The actual problem is that the Biblical story of Adam and Eve seems perfectly clear that they were the only human beings on the planet immediately following their creation. The relevant verses are Genesis 2:4-8: In the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, when no plant of the field was yet in the earth and no herb of the field had yet sprung up–for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was no one to till the ground; but a stream would rise from the earth, and water the whole face of the ground–then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being. That there was “no one to till the ground” certainly suggests that there were no other humans around at the time. And that God first formed man from the dust of the ground prior to breathing life into him shows that it was the origin of Adam’s (and shortly Eve’s) physical form that was being accounted for, and not just his spiritual condition. Biologists, however, have shown through genetic analyses that there was never a time when the human population numbered two. Rather, the most conservative estimates for the minimum size of a genetic bottleneck is around two thousand.