Do you have a blurry sense of self-identity?

Posted by: PetersSmith

Who are you?

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10 Total Votes
1

I know exactly who I am.

What is "normal"?
5 votes
2 comments
2

I have a somewhat blurry sense of self-identity.

Dissociative identity disorder: This disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is characterized by "switching" to alternate identities. You may feel the presence of one or more other people talking or living inside your head, and yo... u may feel as though you're possessed by other identities. Each of these identities may have a unique name, personal history and characteristics, including obvious differences in voice, gender, mannerisms and even such physical qualities as the need for eyeglasses. There also are differences in how familiar each identity is with the others. People with dissociative identity disorder typically also have dissociative amnesia and often have dissociative fugue   more
2 votes
1 comment
3

I don't know who I am at all.

Do you/did you feel "out of place", "unreal", or "empty" at certain points? How can you "be yourself" if you don't know who you are?
1 vote
1 comment
4

I have an extremely blurry sense of self-identity.

Depersonalization-derealization disorder: This disorder involves an ongoing or episodic sense of detachment or being outside yourself — observing your actions, feelings, thoughts and self from a distance as though watching a movie (depersonalization... ). Other people and things around you may feel detached and foggy or dreamlike, and the world may seem unreal (derealization). You may experience depersonalization, derealization or both. Symptoms, which can be profoundly distressing, may last only a few moments or come and go over many years   more
1 vote
1 comment
5

I don't have a blurry sense of self-identity.

Once known as multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder was made famous by the book "Sybil" (Independent Pub Group, 1973), which was made into a movie of the same name in 1976. The film and book told the story of Shirley Mason, p... seudonym Sybil, who was diagnosed as having 16 separate personalities as a result of physical and sexual abuse by her mother. The book and the movie were hits, but the diagnosis soon came under fire. In 1995, psychiatrist Herbert Spiegel, who consulted on Mason's case, told the "New York Review of Books" that he believed Mason's "personalities" were created by her therapist, who — perhaps unwittingly — suggested that Mason's different emotional states were distinct personalities with names. Likewise, critics of the dissociative identity diagnosis argue that the disorder is artificial, perpetuated by well-meaning therapists who convince troubled and suggestible patients that their problems are due to multiple personalities. Nonetheless, dissociative identity disorder has weathered this criticism and won't undergo any major changes in the DSM-5   more
1 vote
1 comment
6

I have a very blurry sense of self-identity.

Dr George Simon: Solidifying a sense of personal identity is one of the key tasks of late adolescence and early adulthood and is one of the stages of psychosocial development outlined by Erik Erikson. For various reasons, some folks have difficulty ... developing a solid sense of self. In such cases, it’s not uncommon for a person to mimic the behavior of others. It’s also not uncommon for a person who’s already not very sure of who they are to experience apprehension when they become so “close” to another that they fear losing all individual identity and becoming “engulfed” by the other. Generally speaking, the ease with which a person masters the task of defining personal identity has a lot to do with how successfully they mastered the developmental tasks that came before. The stages Erikson outlines that precede identity solidification include: Basic Trust vs. Mistrust (established during the very first years of life) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (the task of toddlers to develop a sense of self-reliance and will) Initiative vs. Guilt (the pre-school age task of developing courage, independence, and a sense of purpose) Industry vs. Inferiority (the childhood task of developing confidence, work ethic, and responsibility) So, if mastering any of the prior stages has been particularly difficult or impaired, a person is likely to have more difficulty with the next step, which has to do with defining one’s identity and developing a solid sense of self. Unless this step is mastered successfully, there are likely to be problems with the critical tasks that lie ahead: Intimacy vs. Isolation (the task of young adulthood to learn how to be intimately involved with others without risking the loss of one’s sense of self) Generativity vs. Stagnation (the task of mid to late adulthood to discover one’s place in society and to make a meaningful contribution) Ego Integrity vs. Despair (the task of senior years to contemplate our accomplishments and maintain a sense of personal worth while declining in our ability to produce) Depending on how old you are and how difficult it’s been for you to master the developmental milestones that precede the task of identity solidification, your quest to acquire a stable sense of self might be particularly challenging. The things you report suggest not only that you’re still searching for a sense of identity but also that you’re struggling with issues pertaining to intimacy vs. Isolation. It’s probably best to consider visiting with a counselor or therapist, especially one who specializes in helping folks address emotional development issues and concerns   more
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0 comments
7

I have a generally blurry sense of self-identity.

The DSM-IV-TR states that acts of self-mutilation, impulsivity and rapid changes in interpersonal relationships "may warrant a concurrent diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder". Steven Lynn and colleagues have suggested that the significant o... verlap between BPD and DID may be a contributing factor to the development of therapy induced DID, in that the suggestion of hidden alters by therapists who propose a diagnosis of DID provides an explanation to patients for the behavioral instability, self-mutilation, unpredictable mood changes and actions they experience. In 1993 a group of researchers reviewed both DID and borderline personality disorder (BPD), concluding that DID was an epiphenomenon of BPD, with no tests or clinical description capable of distinguishing between the two. Their conclusions about the empirical proof of DID were echoed by a second group, who still believed the diagnosis existed, but while the knowledge to date did not justify DID as a separate diagnosis, it also did not disprove its existence. Reviews of medical records and psychological tests indicated that the majority of DID patients could be diagnosed with BPD instead, though about a third could not, suggesting that DID does exist but may be over-diagnosed. Between 50 and 66% of patients also meet the criteria for BPD, and nearly 75% of patients with BPD also meet the criteria for DID, with considerable overlap between the two conditions in terms of personality traits, cognitive and day-to-day functioning, and ratings by clinicians. Both groups also report higher rates of physical and sexual abuse than the general population, and patients with BPD also score highly on measures of dissociation. Even using strict diagnostic criteria, it can be difficult to distinguish between dissociative disorders and BPD (as well as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), though the presence of comorbid anxiety disorders may help   more
0 votes
0 comments
8

I have a barely blurry sense of self-identity.

Dissociative disorders including DID have been attributed to disruptions in memory caused by trauma and other forms of stress, but research on this hypothesis has been characterized by poor methodology. So far, scientific studies, usually focusing o... n memory, have been few and the results have been inconclusive. An alternative hypothesis for the etiology of DID is as a by-product of techniques employed by some therapists, especially those using hypnosis, and disagreement between the two positions is characterized by intense debate. DID became a popular diagnosis in the 1970s, 80s and 90s but it is unclear if the actual rate of the disorder increased, if it was more recognized by health care providers, or if sociocultural factors caused an increase in therapy induced (iatrogenic) presentations. The unusual number of diagnoses after 1980, clustered around a small number of clinicians and the suggestibility characteristic of those with DID, support the hypothesis that DID is therapist-induced. The unusual clustering of diagnoses has also been explained as due to a lack of awareness and training among clinicians to recognize cases of DID   more
0 votes
0 comments
9

I used to have a significant blurry sense of self-identity, but not anymore.

People diagnosed with DID often report that they have experienced severe physical and sexual abuse, especially during early to mid-childhood (although the accuracy of these reports has been disputed), and others report an early loss, serious medical...  illness or other traumatic event. They also report more historical psychological trauma than those diagnosed with any other mental illness. Severe sexual, physical, or psychological trauma in childhood has been proposed as an explanation for its development; awareness, memories and emotions of harmful actions or events caused by the trauma are removed from consciousness, and alternate personalities or subpersonalities form with differing memories, emotions and behavior.[35] DID is attributed to extremes of stress or disorders of attachment. What may be expressed as post-traumatic stress disorder in adults may become DID when occurring in children, possibly due to their greater use of imagination as a form of coping. Possibly due to developmental changes and a more coherent sense of self past the age of six, the experience of extreme trauma may result in different, though also complex, dissociative symptoms and identity disturbances. A specific relationship between childhood abuse, disorganized attachment, and lack of social support are thought to be a necessary component of DID. Other suggested explanations include insufficient childhood nurturing combined with the innate ability of children in general to dissociate memories or experiences from consciousness. Delinking early trauma from the etiology of dissociation has been explicitly rejected by those supporting the early trauma model. However, a 2012 review article supports the hypothesis that current or recent trauma may affect an individual's assessment of the more distant past, changing the experience of the past and resulting in dissociative states. Giesbrecht et al. Have suggested there is no actual empirical evidence linking early trauma to dissociation, and instead suggest that problems with neuropsychological functioning, such as increased distractibility in response to certain emotions and contexts, account for dissociative features. A middle position hypothesizes that trauma, in some situations, alters neuronal mechanisms related to memory. Evidence is increasing that dissociative disorders are related both to a trauma history and to "specific neural mechanisms". It has also been suggested that there may be a genuine but more modest link between trauma and DID, with early trauma causing increased fantasy-proneness, which may in turn render individuals more vulnerable to socio-cognitive influences surrounding the development of DID. The suggestion that DID was the result of childhood trauma increased the appeal of the diagnosis among health care providers, patients and the public as it validated the idea that child abuse had lifelong, serious effects. There is very little experimental evidence supporting the trauma-dissociation hypothesis, and no research showing that dissociation consistently links to long-term memory disruption   more
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