Favorite Imperial Cult or "deified" individual?

Posted by: PetersSmith

The Emperor protects...Apparently so does George Washington. I'm not including Jesus to prevent a flame war, so don't complain atheists. Also, a cult of personality arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods, to create an idealized, heroic, and at times, worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise; and thus do not apply.

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7 Total Votes
1

Imperial cult (Roman)

The Imperial cult of ancient Rome identified emperors and some members of their families with the divinely sanctioned authority of the Roman State. The framework for the Imperial cult was formulated during the early Principate of Augustus, and was r... apidly established throughout the Empire and its provinces, with marked local variations in its reception and expression.Augustus' reforms transformed Rome's Republican system of government to a de facto monarchy, couched in traditional Roman practices and Republican values. The princeps was expected to balance the interests of the Roman military, Senate and people, and to maintain peace, security and prosperity throughout an ethnically diverse empire. The official offer of cultus to a living emperor acknowledged his office and rule as divinely approved and constitutional: his Principate should therefore demonstrate pious respect for traditional Republican deities and mores.A deceased emperor held worthy of the honor could be voted a state divinity by the Senate and elevated as such in an act of apotheosis   more
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2

Japanese Imperial Cult

Japanese Emperors were claimed, at least by some Shintoists, including government officials, to be divine descendants of the goddess Amaterasu. Hirohito, the Showa emperor, repudiated the "false conception" of his divinity in the Humanity Declaratio... n in 1945   more
1 vote
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3

Hong Xiuquan

Chinese man who claimed he was the younger brother of Jesus, and thus a son of God. Led the Taiping Rebellion, conquering a large part of China before defeat and suicide.
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4

I don't find the Imperial Cults or "deified individuals" interesting.

You say that now, but you just wait until Caesar Augustus returns and brings the full fury of Mars upon your happy (censored).
1 vote
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5

Cult of the Kumari

These are little girls who are worshipped by both Hindus and Buddhists as the incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Durga (Nepali Taleju) in Nepal. They are picked when they are prepubescent and are worshipped until they reach puberty. Their cult is in S... outh Asian countries, especially in Nepal   more
1 vote
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6

George Washington

Worshiped as a kami in Hawaiian Shinto shrines. In the United States Capitol dome, he is also depicted ascending into Heaven and becoming a god, in the famous painting called The Apotheosis of Washington.
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7

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

Seleucid ruler (reigned 175-164); the only Seleucid king to claim divine honors, calling himself Theos Epiphaneus "God Manifest" and Nikephoros "Bringer of Victory." Nearly conquered Ptolemaic Egypt, the primary rival of the Seleucids among the Diad... ochi states. Famously attempted to impose ancient Greek religion on the Jews by persecution, leading to the Maccabean Revolt; remembered as a major persecutor in Jewish tradition   more
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8

Cult of the Mother Goddess Mary

In 300 AD she was worshiped as a Mother Goddess in the Christian sect Collyridianism, which was found throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Collyridianism was made up mostly of women followers and female priests. Followers of Collyridianism were known t... o make bread and wheat offerings to the Virgin Mary, along with other sacrificial practices. The cult was heavily condemned as heretical and schismatic by other Christians and was preached against by Epiphanius of Salamis, who discussed the group in his recollective writings titled Panarion   more
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9

Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia

Among most followers of the Rastafari movement, Haile Selassie is seen as the second coming of Jesus Christ, God incarnate, the Black Messiah and "Earth's Rightful Ruler" who will also lead African peoples to freedom. Rastas say that his royal title... s (i.E. King of Kings, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah, and Root of David) were prophesied as belonging to the returned Messiah in Revelation 5:5. Their faith in his divinity first appeared in Jamaica, soon after his 1930 coronation in Addis Ababa.[30] Before his coronation he was called Ras (meaning Prince) Tafari   more
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10

Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, Duke of Edinburgh

According to ancient tales, the son of a mountain spirit travelled over the seas to a distant land. There he married a powerful lady and in time would return to them. He was sometimes said to be a brother to John Frum of another local cargo cult. T... he people of the Yaohnanen area believe that Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the consort to Queen Elizabeth II, is a divine being. They had seen the respect accorded to Queen Elizabeth II by the colonial officials and concluded that her husband, Prince Philip, must be the son referred to in their legends. It is unclear just when this belief came about, but it was probably some time in the 1950s or 1960s. It was strengthened by the royal couple's official visit to Vanuatu in 1974, when a few villagers had the opportunity to actually see Prince Philip from a distance. The Prince was not then aware of the cult, but it was brought to his attention several years later by John Champion, the British Resident Commissioner in the New Hebrides. Champion suggested that Prince Philip send them a portrait of himself. He agreed and sent a signed official photograph. The villagers responded by sending him a traditional pig-killing club called a nal-nal. In compliance with their request, the Prince sent a photograph of himself posing with the club. Another photograph was sent in 2000. All three photographs were kept by Chief Jack Naiva, who died in 2009. Anne, Princess Royal, visited Tanna in October 2014.[5][6][7] She is eldest daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. She had visited Vanuatu in 1974, but had not previously travelled to the island   more
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11

Simon Magus

Considered a god in Simonianism. According to Irenaeus, he "was glorified by many as if he were a god; and he taught that it was himself who appeared among the Jews as the Son, but descended in Samaria as the Father while he came to other nations in...  the character of the Holy Spirit. He represented himself, in a word, as being the loftiest of all powers, that is, the Being who is the Father over all, and he allowed himself to be called by whatsoever title men were pleased to address him.   more
0 votes
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12

José Rizal

Deified by some people in the Philippines due to his contributions to the Philippine Revolution.
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13

Tokugawa Ieyasu

Deified posthumously with the name Tōshō Daigongen by his successors.
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14

El-Hakem b'Amr Allah

Sixth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, ruling from 996 to 1021. The members of the Druze faith believe that the Fatimid Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah is God incarnate and that he will come back as the Mahdi.
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15

Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha

Believed a god by some Mahayana sects, and worshipped as an avatar of Vishnu by some Vaishnavas.
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16

Hephaestion

Deified by Alexander the Great.
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17

Guan Yu

Guan Yu has been deified as early as the Sui Dynasty and is still popularly worshipped today among the Chinese people variedly as an indigenous Chinese deity, a bodhisattva in Buddhism and a guardian deity in Taoism. He is also held in high esteem i... n Confucianism. In Hong Kong both police and gangsters consider him a divine object of reverence. In certain schools of Taoism and Chinese Buddhism he has been deemed divine or semi-divine status. The reverence for him may date back to the Sui dynasty   more
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18

Veleda

Germanic prophetess considered a deity during her lifetime.
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19

Ezra HaSofer

Ezra established Second Temple Judaism and is regarded as a very important figure in Judaism. The Quran claims that Yemenite Jews believed Uzair was the son of God.
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20

Sugawara no Michizane

Japanese Imperial courtier banished from the capital and deified upon his death to appease his angry spirit. Worshipped as Tenjin, kami of scholarship.
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21

Ludwik Lazarus Zamenhof

Considered a god by members of the Oomoto religion.
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22

Majapahit Imperial Cult

Javanese rulers of South East Asia's largest ever kingdom, in Indonesia. After death, they were depicted as Hindu gods.
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23

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib

According to the Alawite faith, Ali ibn Abi Talib is one member of a trinity (Ali-Muhammad-Salman the Persian) corresponding roughly to the Christian Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. He is considered to be the second emanation of God by Yarsan and the ... supreme deity in Ali-Illahism   more
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24

General John Nicholson

Involved in the First Anglo-Sikh War as a junior officer, he was taken under the wing of Henry Montgomery Lawrence along with several other similarly-aged officers such as Herbert Edwardes, James Abbott, Neville Chamberlain, Frederick Mackeson, Patr... ick Alexander Vans Agnew, William Hodson, Reynell Taylor, Harry Burnett Lumsden, Henry Daly, John Coke, which group was known as Henry Lawrence's young men, and was given much power as a political officer, and later a District Commissioner. He was feared for his foul temper and authoritarian manner, but also gained the respect of the Afghan and North Punjabi tribes in the area for his fairhandedness and sense of honour. He inspired the Nikal Seyn, or Nikal Seyni cult, which had a short and popular hey-day but survived in surprising forms and ways in some remoter parts of North-West Pakistan, well into the 1980s   more
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25

Jimmie Rodgers

Worshipped as a fertility god by a tribe in Kenya. After hearing 30's records of him and figuring no one could sing that well and be mortal they started dancing to him as a form of worhsip. The people in one area had even changed their music to emul... ate the high register he sang in and referred to him as "Chemirocha"   more
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26

Antinous

Deified by Hadrian. He is the last non-Imperial human formally deified in Western civilization.
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27

Antiochus II Theos

Seleucid ruler. The younger son of Antiochus I and Stratonice, succeeded his father in 261. He liberated Ephesus, Ionia, Cilicia and Pamphylia from Egyptian domination, and in return for their autonomy the cities of Asia Minor gave him the title The... os ("God")   more
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28

Wallace Fard Muhammad

Posthumously deified by Elijah Muhammad. He is also given other titles by the Nation of Islam.
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29

Ismail I

Self-claimed to be an emanation of God and was considered such by the Kızılbaş-Safaviya order, Qizilbash-Turkman subjects and Alevis.
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30

Zheng He

Worshiped by some Chinese and South East Asians.
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31

Cult of Alexander

Some believe he implied he was a demigod by actively using the title "Son of Ammon–Zeus". The title was bestowed upon him by Egyptian priests of the god Ammon at the Oracle of the god at the Siwah oasis in the Libyan Desert.
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32

Jim Jones

Founder of Peoples Temple, which started off as a part of a mainstream Protestant denomination before becoming a personality cult as time went on. One of Jones's devotees claimed that Jones said "If you see me as your savior, I'll be your savior. If...  you see me as your God, I'll be your God"; however Jones also described himself as atheist   more
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33

Mitsuo Matayoshi

In 1997 he established the World Economic Community Party based on his conviction that he is the God and Christ.
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34

Sathya Sai Baba

Hindu guru that followers believed was a reincarnation of an avatar of Dattatreya. He alleged that he had the ability to heal, raise the dead, appear in more than one location at the same time, materialize objects, such as jewellery, etc.
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35

Taher Saifuddin

Claimed to be Elahul Ard (God on Earth) in Bombay High Court.
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36

Lou de Palingboer

A divorced Dutchman named Louwrens Voorthuijzen who proclaimed himself "Lou the Eel Vendor", this being the translation of his proclaimed name "Lou de Palingboer". He was a figure who mixed marketing European eels with proselytism. His followers als... o considered him a living God on a mission against evil   more
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37

Francisco Macías Nguema

In 1978, he changed the motto of Equatorial Guinea to "There is no other God than Macias Nguema."
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38

Juanita García Peraza

García Peraza was born in Hatillo, Puerto Rico, and raised by her parents, both belonging to wealthy Catholic families that had immigrated to Puerto Rico from the Canary Islands in the 1830s. Her father had previously married one of his cousins, of ... the prominent García family of the Arecibo, Puerto Rico, region; well-known Puerto Rican writer René Marqués García is one of her nephews. After divorcing his cousin, her father married Mita's mother, from another Canarian family. When her family moved to their townhouse in Arecibo, Mita became extremely ill. She made a promise to God that if she was cured, she would always serve him. Mita considered it a miracle that she was cured of her illness and she decided to keep her promise. She was one of the first Puerto Rican women to preach religion in Puerto Rico. Soon, she became a leader in the church she attended. This, however, made the majority of the male church members feel uncomfortable with her presence and they told her that she was no longer welcome there   more
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39

Nirmala Srivastava

Guru and goddess of Sahaja Yoga, has proclaimed herself the incarnation of the Holy Ghost (Adi Shakti), claimed that all other incarnations (e.G., Krishna, Christ, etc.) were aspects of her.
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40

Danila Filippovich

He believed that he was God and started the Khlysts. (There are various transliterations of his name including Danila Filipov, Danila Filipich, and Daniil Filippovich.)
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41

Claude Vorilhon

Claims to be Maitreya, messenger of the "Elohim."
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42

Yahweh ben Yahweh

He was born as Hulon Mitchell, Jr. And his self-proclaimed name means "God, Son of God." He could have only been deeming himself son of God, not God, but many of his followers clearly consider him God Incarnate.
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43

Reverend M. J. Divine

The Peace Mission grew out of the ministry of George Baker Jr ("Father Divine"). In 1906, Father Divine became acquainted with the ideas of Charles Fillmore and the New Thought Movement, a philosophy of positive thinking that would inform his later ... doctrines. George Baker Jr attended a local store front Baptist Church, often preaching and teaching in the churches 'Sunday school', until 1907, when he became Samuel Morris follower. In Georgia, Father Divine got into conflicts with local ministers and was sentenced to 60 days on a chain gang. Upon his release, he attracted a following of mostly black women in Valdosta, Georgia. Several followers' husbands and local preachers had him arrested for lunacy and he was incarcerated in an insane asylum. He was later released and pronounced mentally sound in spite of his "maniacal" beliefs, and admonished to leave the state   more
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44

Kondratii Selivanov

Kondraty Selivanov proclaimed himself both as the late Peter III of Russia and Christ himself, and started the Skoptsy.
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45

Vissarion

Claims to be Jesus Christ returned, which makes him not "God" but the "word of God".
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46

Jehovah Wanyonyi

"I am the one who created Adam and Eve. I made their bodies and their blood", […] "I still use human beings by speaking through them, like I spoke through Jesus Christ until he went to Heaven." There are between 120 and a 1000 followers who consider...  him God   more
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47

Egyptian Imperial Cult

Egyptian pharaohs were kings of Ancient Egypt, and were considered gods by their culture. Their titles equated them with aspects of the likes of the hawk god Horus, the vulture goddess Nekhbet, and the cobra-goddess Wadjet. The Egyptians believed th... at when their Pharaoh died, he would continue to lead them in the next life, which is why his burial was grand and completed to perfection—to please him in the next life and ensure his immortality to protect his people. See List of pharaohs   more
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48

Cult of Naram-Sin of Akkad

Naram-Sin, reigned ca. 2254–2218 BCE, middle chronology, was the third successor and grandson of King Sargon of Akkad. Under Naram-Sin the Akkadian Empire reached its zenith. He was the first Mesopotamian king known to have claimed divinity for hims... elf, and one of the first to be called "King of the Four Quarters"   more
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49

Chinese Imperial Cult

Chinese Emperors were deified as "Sons of Heaven" since the Qin Dynasty under Qin Shi Huang.
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50

Cult of Natchez

The Natchez were a theocracy ruled by "The Great Sun." This ruler has sometimes been deemed a God-king.
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51

The Sailendras Cult

The Sailendra dynasty of Java were active promoters of Mahayana Buddhism and covered the plains of Central Java with Buddhist monuments, including the world famous Borobudur.
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52

Cult of the Dalai Lamas

Considered re-incarnations of Avalokiteśvara in Tibetan Buddhism. Panchen Lamas are incarnations of Amitābha.
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53

Inca Imperial Cult

The Inca Emperors had a status very similar to that of the Pharaohs of Egypt.
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54

Shah Dynasty Imperial Cult

In Nepal, the kings of the Shah dynasty were considered incarnations of Vishnu.
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55

Imhotep

Ancient Egyptian architect and physician, who two thousand years after his death, was raised to that of a god, becoming the god of medicine and healing.
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56

Queen Dido of Carthage

Founder and first queen of Carthage, after her death, she was deified by her people with the name of Tanit and assimilated to the Great Goddess Astarte (Roman Juno). The cult of Tanit survived Carthage's destruction by the Romans; it was introduced ... to Rome itself by Emperor Septimius Severus, himself born in North Africa. It was extinguished completely with the Theodosian decrees of the late 4th century   more
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57

Cult of Homer

Homer was venerated at Alexandria by Ptolemy IV Philopator.
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58

Cult of the Founder of Rome

Founders of Rome, sons of Mars, Romulus served as first king. After his death, Romulus was defined as the god, Quirinus, the divine persona of the Roman people. He is now regarded as a mythological figure, and his name a back-formation from the name...  Rome, which may ultimately derive from a word for "river". Some scholars, notably Andrea Carandini believe in the historicity of Romulus, in part because of the 1988 discovery of the Murus Romuli on the north slope of the Palatine Hill in Rome   more
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59

Jiddu Krishnamurti

One of the people who expected the imminent reappearance of the Maitreya as World Teacher was Charles Webster Leadbeater, then an influential Theosophist and occultist. In 1909 he "discovered" Jiddu Krishnamurti, an adolescent Indian boy, who he pro... claimed as the most suitable candidate for the "vehicle" of the World Teacher. Krishnamurti's family had relocated next to the Theosophical Society headquarters in Adyar, India, a few months earlier. Following his "discovery", Krishnamurti was taken under the wing of the Society, and was extensively groomed in preparation for his expected mission. However, by 1925 Krishnamurti had begun to move away from the course expected of him by the leaders of the Theosophical Society in Adyar and by many Theosophists. In 1929 he publicly dissolved the Order of the Star, a worldwide organization created by the leadership of the Theosophical Society to prepare the world for the Coming of the Maitreya, and abandoned his assumed role as the "vehicle" for the World Teacher. He eventually left the Theosophical Society altogether, yet remained on friendly terms with individual members of the Society. He spent the rest of his life traveling the world as an independent speaker, becoming widely known as an original thinker on spiritual, philosophical, and psychological subjects   more
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