Uncertainty, unpredictability is an unavoidable detail of the universe. It's observed at the smallest scales. Besides this, how can you construct an empowering human philosophy on determinism?
This is tough for me, because I believe most events are determined by free will, but some events are destined to happen. Basically choices in life are like choosing between 2 winding roads that eventually intersect. The paths may be different, but the intersection is unavoidable.
The determinist paradox is a good argument. An event is either caused or uncaused (random). Either way, there's no free will involved. Sam Harris says to notice your thoughts. They seem to come out of "the void", what you're going to think next is like guessing what I'm going to write next. So, it seems as though we don't have choice in our thoughts. Also experiments in Neurology show actions can be read in the brain before the decision to act comes.
The brain is merely an accumulation of inset knowledge from your genes, the rest is affected by the universe. The choices we make are not spontaneous or unexpected. Given enough data, everything can be predicted exactly.
The universe may or may not be fundamentally deterministic. I would have said that it was, but quantum mechanics may inject randomness into the equation. However, whether or not the outcome of the universe could (theoretically) be predicted, minds are simply the products of electrochemical signals in the brain. The universe may not be completely deterministic, but that doesn't give some notion of "free will" anywhere to hide.
i believe in determinism for three reasons, first of all i am religious, i go to an assemblies of god church and i believe god gave me a destiny. he did give free will too, but a destiny is determined, and can be changed, its confusing really. second not everyone's destiny is the same, and that's my counter argument, if it was determinism, then wouldn't we all be living the same life? finally, thirdly my belief, and the reason i chose determinism is because of a book i read a little while back, its called "Into the Wild", a man who had a college degree, gives away all of his money and leaves everything to live a carefree life, in this aspect he had free will.~ but then another man finds his story, written in a journal, and decides to follow his footsteps. he does this, but the man comes out alive, and well. why? that's where the determinism comes in. honestly it comes down to a matter of opinion.
All effects are determined by their respective causes,
Unfortunatly I do not believe in free will. Every choice we (make) realise is based on either our personality/taste or past experiences (things we read/heard/felt/tasted or saw). The odds of everything just being random are far to great so the logical option is that everything happens by design. But herein lies my problem.... if everything I do is predetermined, what is the point?