Are transgendered people mentally ill?

Posted by: Mister_Man

If I were to say "I'm a woman stuck in a man's body," would I be considered mentally ill?

  • Yes, if you think you're something that you aren't, that's considered a mental disorder.

  • No, that's a completely normal human being.

49% 38 votes
51% 40 votes
  • Gender identity disorder.

  • A mental disorder is a disorientation of how someone feels, looks, or perceives things. When they mis-preceive their own gender, this is classified as a mental disorder.

  • After reading the formal definition, yea, I would say it's a mental illness.

  • Gender identity disorder. Also, if I were to say I'm a cat, I'm sure lots of people would look at me weird. So why is it different if I were to say I was the opposite sex?

  • Yes. If you are a boy, that's it. You can't say that you aren't a boy (unless you are a girl). Just like you can't say that you are Superman (unless you are Superman).

  • Upon further looking, it appears that yes, in fact, there is a mental illness in which there is psychological conflict between one's actual gender and the gender that he/she has delusions of.

  • It is recognized as a mental disorder by both health organizations and the government. It is abnormal and defective for your mental identity to not match up with your sex. I'm not saying that to be mean, but it's true.

  • Yes, it is abnormal and it's a mental disorder just like autism. They need help.

  • In my opinion, someone who isn't happy with who they are is mentally ill. Healthy people accept who they are, and live with it.

  • Are most people in the world are transgenders do you see most guys wear dresses or make up out in public or do you see most female dress up like a guy is it everyday that you hear about that someone got surgery done just to change their gender so there for people that are transgenders are mentally ill

  • I don't think Gender Disphoria is really an illness.

    Posted by: bsh1
  • Not every anomaly is a pathos.

  • Anyone voting yes is the one with the mental illness here.

  • The mental illness's many transgender people suffer is often from the stress of being discriminated against, this poll is a case in point. Sure there is GID often caused by childhood sexual abuse which goes hand in hand with BPD but each case is very unique and calling all people who want to change gender mentally ill and trying to fit them all into one one diagnosis is extremely naive. Studies have shown female brains in male heads and vice versa so the wrong body claim is sometimes spot on.

  • Ugh, all you people saying "Yes" and commenting in an effort to justify your choice make me sick. Society tells us we can be anything -- except gay, or bisexual, or asexual, or trans, or poor, or homeless, or unempolyed if you're fit to work, or immature, or dumb, or short, or fat, or ugly, or physically unfit, or too slow or too fast or inexperienced or uncool or not wearing makeup or in debt or an atheist or average or different or quiet or loud or old or sad or angry or happy or human, an it's all just crazy stupid stereotypes. Shut up already. You CAN be whoever and whatever you want without being ill or sick or diseased or in need of therapy. Just be yourself, be who you are, and ignore all the haters. I deeply apologize to all the trans people out there on behalf of the people who think there's something wrong with you, because there isn't. You are beautiful no matter what. Live long and prosper. <3

  • Transgender has nothing to do with being mentally unwell. This is a healthy biological diversity found for thousands of years and has many positive benefits to the Earth (innovations, advancements, enhancing the understanding of human sexuality,helping understand human biology).

  • No they are not. First off the term mentally ill has no normative value. Even if the transgendered were mentally ill it would still be wrong to call them by the pronouns they do not identify with for it would cause them emotional pain similarly they should still be allowed to undergo sex change operations or dress as the gender they identify as or whatever because it is good to do something which brings you fulfillment/happiness. But ignoring that I still don't think it is mental illness. First off I think we should define mental illness. According to the mayo Clinic it is "Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior." People who believe that being transgendered is a mental illness would most likely classify it as a disorder with regards to your thinking more specifically a delusion (namely that they believe they are something when they are plainly not.) Though you could argue that being delusional does not necessarily mean you are mentally and rather that only a subset of the delusional are mentally Ill, I will not bother myself with such things as i will be arguing that transgendered people are not delusional. The argument for transgendered people being delusional is that they say they are something when they are not, it can be phrased as follows: Given that 1. Someone who believes they are something they are not is delusional and 2. Transgendered people believe they are one gender when they are not. Therefore 3. Transgendered people are delusional. Though you could argue that premise one is too broad (just because someone believes something false does not make them delusional) I will focus on premise 2 which I believe to be false. For the purposes of simplicity I will focus on the case of a transgender woman though these arguments could be easily generalized to a transgender man (or any other gender for that matter) The argument from the people who believe that the transgendered are delusional usually argue that premise 2 is true with something along the lines of: 1. a man is someone born with a penis (you could replace being born with a penis with a whole host of other characteristics) 2. a transgender woman is born with a penis 3. therefore a transgender woman is a man My issue with this argument is that it assumes there is some sort of objective definition of man. Rather words like man are human constructs arbitrarily used to define certain things. Thus premise 1 of this argument fails and should be amended to: I define a man to be someone born with a penis. This change is key because it means that transgender people are not disputing fact but rather the definition of the term man. Rather, they believe (I do too) that being a man is defined by your internal feelings (I know there is a much stronger biological basis for this but Im ignorant with regards to the biology). I suppose you could argue this point from the acceptance of the Platonic forms. (I am not very well versed in this idea so I will not attempt to counter it even though I do not believe in the forms) However, I doubt that most people who argue that transgender people are mentally mention Plato. For example, it would be delusional to argue that Caitlyn Jenner was not born with a penis as this would be delusional as it is a denial of fact. To say that she is a woman is not however because that statement means that she feels very strongly that she is a woman (again forgive my ignorance of the biology behind being transgender). Take the following thought experiment: If a man said that the heater is talking to him, we would call him delusional as the heater is most definitely not talking to him. However, if by "the heater is talking to me" he meant that the "heater is making me warm" and defined the word talk as "to make warm" he would not be delusional. It would be odd that he chose to define to talk as "to make warm" but he nonetheless would be correct in his understanding of reality. This last objection is not true of the transgender debate as many people define gender as being based in feeling. Now neither of the two definitions of gender is more right than the other but the nonetheless this means that transgender people are not delusional and therefore not mentally ill.

  • And EVEN IF THEY WERE MENTALLY ILL.... YOU SHOULD FUCKING BE NICE

  • They are mentally different to other people. Illnesses are detrimental to the sufferer - the only detriment to transgender people is society's reception of them. I don't see transition as necessary and there are lots of drawbacks to it; people only feel the need to go through with it to fit society's expectations. Regardless of what they do or do not go through with, 'transgender' people fundamentally want to be accepted as themselves.

    Posted by: iQ
  • Why tf are people saying it's a mental disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder because you have delusions such as visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, etc etc etc. Being trans means you switched genders. See the difference?

Leave a comment...
(Maximum 900 words)
Hanspete says2015-04-20T19:30:47.9598962-05:00
Some can be, others, maybe not.
Stalin_Mario says2015-04-20T19:47:08.3849484-05:00
Either way, it doesn't really matter, as their disorder is not hurting anyone.
briantheliberal says2015-04-20T22:25:12.8484505-05:00
PetersSmith, do you know what a mental illness is?
PetersSmith says2015-04-20T22:31:07.7992537-05:00
Briantheliberal: A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a mental or behavioral pattern or anomaly that causes either suffering or an impaired ability to function in ordinary life (disability), and which is not a developmental or social norm. Gender identity disorder (GID) or gender dysphoria is the formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe people who experience significant dysphoria (discontent) with the sex and gender they were assigned at birth. It's not my definition, Brian.
Krampus says2015-04-21T09:44:10.8193774-05:00
The world health organization recognizes it as a medical disorder by the ICD-10 CM.
Reeseroni says2015-04-21T17:01:47.4536283-05:00
Okay, this is funny, because Gender Dysphoria is recognized by government as a mental disorder. By voting No are you submitting to the general ideas of a liberal agenda or can you honestly not comprehend the English language? Disorders are not just made up, (aside from the suggested ADHD) they are issues concerning a person's mental, emotional, or physical well being. You cannot just decide that you don't believe that a disorder is real. That is just not rational.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T17:24:10.3130754-05:00
Reeseroni: I think what the people voting no are implying is that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders should be changed, even though in this day and age we have a lot more evidence about disorders than we have in the past. It's unlikely a classification would change now.
Reeseroni says2015-04-21T18:29:33.1604795-05:00
Thats a great point, I'm just not sure many people stop to think about what they vote for, and they just choose the option that houses the greater percentage of voters.
Varrack says2015-04-21T18:35:22.6027195-05:00
No, they vote on their emotions. They don't want to vote yes because to do so would mean they are being politically correct and offending transgender.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T18:38:38.1031727-05:00
100% agree with Varrack
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T18:39:29.1612161-05:00
Mister_Man: You don't at least 60% agree with me?
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T18:43:39.8222450-05:00
Oh yeah I agree with you too lol I'm just saying Varrack makes an excellent point. Instead of basing answers on logic and what's actually correct, people tend to care to other's feelings instead. Worried too much about offending someone, people are willing to answer something incorrectly.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T18:44:48.7206121-05:00
Mister_Man: I was also the first person to vote yes, thank you very much.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T18:46:43.4101536-05:00
Then congrats :) And good job getting back at Brian for attempting to call you out because his liberal agenda ignores facts. I was the one who made the poll, thank you very much.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T18:46:45.9530188-05:00
"Mister_Man: You don't at least 60% agree with me?" I don't see enough evidence for your claim. I am fairly sure Varrack is right on this. Since we have one vote "Anyone voting yes is the one with the mental illness here." and then we have briantheliberal challenging whether you know the definition of mental disorder.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T18:53:54.4062464-05:00
The level of ignorance regarding the psychology, physiological, enviromental and developemental factors are shocking in this poll.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T18:55:50.8765930-05:00
And whoever said disorders are not just made up is horribly wrong. Homosexuality was in the dsm once apon a time.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T18:57:09.7350985-05:00
Then why don't you enlighten us since you seem to think you are correct on this issue.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T18:57:52.0269696-05:00
Yeah Kreakin, elaborate a bit please.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T18:58:17.8763353-05:00
You need to enlighten yourself, it will take alot of reading and study.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T18:59:15.6591057-05:00
"Everybody is wrong, but I will not tell you how you are wrong." - Kreakin, 2015
Kreakin says2015-04-21T18:59:58.4345799-05:00
Ask an intelligent question then.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:00:43.4096682-05:00
Kreakin: I take psychology and follow the DSM 5, it's a disorder. This is taken right from it: Main DSM-5 Categories of Mental Disorders: 14. Gender Dysphoria: This is a single disorder characterized by incongruence between a person’s experienced/expressed gender and assigned gender.
Varrack says2015-04-21T19:01:59.8422607-05:00
When I first saw this poll I thought "this person must have something against transgenders" but after looking at the facts and realizing that an emotional appeal is incorrect, I changed my mind :p so it's kind of understandable that someone votes yes because people naturally have an emotional appeal, but they're still wrong regardless.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:03:11.0490146-05:00
The new DSM refers to "gender dysphoria," which focuses the attention on only those who feel distressed by their gender identity. Not the gender identity itself.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T19:04:32.8503850-05:00
"The level of ignorance regarding the psychology, physiological, enviromental and developemental factors are shocking in this poll." - This is nothing more than you jumping into this poll to assert your high intelligence on the matter without elaborating on the subject at hand. "And whoever said disorders are not just made up is horribly wrong. Homosexuality was in the dsm once apon a time." - So changes were made in the DSM, that doesn't mean everything taken from the DSM is now all of a sudden not true or untrustworthy. My question is what exactly is your point or what exactly are you trying to say? You just kind of jumped in here and said everyone is wrong without really saying how.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:06:16.8930059-05:00
" I take psychology and follow the DSM 5" That explains why it feels like you are psychoanalysing me. Exactly what physiological test does the minigun shooting rocket launchers fall under?
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:08:36.4444327-05:00
Mathgeekjoe: I don't "psychoanalyze" people. Psychoanalysis is outdated and instead I just follow the psychodynamic theory. And "minigun shooting rocket launchers" falls under aggressive behavior and schizophrenia, duh.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:13:43.5069082-05:00
But I am not aggressive, for pete's sake I get beaten up by little kids. And I don't "interpret reality abnormally".
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:14:28.4088598-05:00
Also you can get a minigun to shoot rocket launchers, but I would have to very big, not to mention impractical.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:14:32.8357850-05:00
Mathgeekjoe: I was joking.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:17:39.4285811-05:00
Be accurate please, I said the ten yes voters are wrong, not the 22 no voters. You do know that they almost added relusion to the DSM for people with faith but didn't because that would have catorgorised lots of people with faith as mentally ill? Religious belief is generally accepted in closed circles of psychiatrists to be a mental illness. That means once it is not a common belief the faith full will be treated for their sickness. Food for though...
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:17:46.8074284-05:00
I know it was a joke.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:21:07.9551178-05:00
Kreakin: But they didn't now did they? And religion as a mental illness only is associated with schizophrenia, and schizophrenia is defined as a complete "break" from reality . I would also like you to present sources as to where a "closed group" of psychologists classify all religious belief as a disorder.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:24:07.3406677-05:00
I seen an article dealing with religious extremist. It was dealing with treating of people who justify terrorism with religious beliefs.
Mister_Man says2015-04-21T19:25:45.8552992-05:00
Hey man I don't know about you but if someone truly believes there's an invisible flying guy in the sky who casts you to eternal fire if you're a little bad... I'd say it's fair to assume a mental illness if we lack the medical technology. You still haven't explained how we're wrong though, I know you're talking about these 10 people, as I'm one of them... You've just brought up other topics because "once considered a mental disorder" instead of explaining how thinking you're something you aren't isn't.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:27:30.4870323-05:00
"Hey man I don't know about you but if someone truly believes there's an invisible flying guy in the sky who casts you to eternal fire if you're a little bad" Who believes in an invisible flying guy in the sky?
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:29:42.9612191-05:00
Because it really is not as simple as saying I diagnose you with Gender Dysphoria, (which most transgender people are not) therfore you are mentally ill. Have you even read and understood the definition of Gender Dysphoria?
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:30:18.7478485-05:00
Kreakin: Yes, have you?
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:32:18.8543075-05:00
What did you take from my comment? - The new DSM refers to "gender dysphoria," which focuses the attention on only those who feel distressed by their gender identity. Not the gender identity itself.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:33:32.5166906-05:00
Kreakin: I don't see it saying that. We must be reading a different DSM.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:34:41.2009713-05:00
Isn't there a way to know which DSM is which? Like a number or year?
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:35:26.4209638-05:00
Mathgeekjoe: No, it just has numbers going with it. The most recent version is the DSM V.
AlphaTBITW says2015-04-21T19:36:04.2432632-05:00
Mathgeeke, they're ordered I-V, and V is the one that is now the standard of psychological practice.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:36:40.4666954-05:00
It is only there to enable people to access services like hormone replacement or emotional support. Not to cure someone as they are not ill.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-21T19:36:53.3526012-05:00
So what is causing the disagreement about definition?
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:39:27.6502337-05:00
Outdated knowledge from out of date books?
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:39:59.4914050-05:00
Mathgeekjoe: There shouldn't be one.
Kreakin says2015-04-21T19:41:11.4872327-05:00
Key part is: This condition causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
PetersSmith says2015-04-21T19:43:09.1822937-05:00
Kreakin: No, that would be called a generalized anxiety disorder, and if you looked at the definition I gave you gender identity disorder is under its own category.
Sophia13 says2015-04-22T10:53:26.3959054-05:00
All the transphobes out there, shut up. Just please shut up. I can't stand you.
PetersSmith says2015-04-22T10:55:09.3281470-05:00
Sophia13: We're not transphobes, I'm just stating fact.
Sophia13 says2015-04-22T11:01:54.3883310-05:00
I just... I can't even... I don't... Ugh, forget it.
PetersSmith says2015-04-22T11:05:21.0428557-05:00
Sophia13: Blame the DSM.
Kreakin says2015-04-22T12:59:59.7456256-05:00
What i said was straight from the DSM V on Gender Dysmorpia, however if you call that GAD then you prove my point even more.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T14:56:38.3092879-05:00
Quote--For a person to be diagnosed with gender dysphoria, there must be a marked difference between the individual’s expressed/experienced gender and the gender others would assign him or her, and it must continue for at least six months. In children, the desire to be of the other gender must be present and verbalized. This condition causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. --end quote. http://www.psychiatry.org/dsm5 PDF on gender Dysphoria
Kreakin says2015-04-22T15:15:26.1292168-05:00
Again you have proved my point. Gender dysphoria is a condition where then person identifies himself or herself with the opposite of their original biological sex. This is not a mental disorder. http://www.news-medical.net/health/Diagnosis-of-Gender-Dysphoria.aspx
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T15:17:56.0952631-05:00
Are you saying Gender dysphoria is not a mental disorder or are you saying transexuals do not have gender dysphoria?
Kreakin says2015-04-22T15:19:27.7484663-05:00
Read the article, it explains.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T16:02:41.7018941-05:00
You do know what you are saying is in disagreement with DSM V.
Kreakin says2015-04-22T16:03:44.9175718-05:00
Please explain.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T16:05:44.8966490-05:00
The DSM V claims that gender dysphoria is a mental disorder.
Kreakin says2015-04-22T16:07:41.1640346-05:00
Facepalm. Don't worry about it.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T16:09:18.6765356-05:00
Well you are still in disagreement with the DSM V.
CyberConor says2015-04-22T17:06:14.8499372-05:00
@Kreakin, you are losing this debate.
Kreakin says2015-04-22T17:09:26.8657115-05:00
I don't mind, it's only because the DSM criteria is not being correctly interpreted, that might be willful or due to other reasons.
Mister_Man says2015-04-22T17:40:02.7570544-05:00
Sophia, I was hoping someone would say that. "All the transphobes out there, shut up. Just please shut up. I can't stand you." - It's this mentality that holds logical thinking back. Too concerned about being politically correct and not offending anyone to accept facts and have a normal discussion about the mental abilities about different types of people. Nobody here is transphobic, we're having a discussion about whether or not gender identity disorder should really be a disorder, and if gender dysphoria is a disorder. We aren't being disrespectful in a single way.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T17:46:36.9994637-05:00
"it's only because the DSM criteria is not being correctly interpreted, that might be willful or due to other reasons." Gender dysphoria is a mental disorder according to DSM 5. If you think we aren't interpreting it correctly, then give the correct interpretation with explanation.
Sophia13 says2015-04-22T19:54:08.8953140-05:00
@Mister_Man I wasn't specifically adressing anyone in this conversation, I was adressing the transphobes of the world.
Mister_Man says2015-04-22T20:01:21.2364854-05:00
Ah well that's fair, however I'm sure debate.Org isn't the place to address transphobes lol. That would be like telling cops not to rob stores.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T20:02:03.9495592-05:00
"@Mister_Man I wasn't specifically adressing anyone in this conversation, I was adressing the transphobes of the world." I have a hard time believing that, Saying shut up in a poll and then claiming it wasn't directed to anyone in the poll seems fishy.
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T20:03:08.1961292-05:00
"I just... I can't even... I don't... Ugh, forget it." Also I have no idea what this is.
Sophia13 says2015-04-22T20:05:01.4318969-05:00
It's me being me. Deal with it. *snaps fingers*
Mister_Man says2015-04-22T20:13:44.5990561-05:00
Oh sheesh y'all
Mathgeekjoe says2015-04-22T20:16:58.4550282-05:00
I don't get the finger snapping. Wait, don't snap my fingers in half, I like my fingers to be in one piece. Plleeeaasssee don't break my fingers.
dylradcliffe says2016-05-20T02:14:21.8084669Z
All the comments voting no don't even give an argument, they just say the people who voted yes are mean
Mister_Man says2016-10-31T03:09:06.5479272Z
@dylradcliffe - That's because liberals don't have anything intelligent to contribute to anything.
Eustace1 says2016-10-31T03:27:22.2365508Z
No they are not. First off the term mentally ill has no normative value. Even if the transgendered were mentally ill it would still be wrong to call them by the pronouns they do not identify with for it would cause them emotional pain similarly they should still be allowed to undergo sex change operations or dress as the gender they identify as or whatever because it is good to do something which brings you fulfillment/happiness. But ignoring that I still don't think it is mental illness. First off I think we should define mental illness. According to the mayo Clinic it is "Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior." People who believe that being transgendered is a mental illness would most likely classify it as a disorder with regards to your thinking more specifically a delusion (namely that they believe they are something when they are plainly not.) Though you could argue that being delusional does not necessarily mean you are mentally and rather that only a subset of the delusional are mentally Ill, I will not bother myself with such things as i will be arguing that transgendered people are not delusional. The argument for transgendered people being delusional is that they say they are something when they are not, it can be phrased as follows: Given that 1. Someone who believes they are something they are not is delusional and 2. Transgendered people believe they are one gender when they are not. Therefore 3. Transgendered people are delusional. Though you could argue that premise one is too broad (just because someone believes something false does not make them delusional) I will focus on premise 2 which I believe to be false. For the purposes of simplicity I will focus on the case of a transgender woman though these arguments could be easily generalized to a transgender man (or any other gender for that matter) The argument from the people who believe that the transgendered are delusional usually argue that premise 2 is true with something along the lines of: 1. A man is someone born with a penis (you could replace being born with a penis with a whole host of other characteristics) 2. A transgender woman is born with a penis 3. Therefore a transgender woman is a man My issue with this argument is that it assumes there is some sort of objective definition of man. Rather words like man are human constructs arbitrarily used to define certain things. Thus premise 1 of this argument fails and should be amended to: I define a man to be someone born with a penis. This change is key because it means that transgender people are not disputing fact but rather the definition of the term man. Rather, they believe (I do too) that being a man is defined by your internal feelings (I know there is a much stronger biological basis for this but Im ignorant with regards to the biology). I suppose you could argue this point from the acceptance of the Platonic forms. (I am not very well versed in this idea so I will not attempt to counter it even though I do not believe in the forms) However, I doubt that most people who argue that transgender people are mentally mention Plato. For example, it would be delusional to argue that Caitlyn Jenner was not born with a penis as this would be delusional as it is a denial of fact. To say that she is a woman is not however because that statement means that she feels very strongly that she is a woman (again forgive my ignorance of the biology behind being transgender). Take the following thought experiment: If a man said that the heater is talking to him, we would call him delusional as the heater is most definitely not talking to him. However, if by "the heater is talking to me" he meant that the "heater is making me warm" and defined the word talk as "to make warm" he would not be delusional. It would be odd that he chose to define to talk as "to make warm" but he nonetheless would be correct in his understanding of reality. This last objection is not true of the transgender debate as many people define gender as being based in feeling. Now neither of the two definitions of gender is more right than the other but the nonetheless this means that transgender people are not delusional and therefore not mentally ill.

Freebase Icon   Portions of this page are reproduced from or are modifications based on work created and shared by Google and used according to terms described in the Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License.

By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use.