Argument 1: Common Sense Intuition: Humans appear to have choice, so the burden of proof lies on those disputing what is experienced as true by billions.
Argument 2: An ought implies a can, and a cannot implies an ought not. Without free will, the agent cannot control what it does, so cannot be held morally responsible. Hence moral responsibility fails. And, without moral responsibility, the reactive attitudes such as praise, blame, contempt, admiration, lack foundation as well.
Argument 3: In general, evolutionary processes select for traits with adaptive benefit to the organism. The appearance of free will, if lacking causal efficacy, will have no adaptive benefit. So, probably, evolutionary processes would not select for organisms wasting resources generating epiphenomenal experiences of choice.
Argument 4: beliefs are considered knowledge when reasons cause those beliefs, and not considered knowledge when blind processes cause those beliefs. If free will is false, the beliefs of knowers do not cause the conclusions of knowers, rather, those beliefs are caused by blind microphysical processes determined to occur prior to birth. So, humans would have no knowledge. So, those who know free will is false would not know that. So, the belief that free will is false is self-stultifying.
From what I've seen, most of the arguments against free will derive their power in hypotheticals. "Hypothetically", if you were in two universes and told to do the same thing, you would do it. Except... Maybe you wouldn't. Maybe in one of the supposedly infinite universes out there, you don't do the same thing. You say, "Eh, heck this, I'm going out for ice cream," or something. The point is, there are infinite possibilities of what you can do, and you could follow the pattern of the other universes or stray from it. No one knows. Hence, "hypothetically," you do the same thing. This is baseless for this reason alone. Because it cannot be proven, nor will it.
Others use the intersection example, where you can't choose any other road to go to your desired destination if you want to get to work. Except you can. You can decide to not pay your bills, to not visit your mom in the hospital, and you can especially decide not to take the route to work in the morning. But, punishment. However, there is nothing saying you can't take another route to work in the morning. Take a different road. Make a longer commute. Get your shoes shined. And if you think this doesn't make a difference, then this is telltale of a lack of understanding for the importance of appreciating the small things. There is free choice; just because there are consequences for it doesn't mean the choice isn't there, otherwise you're deluding yourself.
Onto another argument: our thoughts have bases. Yes. They do. But what other human on earth has those exact same thoughts, experiences, and values, all at the same time, all the time, perfectly in-sync with anyone else? No one. We all have variables. This is what makes us individuals. By the way, even if others made the same choices as us all the time, we'd still be in charge of making that choice. No one is pre-programming us. If I feel the urge to get a burger because I caught a glint off a BK billboard, and decide to go eat, that isn't me being brainwashed, that's me having the urge to eat, and deciding to go get something. I still have the choice to.
Some say free will doesn't work, but it does. I was just about to type that I could go outside and smoke but choose to stay inside, but I said "screw it" and smoked, just to see what it was like to go against the urge to stay inside. Wasn't fulfilling, didn't get much out of it, but it happened. Free will works. Boom.
Now, for the last one: if you were put into the exact same situation twice, would you make the same choice? Yes. I would. Because that was the exact same situation, meaning that it would've had to be the exact same point in time, meaning I've already made that choice. Hence, repetition.
There is no overly compelling reason why free will would not be possible. Yes having free will is different than the deterministic nature of the physical world, but just because something is different does not mean it is impossible. Conscious experience itself is different, but that does not mean it doesn't/can't exist. The notion that a person's consciousness can make a choice between 2 or more options without being determined by an outside influence is not only logically possible, but seems to be the way our minds work.
I believe free will is not just possible, free will exists. If there is no free will, then moral language would be meaningless. We don't moralize to machines or animals. When a vending machine fails to deliver your drink or snack, you don't appeal to its conscience or tell it to go to confession, you kick it. If humans do not have free will, then there is no moral responsibility. And if there is no moral responsibility, there is no civilization. If all we have are animal instincts, then the strongest instinct would always win, but sometimes it doesn't.
I do not believe in it but I can not deny that it has made me think about it a lot. I mean, when you think about it, we should not even exist. What even are we? Are we the information that is processed in the brain? Are we some physical part of the brain? Why do we exist? Why do we feel like we have control? I think there is a core idea in the universe we have yet to understand. And it is about ourselves. Because there is so much we do not understand about ourselves, I think free will is possible.
Well it's our actions that speaks louder than words. Depending how far you can go, your actions will be a testament on your own personal character, if we had no will at all we would all be slaves and zombies or robots with no control over our own life.
If thats what society wants is to be spoonfed, then people who choose to control their own will will rather be dead than to be subjected to torture by being less in control in their lives.
If we had no free will, then we will never have this debate in the first place. Surely free will is too painful to experience but that is the price you will pay for your freedom of expression.
It may sound trivial but others see it as a work of art.
It is generally agreed that quantum effects are truly random, (perhaps the only things that are). Quantum effects demonstrably have consequences in the macro-world. Therefore strict determinism cannot be correct - when the clock started ticking it was literally impossible to predict the full state of the universe, even one second later. Not because we are not clever enough, but because there are truly random effects confounding even an omniscient and omnipotent being.
This does not mean that we have free will, but it leaves the question open, and condemns Determinism, in all its forms to the dustbin.
I gave this judgement because human is easily affected by various factors. You make a decision based on your feeling and thinking once in a blue moon . I will take my country as an example. In my country, before getting married , you have to bring your partner to introduce with parents. If your parents don't give eye to eye on your idea partner, you have to break up with her/him ,but if you are determined to get married with your partner at all cost, from time to time you will be abadoned by your parents and to name but a few. Or in my country, free will seems to be impossibile because not only is freedom of speech also held back but also demonstration is forbbiden. From my perspective, free will is out of the question in some parts of the world , but that doesn't mean free will doesn't exist.
I believe what we have is functionally free will, But there is a certain caveat to this idea. To explain this, I will bring up how random numbers come to be. Much in the way that there is not such thing as truely random numbers, As each random situation is just the amalgamation of hundreds, If not thousands, Of variables coming together to produce the number. The number is not truely random, But it is so close to unpredictable that we still agree to call it random. In the same regards, There are millions of variables that lead to a person making a choice, But functionally speaking, The person is making the choice. Thus we have what is functionally free will.
I don't know enough to prove anything, and I sort of think nobody will get a good answer on this. I think it COULD be possible; it COULD be impossible. Since it could possibly be possible, free will is a possibility of a possibility, and therefore a smaller but REAL possibility. Which makes the answer a YES for me.
Even if I tried to prove free will impossible, I really wouldn't be able to ascertain anything with my finitely complex mind, since the nature of the universe is too infinite. Without being able to eliminate possible free will as a possibility, I can't eliminate just free will as a possibility. So it's possible.
I kinda repeated myself with a little add-on about impossibility of knowledge. Neat....And lazy. I'll post something later when I have more brain energy.
Essentially, humans are no different than the rest of the universe. Boiled down, we are nothing but advanced chemistry. Mental states(let's say you are crabby and decide to snap at someone) are brain states, and brain states are biological states, and the biological is physical... And the physical world is deterministic, to a large extent. For example, if we knew all the factors, variables, etc that affected the weather, we'd be able to predict the weather with 100% accuracy. However, we can not, which is why weather forecasts, as some may find, lack of dependability.
The quantum level may be indeterministic in nature. Some would argue that would make everything else indeterministic, thus free will for us is possible. However, just because it's indeterministic doesn't mean free will is any more likely to exist. This would imply that our actions are random/can not be determined, and that's not the case at all.
Hypothetically, your driving your car and come to an intersection. This would imply that you have a choice of which direction you can go (free will). Problem is, only one road will take you to your desired destination, so you were never going to take any other road (no choice). That is life.
Note: Some may think this would just be a reason to get out of punishment. That they could claim they had no choice. Thing is, if you accept that everything is inevitable, then so is the punishment.
While everyone chooses what they will do next, will I take a shower? Will I go out to eat? Should I go to sleep now, or study a bit more? In the end, necessity is what drives us. We will eat when we're hungry, sleep when we're tired or stay up if we have a deadline. Our need for something sweet (because we do need sugar) makes us go buy an ice cream. Our need for entertainment makes us go see a movie. When everything you do is based on a need, even if you make the final choices in the end, like which movie are you going to see, or what kind of dessert you will get, is it really free will?
Consider the question: “ In exactly the same situation would you make exactly the same decision every time?”
Suppose the answer is yes. In this case your decisions are essentially a function of your surroundings. You take an input which is all the information about your situation and turn it into an output which is your decision. All you are doing is following a set of rules which have been running in your brain since birth like a computer program. I do not think most people would consider this to be free will.
Now suppose that the answer is no. Since there was nothing different about the situation the difference in outcome must be due to random chance. In other words every decision you make is a random event. Personally I can’t consider this free will as you are just doing things as chance dictates no different to a radioactive nucleus.
If you put the same person into the same room and ask him to do the exact same thing, in 2 different (hypothetical) universes, the outcome would be identical. How we act/choose and thus our 'will' is based on a great amount of factors, many of which are beyond our control. Though it is us that is making the choice, this choice would always be the same. Our thoughts and actions are based on what we see around us, and what has influenced us throughout our life. Therefore though we may perceive what we are doing as under our own volition, it is truly based on our influences and thus not properly of our own 'free will'.
Now we can all agree that free will is not ever going to be achieved in todays world because what happens after is devastating, it will cause a State of Nature and a complete governmental shutdown now lets focus on why a complete governmental shutdown is bad, first it will cause Economic downfall/claps which fails the country than a state of nature is even worse there is no trade,law, or leadership which is going to cause a state of panic leading to rioting or gang takeovers/tribal agreements than it will cause other countries to attack the current checkpoint and than there government will run that section