Favorite historical or current secret police organization?

Posted by: PetersSmith

"You look afraid. Don't be afraid. This is a dream, the last dream you may ever have, for nightmares are coming."

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3 Total Votes
1

Committee for State Security (Soviet Union)

The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its collapse in 1991. Formed in 1954 as a direct successor of such preceding agencies as the Cheka, NKGB, and MGB, the...  committee was attached to the Council of Ministers. It was the chief government agency of "union-republican jurisdiction", acting as internal security, intelligence, and secret police. Similar agencies were instated in each of the republics of the Soviet Union aside from Russia and consisted of many ministries, state committees, and state commissions.The KGB was a military service and was governed by army laws and regulations, similar to the Soviet Army or MVD Internal Troops. While most of the KGB archives remain classified, two on-line documentary sources are available. Its main functions were foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, operative-investigatory activities, guarding the State Border of the USSR, guarding the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the Soviet Government, organization and ensuring of government communications as well as combating nationalism, dissent, and anti-Soviet activities   more
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Gestapo

As part of the deal in which Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, Hermann Göring —future commander of the Luftwaffe and the number-two-man in the Nazi Party—was named Interior Minister of Prussia. This gave Göring command of the largest police...  force in Germany. Soon afterward, Göring detached the political and intelligence sections from the police and filled their ranks with Nazis. On 26 April 1933, Göring merged the two units as the Gestapo. He originally wanted to name it the Secret Police Office (German: Geheimes Polizeiamt), but discovered the German initials "GPA" looked and sounded too much like those of the Russian GPU   more
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Polish Ministry of Public Security (Poland)

The Ministry of Public Security of Poland was a postwar communist, secret police, intelligence and counter-espionage service operating from 1945 to 1954 under Jakub Berman of the Politburo. Its main goal was the eradication of the anti-communist str... uctures and socio-political base of the underground Polish Secret State as well as, the persecution of soldiers of the Polish Home Army and Freedom and Independence active during World War II. In that capacity, MPB remained known mainly through its own regional offices called Urząd Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego or UBP; and Urząd Bezpieczeństwa or UB   more
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4

Iran Ministry of Intelligence (Iran)

The Ministry of Intelligence of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the primary intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is also known as VAJA and previously as VEVAK or alternatively MOIS. It was initially known as SAVAMA, when it took o... ver the previous government's intelligence apparatus. The ministry is one of the three "sovereign" ministrial bodies of Iran due to nature of its work at home and abroad   more
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5

State Security Administration (Yugoslavia)

The State Security Service, more commonly known by its original name as the State Security Administration, was the secret police of Yugoslavia. Best known at all times simply by the acronym UDBA, in its latter decades it was composed of six semi-ind... ependent secret police organizations—one for each of the six Yugoslav federal republics—coordinated by the central federal office.Although it operated with more restraint than other secret police agencies in the communist dictatorships of Eastern Europe, the UDBA was nonetheless a feared tool of control. It is alleged that the UDBA was responsible for the "eliminations" of dozens of enemies of the state within Yugoslavia and internationally. Eliminations vary from those of World War II Ustaše leaders Ante Pavelić and Vjekoslav Luburić, to Croatian emigrant Bruno Bušić. In 2008, it was theorized that the UDBA may have had a hand in the assassination of Olof Palme.With the breakup of Yugoslavia, it continued to work as the State Security Service of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   more
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6

I don't find secret police organizations "interesting".

Secret police (sometimes called political police) are intelligence services or police and law enforcement agencies which operate in secrecy. An alternative name is secret service. A secret police organization is often used beyond the law by totalita... rian states to protect the political power of an individual dictator or an authoritarian (autocracy) political regime   more
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7

State Security Department (North Korea)

The State Security Department of North Korea or the Ministry of State Security is an autonomous agency of the North Korean government reporting directly to the Supreme Leader. It was established in 1973 and serves as the secret police of North Korea... . It also is involved in the operation of North Korea's concentration camps and various other hidden activities. It is reputed to be one of the most brutal secret police forces in the world, and has been involved in numerous human rights abuses.It is one of two agencies which provides security or protection to North Korean officials and VIPs alongside the Supreme Guard Command   more
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8

National Intelligence and Security Service (Sudan)

The National Intelligence and Security Service is the intelligence service of the federal government of Sudan. The NISS is an incredibly powerful body, and has been granted extensive powers by the National Security Acts of 1999 and 2010.It is widely...  accepted that in addition to its domestic operations, the NISS has operations and agents throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Western Europe. The secretive organisation's most well known operation is its massive intelligence network in Iraq, which it was able to build by recruiting foreign fighters passing through Khartoum on their way to Iraq.In 1995, the NISS captured and detained Osama Bin Laden, before releasing him in 1996 after the United States declined to take him.From 2004 to 2009 the NISS was led by Salah Gosh. Since 2009 it has been led by Muhammad al-Atta Fadl al-Mula.The NISS also operates the Rapid Support Forces   more
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9

Federal Security Service (Russian Federation)

The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation is the principal security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor agency to the USSR's Committee of State Security. Its main responsibilities are within the country and include c... ounter-intelligence, internal and border security, counter-terrorism, and surveillance as well as investigating some other types of grave crimes. It is headquartered in Lubyanka Square, Moscow's centre, in the main building of the former KGB. The Director of the FSB since 2008, is army general Aleksandr Bortnikov.The immediate predecessor of the FSB was the Federal Counterintelligence Service of Russia: on 12 April 1995, Russian president Boris Yeltsin signed a law mandating a reorganization of the FSK, which resulted in the creation of the FSB. In 2003, the FSB's responsibilities were widened by incorporating the previously independent Border Guard Service and a major part of the abolished Federal Agency of Government Communication and Information. The two major structural components of the former KGB that remain administratively independent of the FSB are the Foreign Intelligence Service and the State Guards   more
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Political Security Directorate (Syria)

Political Security Directorate is an intelligence service of Syria. It is active against the opposition. It runs detention centres. It is divided into an Internal Security Department and an External Security Department. It monitors political dissent...  and all media outlets, and registered parties are surveilled, too   more
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11

Military Intelligence Directorate (Venezuela)

The Dirección de Inteligencia Militar was the military intelligence agency of Venezuela.Hugo Carvajal was its head in the early 2000s. The DIM has been replaced with a new agency in 2012, the General Directorate of Military Counterintelligence. With...  police power in the National Armed Forces   more
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State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus (Belarus)

The State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus is the national intelligence agency of Belarus. Along with its counterparts in Transnistria and South Ossetia, it is one of the few intelligence agencies that kept the Russian name "KGB" after the...  dissolution of the Soviet Union, albeit it is lost in translation when written in Belarusian.It is the Belarusian successor organization to the KGB of the Soviet Union. Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, who founded the Cheka – the original Bolshevik intelligence police – was born in what is now Belarus and remains a national hero.It is governed by the law About State Security Bodies of the Republic of Belarus.Major General Vadim Zaitsev, who was in charge of Lukashenko's personal security, was appointed its leader in July 2008. His tenure lasted until November 2012 and he was replaced by Valery Vakulchik. The KGB is formally controlled by the president of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko   more
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13

National Security Agency (Bahrain)

The National Security Agency or National Security Apparatus is an investigating authority in Bahrain that is associated with but not formally part of the Ministry of the Interior. The NSA was formed after King Hamad issued Decree No. 14 of 2002 decl... aring it as the replacement of the General Directorate for State Security Investigations. The NSA was granted the power to make arrests by a 2008 Royal Decree, and lost this power in 2011, again by Royal Decree   more
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Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission (United States of America)

The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission was a state agency directed by the governor of Mississippi that existed from 1956 to 1977, also known as the Sov-Com. The commission's stated objective was to "[...] protect the sovereignty of the state o... f Mississippi, and her sister states" from "federal encroachment." Initially, it was formed to coordinate activities to portray the state, and the legal racial segregation enforced by the state, in a more positive light.During its existence, it profiled over more than 87,000 names of people associated with the civil rights movement, which it opposed, and was complicit in the murders of three civil rights workers   more
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15

Government Intelligence Service (Afghanistan)

Khadamat-e Aetla'at-e Dawlati translates directly to English as: "State Intelligence Agency". However, this phrase is more precisely translated as "State Information Services". Khadamat-e Aetela'at-e Dawlati, almost always known by its acronym KHAD ... (or KhAD), is the main security agency and intelligence agency of Afghanistan, and also served as the secret police during the Soviet occupation. The successor to AGSA (Department for Safeguarding the Interests of Afghanistan) and KAM, KHAD was nominally part of the Afghan state, but it was firmly under the control of the Soviet KGB until 1989. In January 1986 its status was upgraded and it was thereafter officially known as the "Ministry of State Security" (Wizarat-i Amaniyyat-i Dawlati, or WAD). After the December 1979 Soviet invasion, KAM was renamed and came under the control of the KGB. This was an agency specifically created for the suppression of the Democratic Republic's internal opponents. However, KHAD has continued to operate after the fall of the Soviet backed government in 1992 and acted as the intelligence arm of the United Front or "Northern Alliance" during the civil war in Afghanistan (1992-1996)   more
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16

Sigurimi (Albania)

The Drejtoria e Sigurimit të Shtetit, commonly called the Sigurimi, was the state security, intelligence and secret police service of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania. De jure its goal was protecting Albania from dangers, but de facto the ... Sigurimi served to suppress political activity in the population and hold the system in place.In 2008 the Albanian parliament discussed opening the so-called “Sigurimi files” but the Socialist Party of Albania contested it   more
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Internal Operations Department-Centre for Internal Defence Operations (Brazil)

The Destacamento de Operações de Informações - Centro de Operações de Defesa Interna was the Brazilian intelligence and repression agency during the military government. This period started on March 31, 1964 with the removal of the civilian governme... nt by military forces and ended in the 1984. DOI-CODI was responsible for suppressing internal dissent against the regime. It acted as a political police, using torture and other counter-insurgency methods, with a focus on anti-communism. Several political activists, intellectuals, artists, college students and journalists were interrogated and at times tortured by the DOI-CODI throughout its existence against clandestine forces and guerrilla groups.The first DOI unit started in São Paulo as a private organization called "OBAN - Bandeirante Operation". OBAN was an illegal organization created using members of the federal police, civil state polices, military state polices and select members of the armed forces. It was financed by private and corporate entities.Each state had a DOI unit subordinated to CODI, which had the role of centralizing the operations. The DOI units' composition mirrored that of the previous OBAN   more
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Santebal (Cambodia)

The Santebal, a Khmer term meaning "keeper of the peace", was the Special Branch of the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia.The Santebal was in charge of internal security and running prison camps like Tuol Sleng where thousands of people were imprisoned... , tortured and killed. It was part of the Khmer Rouge organizational structure well before April 17, 1975 when the Khmer Rouge took control over Cambodia. The name is an amalgam of two words: santisuk meaning security and norkorbal meaning police   more
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The Presidential Lifeguard (Central African Republic)

The presidential lifeguard, Unité de sécurité présidentielle (USP), was in March 1998 transformed to the Force spéciale de défense des institutions républicaines (FORSDIR). In contrary to the army – which consisted mainly of southerner Yakoma member... s and which thereby was unreliable for the northerner president – this unit consisted of northerners loyal to the president. Before eventually being dissolved in January 2000, this highly controversial group became feared for their terror and troubled Patassé’s relation with important international partners, such as France. Of its 1,400 staff, 800 were subsequently reintegrated into FACA, under the command of the chief-of-staff. The remaining 400 recreated the USP (once again under the command of the chief-of-staff)   more
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National Intelligence Directorate (Chile)

The Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional or DINA was the Chilean secret police in the government of Augusto Pinochet. The DINA was established in November 1973, as a Chilean Army intelligence unit headed by Colonel Manuel Contreras and vice-director R... aúl Iturriaga, who fled from justice in 2007. It was separated from the army and made an independent administrative unit in June 1974, under the aegis of decree #521.The DINA existed until 1977, after which it was renamed the Central Nacional de Informaciones.In 2008 the Chilean Army presented a list of 1,097 DINA agents to judge Alejandro Solís   more
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Bureau of Investigation and Statistics (Nationalist China)

The Bureau of Investigation and Statistics, commonly known as Juntong, was the intelligence agency of the Republic of China. It was devoted to intelligence gathering for purposes of national security and defense. It was originally headed by Dai Li, ... and after 1946 he was succeeded by Mao Renfeng.The BIS secret police was distributed amongst the Kuomintang's military, police, administration, and transportation agencies, as well as embassies and consulates abroad. It specialized in surveillance, kidnapping, assassinations, and other means of arrest.During the Sino-Japanese War, the BIS also engaged in a number of intelligence gathering and espionage activities against the Japanese invaders. There are some BIS staff who surrendered to Japan, and many of the secret police in Japanese-occupied areas were former BIS agents   more
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22

Jinyiwei (Ming China)

The Jinyiwei was the imperial military secret police that served the emperors of the Ming dynasty in China. The Jinyiwei was founded by the Hongwu Emperor in 1368 to serve as his personal bodyguards and it developed into a military organisation the ... following year. They were authorised to overrule judicial proceedings in prosecutions, with full autonomy granted in arresting, interrogating and punishing anyone, including nobles and the emperor's relatives.The Jinyiwei were also tasked with collecting military intelligence on the enemy and participated in battle planning stages. A Jinyiwei guard donned a distinctive golden-yellow uniform, with a tablet worn on his torso, and carried a special blade weapon   more
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Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities (Cuba)

The Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities was the secret police agency that Fulgencio Batista maintained in the 1950s, which gained a reputation for brutality in its fight against the 26th of July Movement.The bureau was headed by Marian... o Faget, who had first gained fame as a Nazi hunter during Batista's first turn at power, from 1940 to 1944, when he was chief of Cuba's Office of Investigation of Enemy Activities, a counter-espionage unit that targeted Nazi and Fascist agents.Development of BRAC was aided and encouraged by the CIA starting in 1956   more
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24

State Security (Czechoslovakia)

In former Czechoslovakia, State Security or StB / ŠtB, was a plainclothes secret police force from 1945 to its dissolution in 1990. Serving as an intelligence and counter-intelligence agency, it dealt with any activity that could possibly be conside... red anti-communist   more
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25

State Security Investigations Service (Egypt)

The Egyptian State Security Investigations Service was the highest national internal security authority in Egypt. Estimated to employ 100,000 personnel, the SSI was the main security and intelligence apparatus of Egypt's Ministry of Interior. The SS... I focused on monitoring underground networks of radical Islamists and probably planted agents in those organizations and had the role of controlling opposition groups, both armed groups and those engaged in peaceful opposition to the government.Following the 2011 Egyptian revolution, the head of the SSI was arrested under suspicion of ordering the killings of demonstrators. On March 15, 2011, the Ministry of the Interior announced the dissolution of the agency. The service was replaced by the Egyptian Homeland Security   more
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26

State Police (Finland)

Valtiollinen poliisi has its roots in Osasto III ("Section III") which was formed in summer 1918 by the right wing (so called "whites") of the Finnish Civil War. Its mission was to conduct military intelligence and to monitor the other side of the c... ivil war, the so-called "reds." In the beginning of 1919 the passport section of the general staff which was responsible for internal intelligence was moved under the supervision of the internal ministry and the organizational changes were continued by forming Etsivä keskuspoliisi (EK), which translates directly to "Detecting central police". Etsivä keskuspoliisi was made permanent at the end of 1927, and in December 1937 its name was changed to Valtiollinen poliisi. Later famous politician and president of Finland Urho Kekkonen worked as abitur of jurisprudence and lawyer in EK   more
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27

Greek Military Police (Greece)

The Greek Military Police, generally known in Greek by the acronym ESA, was the military police branch of the Greek Army in the years 1951–1974. It developed into a powerful paramilitary organization and a stronghold of right-wing, conservative Army...  officers. It became the main security and intelligence organization during the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and was occasionally used as a death squad by the ruling Colonels. After the fall of the junta and the restoration of democracy in 1974, it was disbanded because of its brutal practices, which included the widespread use of torture.From 1974, the Greek Army maintains a military police section called Stratonomia, but its powers are far less extensive than those of ESA   more
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28

Special Higher Police (Japan)

Special Higher Police, often shortened to Tokkō was a police force established in 1911 in Japan, specifically to investigate and control political groups and ideologies deemed to be a threat to public order. Its main function was as a civilian count... erpart to the military's Kempeitai and Tokkeitai, and it can be considered roughly equivalent to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the United States in terms of combining both criminal investigation and counter-espionage functions. It has been less charitably compared to the Nazi Gestapo secret police. The Tokkō was also known as the “Peace Police”, or more notoriously by the term “Thought Police”, a phrase later used in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four   more
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29

Nationalist Democratic Organization (El Salvador)

ORDEN, or Organización Democrática Nacionalista was a Salvadoran paramilitary organization founded under the military rule of Julio Adalberto Rivera, headed by José Alberto Medrano. ORDEN helped control the 1972 elections, in which reform-minded Jos... é Napoleón Duarte lost to Arturo Armando Molin   more
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Anti-Terrorism Division (Peru)

The Counter-Terrorist Directorate is the branch of the National Police of Peru that is responsible for Peru's anti-terrorist law enforcement efforts.DIRCOTE's Special Intelligence Group was responsible for capturing Shining Path leader Abimael Guzmá... n   more
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31

Securitate (Romania)

The Securitate was the popular term for the Departamentul Securității Statului, the secret police agency of Communist Romania. Previously, the Romanian secret police was called Siguranța Statului. It was founded on August 30th, 1948, with help from ... the Soviet NKVD. After Ceaușescu was ousted, the DSS lived on until 1991, when Parliament approved a law reorganizing the DSS into various subdivisions.The Securitate was, in proportion to Romania's population, one of the largest secret police forces in the Eastern bloc. The first budget of the Securitate in 1948 stipulated a number of 4,641 positions, of which 3,549 were filled by February 1949: 64% were workers, 4% peasants, 28% clerks, 2% persons of unspecified origin, and 2% intellectuals. By 1951, the Securitate's staff had increased fivefold, while in January 1956, the Securitate had 25,468 employees. Under the regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu, the Securitate employed some 11,000 agents and had a half-million informers for a country with a population of 22 million by 1985. Under Ceaușescu, the Securitate was one of the most brutal secret police forces in the world, responsible for the arrests, torture and deaths of thousands of people   more
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32

National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (Philippines)

The National Intelligence Coordinating Agency is the primary intelligence gathering and analysis arm of the Philippine government, in charge of carrying out overt, covert, and clandestine intelligence programs. Its motto is: Ang Karunungan ay Kaligt... asan.Presently, NICA is in close coordination with the CIA, Mossad, Secret Intelligence Service and intelligence services of ASEAN countries to counter the threat of terrorism.The agency is led by a Director-General and is assisted by a Deputy Director-General. The former reports directly to the President. Its present headquarters are located in Quezon City. Retired Philippine National Police general Ager P. Ontog is the current director general of NICAThe NICA has a National Intelligence Board that serves as an advisory board to the Director-General before he would submit his findings to the President relating to national security matters affecting the Philippines   more
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33

Iraqi Intelligence Service (Iraq)

The Iraqi Intelligence Service, also known as the Mukhabarat, General Directorate of Intelligence, or Party Intelligence, was the main state intelligence organization in Iraq under Saddam Hussein. The IIS was primarily concerned with international i... ntelligence collection and analysis but also performed many activities inside Iraq.The most important section of the IIS was Directorate 4 – the Secret Service. One of the well known Directors was Rafi' Dahham Mejwel Al-Tikriti the former Iraqi Ambassador to Turkey and the last Chief of the Iraqi Intelligence Service. The Secret Service was tasked with infiltrating both foreign and domestic governments, unions, embassies, and opposition groups. IIS often worked closely with the Iraqi General Security Directorate when conducting domestic activities.IIS is alleged to be responsible for a number of assassinations and attempted assassinations abroad. These include the assassinations of Sheikh Talib al-Suhail al-Tamimi in Beirut, Ayatollah Mehdi al-Hakim in Sudan, and Dr. Ayad Habashi in Rome, as well as the attempted assassinations of President George H.W. Bush, the Emir of Kuwait and the former Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi   more
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34

Organization for Vigilance and Repression of Anti-Fascism (Italy)

The Organizzazione per la Vigilanza e la Repressione dell'Antifascismo was the secret police of the Kingdom of Italy, founded in 1927 under the regime of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini and during the reign of King Victor Emmanuel III. The German ... Gestapo were the equivalent of the OVRA. Mussolini's secret police were assigned to stop any anti-Fascist activity or sentiment. Approximately 5,000 OVRA agents infiltrated most aspects of domestic life in Italy. The OVRA was headed by Arturo Bocchini   more
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35

Korean Central Intelligence Agency (Korea)

The agency's origins can be traced back to the Korean Counterintelligence Corps (KCIC), formed during the Korean War. The KCIA was founded on June 13, 1961 by Kim Jong-pil, who drew much of the organization's initial 3,000-strong membership from the...  KCIC. Kim, a Korean Military Academy graduate and nephew of Park Chung-hee by marriage, is also credited for masterminding the 1961 coup d'etat that installed Park before he was elected president of Korea. The intelligence service was extensively used by President Park's government to suppress and disrupt anti-government or pro-North Korean (in which pro-communist was included) movements, including the widespread student protests on university campuses and the activities of overseas Koreans. The KCIA developed a reputation for interfering in domestic politics and international affairs that were beyond its jurisdiction. The KCIA's original charter, Act Concerning Protection of Military Secrets, was designed to oversee the coordination of activities related to counterespionage and national security, but a majority of its activities and budget were devoted to things unrelated to its original charter   more
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36

Nigerian Security Organization (Nigeria)

The Nigerian Security Organization was the state security and intelligence service of the Nigerian government from 1976 to 1985.Established in 1976 by the Military regime of Olusegun Obasanjo after the failed Dimka coup--which claimed the life of fo... rmer Head of State Murtala Mohammed, the NSO was given a mandate of coordinating both domestic and foreign intelligence. During the time of the military regime, and continuing through the Nigerian Second Republic, the NSO was accused of carrying out systematic and widespread human rights abuses, especially of those seen to be critical of the government. One dissident has called them a "Gestapo in Black".The NSO became particularly notorious during Buhari's so called War Against Indiscipline crackdown in spring 1984. A series of repressive measures, led by NSO chief Mohammed Rafindadi, was carried out. Of these, repression against journalists, opposition figures, government officials and the a 25 month imprisonment of musician Fela Ransome-Kuti are especially remembered   more
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37

Frumentarii (Roman Empire)

Frumentarii were officials of the Roman Empire, originally wheat collectors, who also acted as the secret service of the Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.There are two main sources of information about the frumentarii, inscriptions on grave... stones and anecdotes where the actions of individual frumentarii are mentioned by historians. From what is known of the Frumentarii, they always worked in uniform. The Empire was based on patronage, not an ideology. From inscriptions; one of the few things known about the frumentarii is that they were mostly attached to individual legions, except for a few centurion frumentarii. Attachment to individual legions suggests that their main function was, as the name suggests, to service those legions with supplies.Frumentarii appear to have spent a lot of time travelling and had a base in Rome at the Castra Peregrina. Frumentarii were obviously proud of their status if they put the rank on their gravestones. There are a number of inscriptions honouring the genie of the Castra Peregrina, this suggests that the frumentarii had high morale and social status   more
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38

Stasi (Eastern Germany)

The Ministry for State Security (German: Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS), commonly known as the Stasi (abbreviation German: Staatssicherheit, literally State Security), also State Security Service (German Staatssicherheitsdienst, SSD), was th... e official state security service of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), colloquially known as East Germany. It has been described as one of the most effective and repressive intelligence and secret police agencies to have ever existed. The Stasi was headquartered in East Berlin, with an extensive complex in Berlin-Lichtenberg and several smaller facilities throughout the city. The Stasi motto was "Schild und Schwert der Partei" (Shield and Sword of the Party), referring to the ruling Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED)   more
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39

Taiwan Garrison Command (Taiwan)

The Taiwan Garrison Command was a secret police/state security body which existed under the Republic of China military on Taiwan. The agency was established at the end of World War II, and operated throughout the Cold War. It was disbanded on August...  1, 1992.Taiwan Garrison Command was an equivalence to the unified command in the United States of America. It was commanded by a three-star general and consisted with officers or enlisted persons from Army, Military Police, Political Warfare, or Intelligence Bureau; and members from police forces, or civilian recruits from other colleges after special training. Because of security reasons, its military draftees were tagged and interviewed before usual military recruit trainings.While operational, this military command was responsible for suppressing activities viewed as promoting democracy and Taiwan independence. The reputation of Taiwan Garrison Command is so infamous that its name symbolizes the authoritarian rule to which Taiwan was once subjected   more
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40

Hangash (Somalia)

The Hangash, an acronym standing for Military Intelligence Unit, was a notorious secret police unit in Somalia under the regime of Siad Barré until its collapse in 1991.
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41

Criminal Investigation Department (Iraq)

The Criminal Investigation Department is the branch of all Territorial police forces within the British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces, to which plain clothes detectives belong. It is thus distinct from the Uniformed Branch and the...  Special Branch.In 1854, with an increasing amount of detective work to be done, Nottingham Borough Police set up the county’s first CID section.The Metropolitan Police Service CID, the first such organisation, was set up on 7 April 1878 by C. E. Howard Vincent. Originally, it was under the direct command of the Home Secretary, but since 1888 has been under the authority of the Commissioner   more
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42

National Organization for Intelligence and Security (Iran)

SAVAK was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States' Central Intelligence Agency. SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the Pahlavi dynasty was overthro... wn. SAVAK has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60,000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, although Gholam Reza Afkhami estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4,000 and 6,000   more
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43

Służba Bezpieczeństwa

The Służba Bezpieczeństwa Ministerstwa Spraw Wewnętrznych, or SB, was established in the People's Republic of Poland in 1954. It was the main security organization in Poland after 1956.
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44

International and State Defence Police (Portugal)

The Polícia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado or PIDE, was a security service agency during the regime of António de Oliveira Salazar in Portugal during the Estado Novo.Although the name PIDE was only used from 1945 to 1969, the whole network of s... ecret police forces which existed during the 40 years of the regime are commonly known as PIDE   more
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45

South African Bureau of State Security (South Africa)

The South African Bureau for State Security was established in 1969 and replaced by the National Intelligence Service in 1980. The Bureau's job was to monitor national security. It was headed by Hendrik van den Bergh.The Bureau is perhaps most infam... ous for its involvement in the Information Scandal or Muldergate Scandal, when South African Government funds were used to establish a pro-National Party English language newspaper, The Citizen. This scandal was the main reason for its replacement in 1980   more
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46

State Protection Authority (Hungary)

The State Protection Authority was the secret police force of Hungary from 1945 until 1956. It was conceived of as an external appendage of the Soviet Union's secret police forces, but attained an indigenous reputation for brutality during a series ... of purges beginning in 1948, intensifying in 1949 and ending in 1953. In 1953 Joseph Stalin died, and Imre Nagy was appointed Prime Minister of Hungary. Under Nagy's first government from 1953 to 1955, the ÁVH was gradually reined in   more
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47

Okhrana (Imperial Russia)

The Department for Protecting the Public Security and Order, usually called "guard department" and commonly abbreviated in modern sources as Okhrana or Okhranka in Russia, was a secret police force of the Russian Empire and part of the police depart... ment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the late 19th century, aided by the Special Corps of Gendarmes   more
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Prussian Secret Police (Prussia)

The Prussian Secret Police was the political police agency of the German state of Prussia in the 19th and early 20th centuries.In 1851 Police Union of German States was set up by the police forces of Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, Hanover, Baden... , and Württemberg. It was specifically organised to suppress political dissent in the wake of the 1848 Revolutions which spread across Germany. For the next fifteen years the Union held annual meetings to exchange information. Karl Ludwig Friedrich von Hinckeldey, the Police Commissioner of Berlin was appointed by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV on November 16, 1848. He was to prove to be a key figure in the development of the secret police in Prussia as well as the whole union. By 1854, thanks to his close relationship with the King he was appointed Generalpolizeidirektor. Effectively he was a minister of police independent from the minister of the interior. Von Hinckeldey founded the Berlin political police in Berlin and developed a Prussian information catalogue on political opponents, focusing on revolutionaries involved in the 1848 uprisings   more
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Kreakin says2015-06-19T23:38:41.9263863-05:00
Sorry, there is no favorite there.
PetersSmith says2015-06-19T23:39:18.8072982-05:00
Kreakin: Do you have one that I missed or did you click on this poll, fully knowing what it was about, just to make that comment?
Forthelulz says2015-06-19T23:45:53.9065092-05:00
Would the Spanish Inquisition count for the purposes of the exercise? I came here not expecting them.
PetersSmith says2015-06-20T01:03:00.4991220-05:00
Forthelulz: No.
Kreakin says2015-06-20T01:32:02.7374026-05:00
Um ,no. Just thought favorite isn't possibly the right word for such often sinister groups. It implies agreement with their methods or approval of their actions. Anyhow...
PetersSmith says2015-06-20T01:34:29.3178214-05:00
Kreakin: There, happy?
Forthelulz says2015-06-20T14:57:04.8881074-05:00
I just noticed. PetersSmith, you play Containment Breach?
FreedomBeforeEquality says2015-06-23T14:27:45.5409049-05:00
No CIA huh?

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