Actionsspeak: But doesn't philosophy line up more to scientific hypotheses than anything? Shouldn't we look towards philosophies that can one day be tested to see if they are correct? The atom was once a philosophical idea, now it is science.
•A theory must have observable consequences that can be tested and be falsified.
•Theories also must agree with previous theories in the domains where they had been successfully tested.
For example, special relativity reduces to Newton mechanics in the domain of velocities much less than the speed of light.
In philosophy, while new theories must comply with existing theories, there is clearly much less testing/retesting.
So, how does philosophy fit into this framework while maintaining the rigor required for scientific inquiry? Are there any examples of philosophical discussions that have significantly influenced or changed