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Because kids can own very valuable items and should said officials search lockers for any reason the school could steal those valuables.
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People are such cowards. We fought for this country, tooth and nail. Millions sacrificed their lives for our freedom, and yet we are so inclined to throw it away? Sacrifice life or freedom; this is how it appears to go. So when our -entire nation- was built on the premise that we should fight for our freedom with our very lives, then why should we immediately trash that right?
I have a suggestion: If a student is ever-so-suspicious.... Get a warrant.
Certainly, lockers can be searched if needed as part of a criminal investigation, but random searches of students' lockers violates students' rights to privacy. In the criminal justice system, police require warrants to search people's property, and it should go the same way for students' lockers; searches should only be allowed if there is probable cause for doing them, as opposed to searching at random.
The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees "the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures." Before 1985, doubt existed about whether this right applied to students in the public schools. Schools argued that administrators acted in loco parentis—in the place of the parent—while students were at school. In 1985, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that the Fourth Amendment applies to students in the public schools (New Jersey v. T.L.O., 1985). The Court concluded, however, that the school environment requires an easing of the restriction to which searches by public authorities are normally subject. School officials, therefore, do not need probable cause or a warrant to search students.
The Court articulated a standard for student searches: reasonable suspicion. Reasonable suspicion is satisfied when two conditions exist: (1) the search is justified at its inception, meaning that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that the search will reveal evidence that the student has violated or is violating the law or school rules, and (2) the search is reasonably related in scope to the circumstances that justified the search, meaning that the measures used to conduct the search are reasonably related to the objectives of the search and that the search is not excessively intrusive in light of the student's age and sex and the nature of the offense.
I think the teachers are in control of the kids while they are on school property. If something is going on and want to search the kids lockers, I say why not? If the kids have nothing to hide what does it matter? That is just ridiculous if the teachers feel the need to do something that is needed, then what the heck?!
No, it should not be illegal for schools to search students' lockers. First, the school is government property, paid for by taxpayer funds, so it needs to be afforded the same rights as other government properties, including the right to search lockers and bags. Second, when students are on school grounds they are the responsibility of the school staff. In order for school staff to address situations where weapons, illegal drugs, or other contraband is brought onto school grounds, they must possess the ability to search student lockers.
No, it should not be illegal for schools to search student lockers because schools have a duty to use all means to keep students safe while they are on campus. A locker is school property, not private property, and students should have no expectation of privacy while they use the lockers. Schools must be able to conduct immediate searches when administrators suspect that dangerous items have been brought onto campus.
The Constitution of the United States establishes parameters in which people have a reasonable expectation of privacy. That zone of privacy does not extend to student lockers in schools. School authorities and law enforcement officials have an unfettered right to search and inspect school lockers for this reason. In addition, the overall safety and welfare of students is advanced by permitting this type of locker inspection.