The Republican Party, also commonly called the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery activists in 1854, it dominated politics nationally for mo... st of the period from 1860 to 1932. There have been 18 Republican presidents, the first being Abraham Lincoln, serving from 1861 to 1865, and the most recent being George W. Bush, serving from 2001 to 2009. The most recent Republican presidential nominee was former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney in 2012.
The party's platform is generally based upon American conservatism, in contrast to the Democratic Party, which supports contemporary American liberalism. American conservatism of the Republican Party is not wholly based upon rejection of the political ideology of liberalism; some principles of American conservatism are based on classical liberalism and a significant portion of the Republican base is made up of neoliberals and other free market, pro-capitalism factions. Some notable Republican candidates are Ronald Reagan and Abraham Lincoln. With the most recent being George W. Bush