29 Total Votes


Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system. "Social ow... nership" may refer to cooperative enterprises, common ownership, state ownership, citizen ownership of equity, or any combination of these. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them. They differ in the type of social ownership they advocate, the degree to which they rely on markets or planning, how management is to be organised within productive institutions, and the role of the state in constructing socialism.A socialist economic system is based on the organisational precept of production for use, meaning the production of goods and services to directly satisfy economic demand and human needs where objects are valued based on their use-value or utility, as opposed to being structured upon the accumulation of capital and production for profit   more
8 votes


Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of the culture and civilization. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while ... others, called reactionaries, oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were". The first established use of the term in a political context originated with François-René de Chateaubriand in 1818, during the period of Bourbon restoration that sought to roll back the policies of the French Revolution. The term, historically associated with right-wing politics, has since been used to describe a wide range of views. There is no single set of policies that are universally regarded as conservative, because the meaning of conservatism depends on what is considered traditional in a given place and time. Thus conservatives from different parts of the world—each upholding their respective traditions—may disagree on a wide range of issues   more
7 votes


Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition. Progressivism became highly significant...  during the Age of Enlightenment in Europe, out of the belief that Europe was demonstrating that societies could progress in civility from barbaric conditions to civilization through strengthening the basis of empirical knowledge as the foundation of society. Figures of the Enlightenment believed that progress had universal application to all societies and that these ideas would spread across the world from Europe. Sociologist Robert Nisbet finds that "No single idea has been more important than ... The Idea of Progress in Western civilization for three thousand years" and defines five "crucial premises" of the Idea of Progress as being: value of the past, nobility of Western civilization, worth of economic/technological growth, faith in reason and scientific/scholarly knowledge obtained through reason, intrinsic importance and worth of life on earth   more
3 votes

Libertarianism and Objectivism

Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism has been and continues to be a major influence on the libertarian movement, particularly in the United States. Many libertarians justify their political views using aspects of Objectivism. However, the views of R... and and her philosophy among prominent libertarians are mixed and many Objectivists are hostile to non-Objectivist libertarians in general   more
2 votes

Classical liberalism

Classical liberalism is a political philosophy and ideology belonging to liberalism in which primary emphasis is placed on securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power of the government. The philosophy emerged as a response to the In... dustrial Revolution and urbanization in the 19th century in Europe and the United States. It advocates civil liberties with a limited government under the rule of law, private property rights, and belief in laissez-faire economic liberalism. Classical liberalism is built on ideas that had already arisen by the end of the 18th century, including ideas of Adam Smith, John Locke, Jean-Baptiste Say, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo. Its greatest expression as a political philosophy in the 19th century was in the works of John Stuart Mill. It drew on a psychological understanding of individual liberty, natural law, utilitarianism, and a belief in progress.In the late 19th century, classical liberalism developed into neo-classical liberalism, which argued for government to be as small as possible in order to allow the exercise of individual freedom. In its most extreme form, it advocated Social Darwinism   more
2 votes

Green politics

Green politics is a political ideology that aims to create an ecologically sustainable society rooted in environmentalism, social justice, and grassroots democracy. It began taking shape in the western world in the 1970s; since then Green parties ha... ve developed and established themselves in many countries around the globe, and have achieved some electoral success.The political term Green, a translation of the German Grün, was coined by die Grünen, a Green party formed in the late 1970s. The term political ecology is sometimes used in Europe and in academic circles, but in the latter has come to represent an interdisciplinary field of study, including chemistry and chemical engineering.Supporters of Green politics, called Greens, share many ideas with the ecology, conservation, environmentalism, feminism, and peace movements. In addition to democracy and ecological issues, green politics is concerned with civil liberties, social justice, nonviolence, sometimes variants of localism and tends to support social progressivism. The party's platform is largely considered left in the political spectrum   more
2 votes


Anarcho-syndicalism is a theory of anarchism which views revolutionary industrial unionism or syndicalism as a method for workers in capitalist society to gain control of an economy and, with that control, influence broader society. Syndicalists con... sider their economic theories a strategy for facilitating worker self-activity and as an alternative co-operative economic system with democratic values and production centered on meeting human needs.The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are solidarity, direct action and direct democracy, or workers' self-management. The end goal of anarcho-syndicalism is to abolish the wage system, regarding it as wage slavery. Anarcho-syndicalist theory therefore generally focuses on the labour movement.Anarcho-syndicalists view the primary purpose of the state as being the defence of private property, and therefore of economic, social and political privilege, denying most of its denizens the ability to enjoy material independence and the social autonomy which springs from it   more
1 vote
1 comment

Social liberalism

Social liberalism is a political ideology with the belief that the right to freedom from coercion should include a societal foundation. Social liberalism seeks to balance individual liberty and social justice. Like classical liberalism, it endorses ... a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights and liberties, but differs in that it believes the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care and education. Under social liberalism, the good of the community is viewed as harmonious with the freedom of the individual. Social liberal policies have been widely adopted in much of the capitalist world, particularly following World War II. Social liberal ideas and parties tend to be considered centrist or centre-left. The term social liberalism is used to differentiate it from classical liberalism, which dominated political and economic thought for several centuries until social liberalism branched off from it around the Great Depression   more
1 vote


Communism is a socioeconomic system structured upon common ownership of the means of production and characterized by the absence of social classes, money, and the state; as well as a social, political and economic ideology and movement that aims to ... establish this social order. The movement to develop communism, in its Marxist–Leninist interpretations, significantly influenced the history of the 20th century, which saw intense rivalry between the states which claimed to follow this ideology and their enemies.Communism is most associated with Marxism, which considers itself the embodiment of scientific socialism. According to Marxism, capitalism is a historically necessary stage of society, which has led to the concentration of social classes into two major groups: proletariat - who must work to survive, and who make up a majority of society - and bourgeoisie - a minority who derive profit from employing the proletariat, through private ownership of the means of production. The political, social, and economic conflict between both groups, each attempting to push their interests to their logical extreme, will lead into the capture of political power by the proletariat   more
1 vote


Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. Influenced by national syndicalism, fascism originated in Italy during World War I, combining more typically right-wing positions with eleme... nts of left-wing politics, in opposition to liberalism, Marxism, and traditional conservatism. Although fascism is often placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum, several academics have said that the description is inadequate.Fascists sought to unify their nation through an authoritarian state that promoted the mass mobilization of the national community and were characterized by having leadership that initiated a revolutionary political movement aiming to reorganize the nation along principles according to fascist ideology. Fascist movements shared certain common features, including the veneration of the state, a devotion to a strong leader, and an emphasis on ultranationalism and militarism. Fascism views political violence, war, and imperialism as a means to achieve national rejuvenation, and it asserts that stronger nations have the right to expand their territory by displacing weaker nations   more
1 vote


If you don't care
1 vote


Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity is officially recognized as the civil Ruler and official policy is governed by officials regarded as divinely guided, or is pursuant to the doctrine of a particular religion or religious group.
0 votes

Labour movement

The labour movement or labor movement, also called respectlively labourism or laborism, is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers ... and governments, in particular through the implementation of labour and employment law. Trade unions are collective organizations within societies, organized for the purpose of representing the interests of workers and the working class. Many ruling class individuals and political groups may also be active in and part of the labour movement.In some countries, especially the United Kingdom and Australia the labour movement is understood to encompass a formal "political wing", frequently known by the name labour party or workers' party, which complements the aforementioned "industrial wing"   more
0 votes

Moderate Left-libertarianism

Left-libertarianism names several related but distinct approaches to political and social theory, which stress both individual freedom and social justice. In its oldest usage, left-libertarianism is a synonym for anti-authoritarian varieties of left... -wing politics, either anarchism in general or social anarchism in particular. It later became associated with free-market libertarians when Murray Rothbard and Karl Hess reached out to the New Left in the 1960s. This left-wing market anarchism, which includes mutualism and Samuel Konkin III's agorism, appeals to left-wing concerns such as feminism, gender and sexuality, class, immigration, and environmentalism. Most recently, left-libertarianism refers to mostly non-anarchist political positions associated with Hillel Steiner, Philippe Van Parijs, and Peter Vallentyne that combine self-ownership with an egalitarian approach to natural resources.Unlike right-libertarianism, left-libertarianism posits that neither claiming nor mixing one's labor with natural resources is enough to generate full private property rights, and maintains that natural resources ought to be held in some egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively   more
0 votes


Anarcho-primitivism is an anarchist critique of the origins and progress of civilization. According to anarcho-primitivism, the shift from hunter-gatherer to agricultural subsistence gave rise to social stratification, coercion, alienation, and popu... lation growth. Anarcho-primitivists advocate a return to non-"civilized" ways of life through deindustrialization, abolition of the division of labor or specialization, and abandonment of large-scale organization technologies.Many traditional anarchists reject the critique of civilization while some, such as Wolfi Landstreicher, endorse the critique but do not consider themselves anarcho-primitivists. Anarcho-primitivists are often distinguished by their focus on the praxis of achieving a feral state of being through "rewilding"   more
0 votes

Moderate Right-libertarianism

Right-libertarianism refers to libertarian political philosophies that advocate both self-ownership and the unequal appropriation of natural resources, leading to strong support of private property rights and free-market capitalism. This position is...  contrasted with that of left-libertarianism, which maintains that natural resources belong to everyone in some egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively. Right-libertarianism includes anarcho-capitalism and laissez-faire, minarchist liberalism   more
0 votes


Nazism, or National Socialism in full, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and state as well as other related far-right groups. It was also promoted in other European countries with large ethnic German com... munities, such as Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Yugoslavia. Usually characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism, Nazism originally developed from the influences of pan-Germanism, the Völkisch German nationalist movement and the anti-communist Freikorps paramilitary culture in post-First World War Germany, which many Germans felt had been left humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles.German Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and social Darwinism; the Germanic peoples—also referred to as the Nordic race—were considered to be the purest representation of Aryanism, and therefore the master race. Opposed to both capitalism and Marxism, Nazism aimed to overcome social divisions, with all parts of a racially homogeneous society cooperating for national unity and regeneration and to secure territorial enlargement at the expense of supposedly inferior neighbouring nations   more
0 votes


Totalitarianism or totalitarian state is a concept used by some political scientists in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible.The concept of totalitariani... sm was first developed in the 1920s by the Weimar German jurist, and later Nazi academic, Carl Schmitt and Italian fascists. Schmitt used the term, Totalstaat in his influential work on the legal basis of an all-powerful state, The Concept of the Political. The concept became prominent in Western anti-communist political discourse during the Cold War era, in order to highlight perceived similarities between Nazi Germany and other Fascist states on the one hand, and Soviet Communist Party states on the other.Other movements and governments have also been described as totalitarian. The leader of the historic Spanish reactionary conservative movement called the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right declared his intention to "give Spain a true unity, a new spirit, a totalitarian polity..." and went on to say "Democracy is not an end but a means to the conquest of the new state   more
0 votes


A reactionary is a person who holds political viewpoints that favor a return to a previous state in a society. The word can also be an adjective describing such viewpoints or policies. Reactionaries are considered to be one end of a political spectr... um whose opposite pole is progressivism/radicalism, though reactionary ideologies may be themselves radical. While it has not been generally considered positive to be regarded as a reactionary, it has been adopted as a self-description by some, such as Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, Gerald Warner of Craigenmaddie, Nicolás Gómez Dávila, and John Lukacs   more
0 votes


Minarchism is a political philosophy and a form of libertarianism. It is variously defined by sources. In the strictest sense, it holds that states ought to exist, that their only legitimate function is the protection of individuals from aggression,...  theft, breach of contract, and fraud, and that the only legitimate governmental institutions are the military, police, and courts. In the broadest sense, it also includes fire departments, prisons, the executive, and legislatures as legitimate government functions. Such states are generally called night-watchman states.Minarchists argue that the state has no authority to use its monopoly of force to interfere with free transactions between people, and see the state's sole responsibility as ensuring that contracts between private individuals and property are protected, through a system of law courts and enforcement. Minarchists generally believe a laissez-faire approach to the economy is most likely to lead to economic prosperity   more
0 votes


In politics and religion, a moderate is an individual who is not extreme, partisan, nor radical. In recent years, the term political moderates has gained traction as a buzzword.The existence of the ideal moderate is disputed because of a lack of a m... oderate political ideology.Aristotle favoured conciliatory politics dominated by the centre rather than the extremes of great wealth and poverty or the special interests of oligarchs and tyrants   more
0 votes


Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates stateless societies often defined as self-governed voluntary institutions, but that several authors have defined as more specific institutions based on non-hierarchical free associations. Anarchism ... holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful. While anti-statism is central, anarchism entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of human relations, including, but not limited to, the state system.As a subtle and anti-dogmatic philosophy, anarchism draws on many currents of thought and strategy. Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. There are many types and traditions of anarchism, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications   more
0 votes


Anarcho-capitalism is a political philosophy which advocates the elimination of the state in favor of individual sovereignty, private property, and open markets. Anarcho-capitalists believe that in the absence of statute, society would improve itsel... f through the discipline of the free market. In an anarcho-capitalist society, law enforcement, courts, and all other security services would be operated by privately funded competitors rather than centrally through compulsory taxation. Money, along with all other goods and services, would be privately and competitively provided in an open market. Therefore, personal and economic activities under anarcho-capitalism would be regulated by victim-based dispute resolution organizations under tort and contract law, rather than by statute through centrally determined punishment under political monopolies.Various theorists have espoused legal philosophies similar to anarcho-capitalism   more
0 votes
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Stefy says2015-02-25T16:53:27.1731927-06:00
Ugh Ayn Rand. Everyone for themselves. Its very sad that we live in such a self centered society. Remember what Rand said? "Why is it good to want others to be happy? You can make another happy but only if that person means something to you selfishly." Is that really what you guys want to be? This world needs to de-selfish itself. Try going iut and having empathy and supporting programs that help other people. You might feel better.
debate_power says2015-02-25T16:57:09.0796841-06:00
Ayn Rand, the one who believed that the wealth of countries was created by the privileged ones...
debate_power says2015-02-25T16:57:45.3848152-06:00
It all must have been because her dad's business was confiscated by the Bolsheviks.
Stefy says2015-02-25T16:59:12.6252000-06:00
Yeah maybe. She ruined America with her philosophy of being an overly individualistic selfish jerk.
debate_power says2015-02-25T17:03:34.3131649-06:00
Ruined? I don't know. She certainly influenced these right "libertarian" bourgeois-lovers.
debate_power says2015-02-25T17:03:51.1479967-06:00
Sorry if I offended anyone :P
Stefy says2015-02-25T17:05:43.7564781-06:00
Thats what i meant. Just a bit of hyperbole. Of course you didnt! Dont worry were good. If that was for me i was enjoying talking with you your in a minority of reasonable people on this site in my opinion.
debate_power says2015-02-25T17:24:03.2210863-06:00
Well, while I'm a strong proponent of socialism, I would like for some more tests of it to be done.
debate_power says2015-02-25T17:24:22.1307713-06:00
*Before it is implemented
UtherPenguin says2015-02-25T18:00:59.4777422-06:00
A tie between Socialism and Theocracy, so basically I'm a theocratic socialist:
Heraclitus says2015-02-26T04:22:29.2974776-06:00
Survival of the fittest is simply the reason that we are a successful species.
Heraclitus says2015-02-26T04:23:17.5818817-06:00
In my opinion, Ayn Rand was the greatest philosopher to walk the earth along with Aristotle, Descartes, Heraclitus and Plato.
Heraclitus says2015-02-26T04:25:43.8502378-06:00
Humans are naturally egoistic and are born with the desire to do well and succeed which Ayn Rand realises and Collectivism ignores. The tribe is just a number of individuals.
Heraclitus says2015-02-26T04:26:47.1374614-06:00
Why is Socialism so popular? Are people this ignorant?
reece says2015-02-26T08:11:32.5321830-06:00
@Heraclitus A lot of people just think Survival of the fittest is about brute force when in fact Survival of the fittest is about adapting to your environment and vise versa. It should be evident, but obviously it isn't.
Heraclitus says2015-02-26T09:06:58.1941145-06:00
Yeh good point
Stefy says2015-02-26T12:22:46.6232960-06:00
Just because something is human nature doesnt make it right.
reece says2015-02-26T12:28:07.7394368-06:00
Of course. Human nature is both personal morality and social morality.
Stefy says2015-02-26T12:31:12.2994875-06:00
That other guy is saying that just because being egotistical and selfish is human nature that that makes it ok.
reece says2015-02-26T12:35:56.6976182-06:00
@Stefy It's ok if he doesn't mind society not liking him much.
BIGOTED says2015-02-26T18:14:36.1128730-06:00
None. Something where we don't bow down to homosexuals and atheists. Also no taxes except for the military. Businesses should make roads not the government. Everything else the government does is pretty much because of the marxists that rule our congress.
debate_power says2015-02-26T19:58:26.2274608-06:00
@Heraclitus People don't like socialism because they're ignorant; they like socialism because they are gratified when they treat other altruistically. Ayn Rand was all about caring for yourself; why can I not derive enjoyment from altruism?
debate_power says2015-02-26T19:59:25.7527996-06:00
@Heraclitus Let's see... According to human nature, how much capital do I have to own to fulfill my natural goals? Can you give me a set amount?
debate_power says2015-02-26T19:59:58.2812905-06:00
@Hera Please define it in terms of currency or weight or something.
debate_power says2015-02-26T20:01:42.4560871-06:00
You claim that capitalism is fair... Perhaps some people with property ownership disadvantages (COMPETITIVE disadvantages) would disagree with you.
Heraclitus says2015-02-27T04:24:56.8901384-06:00
They would disagree with me if they were lazily lying on their sofa claiming benefits from the government. And we're does that money come from? Oh yeh the people actually giving a sh*t and doing well for themselves.

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