A "learner's permit" IS a license- it is just a conditional license with a distinct expiration date.
The Constitution guarantees US citizens the right to travel- it does NOT guarantee you can travel any way you choose under any conditions. The mode of travel CAN be regulated- just like air travel has rules and regulations, so too does automotive travel. Those who cite "right to travel" as a right to drive without licensure are severely confused on the law. Now, if the government required a passport to travel from state to state- THAT would be an unconstitutional restriction of right to travel.
The states have the right and responsibility to regulate travel means in order to ensure the safety and well being of the populace.
Blacks law dictionary defines a driver we as, "one who is EMPLOYED to operate a motor vehicle". And a motor vehicle is defined as, "any contrivance propelled or pulled by horse or mechanical power AND USED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES on the public highway" -United Stated Code title 18 section 31 definition (6)
"Personal liberty largely consists of the Right of locomotion to go where and when one pleases only so far restrained as the Rights of others may make it necessary for the welfare of all other citizens. The Right of the Citizen to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, by horsedrawn carriage, wagon, or automobile, is not a mere privilege which may be permitted or prohibited at will, but the common Right which he has under his Right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Under this Constitutional guarantee one may, therefore, under normal conditions, travel at his inclination along the public highways or in public places, and while conducting himself in an orderly and decent manner, neither interfering with nor disturbing another's Rights, he will be protected, not only in his person, but in his safe conduct." [emphasis addedII Am.Jur. (1st) Constitutional Law, Sect.329, p.1135.
"Personal liberty consists of the power of locomotion, of changing situations, of removing one's person to whatever place one's inclination may direct, without imprisonment or restraint unless by due process of law." 1 Blackstone's Commentary 134; Hare, Constitution. 777; Bovier's Law Dictionary, 1914 ed., Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed.
But yes it is, for legally means legally which refers to the government being a troll and giving us meaningless paperwork that is suppose to be legit "evidence" because they simply want us to have the documents and stuff because we have too many failures of a drivers who literally need to know what it takes to be a designated driver especially when the world has gone down the dumpster with fail drivers who don't know how to drive properly as the government needs to protect us from ourselves, the crazy nutjobs who can't drive which is why we need "legal" stuff to prove our innocence and ban the opinion section. Thank you
In many states someone can drive with a permit. To drive with a permit is legal. But it may require someone with a license to be in the vehicle. In some states, people can drive on a parking lot without a license or permit. I don't think there are any states where one can drive on the street with no permit or license.