The innate triats bring about a successful leader.
He great man theory is a 19th-century idea according to which history can be largely explained by the impact of great men, Or heroes; highly influential individuals who, Due to either their personal charisma, Intelligence, Wisdom, Or political skill used their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact.
The great man theory of leadership became popular during the 19th-century. The mythology behind some of the world's most famous leaders such as Abraham Lincoln, Julius Caesar, Mahatma Gandhi and Alexander the Great helped contribute to the notion that great leaders are born and not made. In many examples, It seems as if the right man for the job seems to emerge almost magically to take control of a situation and lead a group of people into safety or success.
Historian Thomas Carlyle also had a major influence on this theory of leadership, At one point stating that, "The history of the world is but the biography of great men. " According to Carlyle, Effective leaders are those gifted with divine inspiration and the right characteristics.
Some of the earliest research on leadership looked at people who were already successful leaders. These individuals often included aristocratic rulers who achieved their position through birthright. Because people of a lesser social status had fewer opportunities to practice and achieve leadership roles, It contributed to the idea that leadership is an inherent ability.
Even today, People often describe prominent leaders as having the right qualities or personality for the position, Implying that inherent characteristics are what make these people effective leaders.
Arguments Against the Great Man Theory of Leadership
Sociologist Herbert Spencer suggested that the leaders were products of the society in which they lived. In The Study of Sociology, Spencer wrote, "you must admit that the genesis of a great man depends on the long series of complex influences which has produced the race in which he appears, And the social state into which that race has slowly grown. . . . Before he can remake his society, His society must make him. "
One of the key problems with the great man theory of leadership is that not all people who possess the so-called natural leadership qualities actually become great leaders. If leadership was simply an inborn quality, Then all people who possess the necessary traits would eventually find themselves in leadership roles. Research has instead found that leadership is a surprisingly complex subject and that numerous factors influence how successful a particular leader may or may not be. Characteristics of the group, The leader in power and the situation all interact to determine what type of leadership is needed and the effectiveness of this leadership.
Neuroplasticity is how well the brain can be molded. Therefore one can develop leadership skills. "In studying thousands of students, Psychology professor Carol Dweck found that they could be placed into two groups: one group believed that innate abilities were fixed; the other believed that their abilities such as IQ were modifiable. " - Brain Builders by Frank Minirth, MD. The second group out performed the first consistently.
We all know by tracing the births and childhoods of many great leaders that some are born perfectly ripe for the task. Others, However, Are not. But in any case, The main matter is that all leaders are developed. While some are born with the traits of leaders, No great leader is simply born entirely ready to lead, And it is via years of learning and experience that leadership skills are cultivated.
Unless the country is a patriarchy/matriarchy where leadership is determined by birth, Someone who is far from born into politics can be the leader. Sure, Some factors at birth can help that along like family wealth and name but even that does not assure you to be a leader of a nation.