being part of the overall system - failure thereof - and take actions to prevent this, instead of just patting ourselves on our backs and demonizing the actors. It has no value whatsoever and it needs to go if we ever want to have a stable and productive society. It's not that hard: decisions can be made, responsibility stays, it's just the 'free' part that leaves (And with it, basically, you, as independent agent. Hint: you are not.)
Free will is just an illusion that is imposed upon us so that we don't see that we are slaves of our own society. We are formed by our society. We follow the rules that it has forced upon us, we respect its values, we dress the way it's appropriate for our society, the way we speak ,walk etc. If you think you're a completely free individual the try to answer this question. Place an adjective on the line, that is truthfully describes you and only for you, not anyone else on the planet:
Science has continually proven that something has to come from something, with the only challenge being the original creation of the "big bang". Therefore humans and animals were created from the particles as planets, just constructed differently. Through the millennia we have evolved to have brains in which give us the illusion of freedom of will. Yet this is not possible, our brains are simply the nodes for electrical/chemical signals to traverse enable to move our mass and continue our existence. Although I would like to believe we have the freedom of choice, we simply do not on a biological standpoint. The neurons in you head simply take the shortest path from point A to point B, and depending on the seemingly random events in your life, point A and point B vary from being to being.
I bet you think you have total free will whether or not to read my argument. I bet you think you have total free will as to what kind of music you listen to. I bet you think you can choose what kind of food you eat, or what kind of book you read. That’s not true. It’s all false. Your choice as to whether you have free will as to whether or not to read my argument is governed by so many different factors that I won’t even bother counting out: there’s wifi, your schedule, the amount of Opinions available that interest you, or even (if you are reading this for homework) the amount of arguments you have to use in your essay. Every choice you make has already had most of its options eliminated by a whole array of different factors: what your society accepts, how tight your schedule is, how many people you have ogling your screen, to name just a few. I’m not saying that free will by itself does not exist – you do have free will to some extent – you can choose to skip my next sentence or to read it twice, but you cannot choose to stop breathing, or to drink the same water twice. Free will exists, total free will doesn’t.
Philosophical stances on free will usually end up debating around the semantics of knowledge. A person can't necessarily know (at this given point in time) everything that could possibly happen in the universe. The claim after that statement is the lack of knowledge results in a free will to decide certain actions. Equating that lack of knowledge to free will is logically unsound. It sounds a lot like an argumentum ad ignorantiam. Beyond that, it claim doesn't lead or support the conclusion. Just because a person isn't consciously able to understand the inevitable outcomes of X, Y, or Z, doesn't mean they can change the outcome. In that sense, it actually supports the idea that free will is an illusion, because the illusion is lack of knowledge in the first place. From a scientific aspect, there is little doubt about free will. Time and the things that occur within that timeframe are deterministic and follow natural laws. The mind is formed by the deterministic world and to claim people have free will because of the lack of understanding of the natural universe and how people function within it doesn't equate to "free will exists." From a religious standpoint (primarily the Abrahamic religions) free will can't exist. Assuming there is a god (merely using the vague term), and that God is omniscient (of the past and future), people have no say in what they do. They can do what they will, but not choose what they will.
We all know that Nature and Nurture are the causes of personality development, whether it's genetics, family, culture, society and brain structure. Conditioning and morality development are things we can't control. But we do feel as if we make choices, but this is just a subjective experience, the same way as happiness is felt but doesn't physically exist.
From both a scientific and philosophical point of view, free will is merely an illusion brought forth by our ignorance and failure to comprehend the complexity of the deterministic factors that create it. Neuroscience has shown that before one makes a conscious decision, a flurry of activity occurs in the brain. Science in general assumes a deterministic world, and so far this has proven rather effective. The behavior of subatomic particles according to physical laws that determine the reactions between chemicals in the brain such as neurotransmitters that eventually give rise to our minds. It is, of course not the constituents themselves but rather the way they are arranged that creates conscious experience. From a philosophical point of view, it is impossible, even within a dualistic framework, for freedom of will to truly exist. As Schopenhauer has noted: "A man can do as he will, but not will as he will". In other words, even though human beings can freely execute their actions according to their will, their will itself is not under human control. One can suppose a will transcending this will, but this is ridiculous and absurd, as it only begs the question. We are clearly rational agents capable of reasoning and evaluating their environment and assessing what to do, but why and how we choose what we do is determined by genetic predisposition, instinctual needs, evolutionary adaptations, the laws of nature, and, of course, reason itself. Thus, I conclude that under any framework that presupposes time and space we do not free will, as we are limited by space and time. It is, in my mind, almost certain that free will is ultimately an illusion.
Free will is an illusion, for do you really dictate your own will? No, you are a slave to your morale. Your morale is what really dictates what your "personal choice" and your "will" are. And your morale is determined through life by actions taken around you. There is no true "will" involved.
The idea that anyone could suggest that free will does not exist seems very ludicrous to me. Are you trying to suggest that even now as I sit here typing this statement I am being dictated by electric signals in my mind to continue typing this because of my biological and chemical make-up? No. I am typing this because I feel like typing it, I have made the decision. It was in my will. It is possible and relatively easy for people to go against their own nature and do something they would not ordinarily do, but it always begins with a decision. You could go upstairs or downstairs right now and if you have someone in the house with you, you could kill them right now if you chose to do so. You choose not to do so not only because you clearly care about them and have a connection to them, but because it is not in your will to do it. It is not impossible for you to kill them, and it is not impossible for you not to kill them. The decision in whether you choose to kill them or not lies in your willingness to do so, not because of your morale, character, or personality. Sometimes even the most moral and loving of people turn bad. Sometimes people who have never committed a crime in their life suddenly make the decision to do something horribly wrong.
Free will is not an illusion. It is very real. If we were to suppose it as an illusion, then we would have to assume life and existence an illusion as well, which then delves into philosophical territory.
Thus, to assume our lives, existence, and consciousness as real we must also assume that as cognizant beings we also have the capacity to make our own choices.
On one hand, you could argue that we are the sum of our parts, our bodies, our minds, and our influences, and that our minds merely make choices on the calculations of our outside world. However, I believe that this does not account for human spirituality, which is an unknown force that has time and again conquered impossible odds. The realm of science is a realm of proof, tangibility, solidity, and the ability to argue theories. However, the realm of spirituality and religion is one of supposition, hypotheses, and assumption. Both have some very strong drawbacks - and in this case, science cannot fully explore or understand the unknown. Because it is unknown science itself cannot prove it does not exist. I believe it does exist, because if it doesn't, then the development of the entire human race is one hell of an accident out of a trillion. Because of this, I believe that free will exists in one's spirit, and that it plays a strong influence on our minds and our bodies, and on the world around us.
No, free will is not an illusion – it’s just easier and less work to go with the status quo rather than muster the will to make your own choices in life. Everyone has the right and the ability to make choices in their lives, some a bit more easily than others, but the choices are still theirs to make. Life will tend to make our choices for us if we do not have the strength of character to make them ourselves. Nothing requires more work and effort than being the master of your own destiny.
Free Will is the idea that you can do anything that you want to do. Whether you will get punished by society for any acton, that is a different question. There are things that are unachievable by humans, but these are physical challenges. The fact that you can go against what is right or what is perceived to be right by society and the people around you is proof that free will does exist.
Free will is not absolute in the sense that you could do anything. Everyone is limited. However, free will is real in the sense that there is ALWAYS a choice. The reason it might seem like an illusion is because typically one choice is easier than the other, making the decision making predicatable.
You may claim the we don't have a free will, only an illusion thereof. But then you would have to show us the entity that is actually making all our choices for us. Someone must be making our choices anyway, if we are not. That someone must also be able to create the illusion into our minds.
We cannot be fooling ourselves, as that would also require a choice, which we supposedly cannot make.
If you think you free will is an illusion that means you will be careless about your life leading to unsuccessful life. But when you believe its not an illusion then you will take responsibility for your actions resulting in making you confidence and successful in your life.
Just my opinion BTW
A) Out brains are made of certain chemicals.
B) These chemicals abide by certain scientific laws in the ways they react.
C) These predetermined chemical interactions on the micro scale cause predetermined results on a macro scale.
D) Our decisions are predetermined.
A) All results from a system either have a logical cause or they don't.
B) if the results have a logical cause, they are predetermined, as the results of a logical problem where the conditions are known are always predictable.
C) If the results do not have a logical cause, they are random.
D) All people that I have encountered who are pro free will would say that predetermination is not free will.
E) Most people that I have encountered who are pro free will would say that randomness is not free will either.
F) As 'free will' does not fit either of these and we saw from clauses A. B and C that it is a contradiction for anything to be not predetermined (the result of a logical cause and simultaneously not random (the result of no logical cause), the idea of free will itself is contradictory.
If free will is an illusion nothing anyone does matters and I was "destined" to pick no and write these words. Free will as an illusion seems to be the easy way out for not accepting responsibility for actions with the excuse I was meant to act in that way and so I should not be held accountable.
In the end does it even matter?